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Southern Spars

South Africa makes it official- Vessels 'required' to carry EPIRBs

by Sarene Kloren on 5 Nov 2010
EPIRB Cospas Sarsat system .. .
As rescue coordination centres around the world step up their pressure on yachts, ships and all seagoing vessels, the South African Maritime Safety Authority's (SAMSA) Centre of Sea Watch Response has issued a statement that all 'ships' are 'required' to carry an EPIRB, via their Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre (MRCC). All yachts in or likely to be in South African waters are recommended to take note. Here is their announcement:

All ships are required to carry onboard as part of their GMDSS fit an Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB). When the ship is in distress and the beacon is activated the emergency beacon will transmit a signal. The signal is then relayed through a COSPAS-SARSAT satellite to the Local User Terminal/Mission Control Centre (MCC), which in the South African context, is the Telkom Maritime Radio Station situated in Milnerton, Cape Town.

The signal is processed by the MCC and then automatically forwarded to the MRCC, Cape Town. The MRCC will investigate, and if required, will co-ordinate a SAR operation.

These operations range from routine Maritime Assistance Service, e.g. towing operations and vessels not under command but in no immediate danger, to vessels in distress where the loss of life, pollution, etc. is imminent.
It must be stressed that the emergency beacons alone cannot be effective unless supported by lifesaving equipment e.g. life rafts, lifeboats, life jackets, life buoys, immersion suits, and life floats, among others. It can take considerable time before the rescue units reach the distress position and therefore the aforementioned equipment can help to prevent unnecessary drowning or death.

Without an EPIRB onboard it becomes extremely difficult to locate a vessel that was not able to relay its position, thus making the rendering of assistance a more complicated and lengthy process.

The EPIRB must be programmed with a Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) which is issued by the Independent Communications Authority of South Africa (ICASA). The Master or operator must ensure that the EPIRB is always serviceable and ready to be deployed should it become necessary. In South Africa all ships of South African nationality are required to have an EPIRB onboard at all times, wherever they may be.

All other vessels not covered by the provision of the Act should however endeavour to carry a properly registered and programmed EPIRB as an additional safety measure.

Detailed information relating to the registration process and also how the system works can be obtained from the MRCC at the contacts provided below.
MRCC contact details are as follows:
Telephone Number: +27 (0) 21 9383300
Fax Number: +27 (0) 21 9383309

The Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre (MRCC) is the main operational unit of a maritime Search and Rescue (SAR) service. It was established under the South African Maritime Safety Authority’s (SAMSA) Centre of Sea Watch and Response. The MRCC’s core business is to mobilise and coordinate SAR facilities and resources within the area that the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has designated as South Africa’s SAR region in order to assist persons and ships in maritime distress. South Africa, as a signatory to the SOLAS Convention, (enacted into Merchant Shipping Act) has the responsibility to provide SAR services to all vessels navigating through South Africa’s area of responsibility.
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