Please select your home edition
Edition
Hella Dual Colour Floodlights - Top 728 x 90px - 6 jpg

America's Cup Rialto: November 30 - A revealing day on Course B

by Richard Gladwell, Sail-World NZ 30 Nov 2020 19:06 PST 1 December 2020
INEOS Team UK - Waitemata Harbour - November 30, 2020 - 36th America's Cup © Richard Gladwell / Sail-World.com

A dull day with passing showers, greeted the three teams who made an early start on the Waitemata, on Monday, ahead of an inclement weather forecast for Tuesday.

Emirates Team New Zealand was first to dockout - just after 7.30am and was joined soon after by Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli (ITA) and INEOS Team UK.

It was the Brits' second sail after a period in the hangar, with waterfront scuttlebutt having it that they were in a desperate search for boatspeed. Generally INEOS train a lot on their own, and it was interesting to see them mixing it with the other two - and Emirates Team New Zealand in particular.

All three started in the same area of water - the overlap between Course C into the entrance to the Waitemata harbour and Course B which runs the length of the Rangitoto Channel.

Today, November 30, was officially the last day of Spring and leaning more to Winter than the Summer-like conditions we saw a few days ago. This pattern usually occurs up until a week before Christmas, or slightly later - and it can be expected that the upcoming America's Cup World Series and Xmas Cup - starting on December 17, will be sailed in a transitory weather system.

However if one of the harbingers of the Kiwi summer are to be believed - a pohutukawa tree in full crimson bloom - then judging by the magnificent specimen on North Head overlooking the five America's Cup courses, the Cup can look forward to a great summer.

The breeze was all over the place - strength wise - but generally from a NW direction - once again favouring Course B - a location that was expected not to receive much use.

Emirates Team New Zealand were the first to get going, and headed off in the direction of Motuihe Island to the east under Code Zero and then tried to return under Code Zero. Their lack of speed and inability to foil may have been deliberate as the Code Zero itself appeared to be very eased. But as the video verifies, when they did sheet on and got foiling there wasn't the giveaway speed increase from the following chaseboats.

The sail design jury would still appear to be out on the best options for light air. While the Kiwis were struggling to get their Code Zero to fire, closer to the Rangitoto shore, INEOS Team UK were foiling fast under a maximum width #1 jib - which has an LP measurement almost 5 metres short of the Code Zero - 7.050m to 12.000m.

(LP is cross measurement width from the clew of the sail intersecting the luff at right angles - effectively a foot length measurement. The Code Zero is set off bowsprit which in imperial measurement is 6ft long and rakes the 69ft long hull out to 75ft - giving the America's Cup class its AC75 name.)

In profile both the #1 jib and the Code Zero look the same - closing out the foretriangle with the leech parallel to the leading edge of the mast, but with the tack point of the jib at the forestay point and the tack of the Code Zero attaching to the end of the bowsprit.

During the course of the day, we saw the full inventory of short and long hoist jibs as well as Code Zeroes used.

On a stint out in Course A (off Takapuna) with less breeze interference from the surrounding landscape, and steadier pressure, both the Kiwis and Brits returned with short hoist jibs set.

Earlier in the day INEOS, along with Luna Rossa had opted for full hoist jibs. At this point it would seem that the Code Zero is only marginally better in a very low windstrength (4-6kts), but above that the #1 jib comes into its own. A few Fridays ago we saw a similar pattern with three Challengers trying a mix of Code Zeroes and full hoist jibs. The trend there was the same - if an AC75 could get foiling with a jib, they were quicker than with the Code Zero. However ETNZ has been seen sailing very fast, and foiling in light airs with a Code Zero - so maybe the definitive answer is yet to be found.

What we saw on Monday, in a patchy breeze backed up up what we'd seen two or three weeks ago when the three Challengers were all in the same patch of water in a streaky pressure breeze - and flying #1's and Code Zeroes.

Clearly the sail design teams are going to play a key role in this Cup - the first to be sailed with a complete soft sail inventory since 2007 in Valencia.

For all INEOS Team UK's rumoured lack of speed, it was not evident in their run down the Rangitoto Channel, chased by Emirates Team New Zealand. The margin didn't seem to alter. But whether both sailing at race pace, is theirs to know and others to guess.

If the upcoming America's Cup regattas are all about closing out the gap between the rig, hull and water surface - then Emirates Team NZ would seem to have this issue resolved. The flat keel rocker looks to have been optimised with the flight control, and after looking at many, many study shots, the Kiwis seem to have this one in right degree of very fine balance.

On the inner harbour Courses - B and C, with their variable wind angles and pressure the winner is more likely to be determined by who can "puddle jump" between the areas of stronger pressure and optimal direction.

In lighter winds, the AC75's sail at three or four times windspeed. That translates to a boat speed differential of at least 3-8kts for a wind increase of just 1-2kts 50 or 100metres away on a nearby part of the course. From an elevated position on North Head, the streaky wind patterns are more obvious than on the water - and there's plenty of them.

While the nuances of hull design have fascinated many commentators, it is clear that the ability to play windshifts and pressure to advantage, along getting maximum effective power from the rig - essential to get foiling early and stay in the air - will pay the biggest dividend.

For that reason it is surprising that the Challengers have spent so much time out in the open sea beyond Course A, or Course E, rather than working out the nuances of the two Stadium courses. Monday was the first day we have seen the teams spend so much time in this location.

The Practice racing, ahead of the Xmas Cup ACWS Racing is expected to start in a week or so, will give some inkling as to how this Cup will unfold in 2021. But on the basis of what was seen on Monday, currently there are no standout performers, and f that remains the same come next March, the Cup will be decided by who has the best sailors rather than the best boffins.

Videos of the day

Calling all Cup Fans - support your favorite team

This America's Cup will be different for international fans, who thanks to COVID-19 travel restrictions into New Zealand won't be able to attend the regatta, unless they hold, a New Zealand passport and are prepared to live in two weeks of quarantine.

But you can still show your support for the team and feel part of the event - at racing watch parties and similar.

Or order now for a unique Christmas gift for that special America's Cup fan you know.

Get your favorite team clothing from the store.americascup.com/collections official supplier for all teams and the America's Cup event.

For American Magic's range click on store.americascup.com/collections/american-magic

For Luna Rossa Prada Pirelli's range click on store.americascup.com/collections/luna-rossa-prada-pirelli-team

For INEOS Team UK's range click on store.americascup.com/collections/ineos

For Emirates Team New Zealand's range click on store.americascup.com/collections/team-emirates-team-new-zealand

For the America's Cup AC36 Event range of clothing and kit click on store.americascup.com/collections/cup-collection

For the North Sails AC36 range of clothing and kit click on store.americascup.com/collections/ac-by-north-sails

Related Articles

America's Cup: NYYC - Pause now, tell later
NYYC's decision to "pause its pursuit of the America's Cup" appears to have been taken autonomously The New York Yacht Club's decision to "pause its pursuit of the America's Cup" appears to have been taken autonomously, without reference to Stars+Stripes USA and was leaked to online media several hours before the team was made aware of the decision. Posted on 20 Oct
America's Cup: NYYC 'pause' Cup involvement
NYYC surprised their second challenger team, Stars+Stripes and have paused Cup preparations Just under four months after announcing that they had chosen another team for AC37 in place of American Magic, their team from the 36th America's Cup. Now the New York Yacht Club has "paused" their Cup involvement. Posted on 19 Oct
America's Cup: Valencia Revisited?
A report in the Spanish media indicates that a new bid is in the running for the 37th America's Cup A report in the Spanish media indicates that a new bid from Valencia, Spain is in the running for hosting the 37th America's Cup. Posted on 15 Oct
America's Cup: Big calls ahead for Superstars
Tough calls ahead for Burling and Tuke as they try to balance their 2024 dance card Peter Burling and Blair Tuke announced their arrival back into New Zealand, this week, with a media release making it clear the duo had not re-signed with Emirates Team New Zealand. Posted on 15 Oct
Gladwell's Line: Life in Lockdown Land
In the alternate universe - Planet Cherub - it is great to see the Lockdown being put to good use In the alternate universe - Planet Cherub - it is great to see the Lockdown being put to good use, where the home-build virus seems to be running amok. Fortunately no vaccination is available, and frankly the more who catch it the better. Posted on 12 Oct
Start of a 35yr America's Cup dynasty
New Zealand's now 35 year America's Cup dynasty began October 5th 1986 on Gage Roads, Fremantle New Zealand's now 35 year America's Cup dynasty began October 5th 1986 on Gage Roads, Fremantle, when KZ-7 faced Heart of America in Race 1 of Round Robin 1 in the 1986/87 Louis Vuitton Cup. Posted on 5 Oct
America's Cup: INEOS Britannia announce line-up
America's Cup: INEOS Britannia reveal their Formula 1 and America's Cup line up INEOS Britannia, the Challenger of Record for the 37th America's Cup have announced their design and management team lineup at a live broadcast from Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 team's headquarters at Bracknell UK. Posted on 4 Oct
America's Cup: Two F1 teams set to enter AC37
Sail-World understands that two F1 teams are set to partner up with challenger teams for AC37 Sail-World understands that two Formula One teams are set to partner up with challenger teams for the upcoming America's Cup. Posted on 4 Oct
America's Cup: American Magic's defining moment
American Magic's capsize on Day 3 of the Prada Cup was one of the unforgettable moments of AC36 In this new video, American Magic's skipper Terry Hutchinson and others share their memories of the campaign-defining mark rounding and subsequent events, at the end of the penultimate leg of Race 3 of Round Robin 2 of the Prada Cup. Posted on 3 Oct
America's Cup hosting costs overcooked
A change in the financial analysis method for AC36 has upped the "cost" by several hundred percent Significant issues have emerged in the post-event reporting on the 36th America's Cup. They have been highlighted by Irish media reporting a stellar "cost" of staging the next edition. The Event only cost was €27million. Posted on 1 Oct
Vaikobi 2021 FlexForce - FOOTERRS Sailing 2021 - FOOTERUpffront 2020 Foredeck Club SW FOOTER