sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery
Sail-World.com : Fast foils-a conversation with Paul Bieker, part two
Fast foils-a conversation with Paul Bieker, part two

'Oracle Design Team - America’s Cup 35. Paul Bieker is standing in the front row, second from the left'    Amory Ross ©

Few people in the sailing world are sharper than Paul Bieker, a soft-spoken Seattle-based naval architect who has spent his career designing a wide variety of sailing vessels, from super-quick I-14s and his one-off line of 'Riptide' racer/cruisers, to America’s Cup yachts. Bieker is one of the core designers credited with 'super-charging' Oracle Team USA’s 'USA 17' last September, changes that helped the American-flagged team to successfully pull-off one of sports history’s greatest comebacks to defend the 34th America’s Cup. Yet pull up a seat on the rail next to Bieker-as I’ve been fortunate enough to do on many occasions aboard our mutual friend’s Riptide 44-and it quickly becomes obvious that Bieker’s horizons extends far beyond racecourse designs.

Take, for example, the day that he brought our crew lunch. Each sandwich was individually wrapped in brown recycled paper and was hand-tied with a bit of hemp twine in an effort to reduce landfill fodder.

Or then there’s Bieker’s insistence that his Riptide designs offer their owners a huge amount of value and utility, irrespective of whether the agenda involves racing, savoring 25-knot kite rides or extended cruising. Bieker is widely regarded as one of the world’s foremost foil-design experts, and while he wisely tries to dodge the limelight, Oracle Team USA has again tapped Bieker for AC35, this time in the role of lead designer.

I recently caught up with Bieker at a local Ballard (our mutual Seattle neighborhood) pub for part two of this two-part interview to get his thoughts on how AC34 was won, his design role for AC35, as well as his thoughts on the future of America’s Cup Racing.

The wind limits where certainly a big factor in AC34.

Yes. By the end of AC34 it was pretty clear that we could have sailed in a lot more breeze, and so the wind limits will go back up in AC35.

When Artemis flipped over, everybody looked at the reality of their sailing and how the boats felt, and how they could control them. We came up with the wind limits probably four or five months before the Cup. By then we had the boat pretty dialed, it was scary but it was pretty controllable. If you look at that boat going around the course in the last race, it was beautiful.

AC34 Match / ETNZ vs OTUSA DAY 9 - Race 12 / 34th America’s Cup / ORACLE TEAM USA / San Francisco (USA) / 19-09-2013 -  Guilain Grenier Oracle Team USA ©   Click Here to view large photo


Did you take a deep breath during that last windward bear-away maneuver? They flew that hull a little high.

Usually, the highest load the foil ever takes is the high fly on a bear-away. The only other time when we saw higher loads than that was on a reach when the boat launches out and does a side-slip before going back in the water. When the boat comes back into the water, you can see the strains in the boards spike up as the flow hooks back up-around 1.5x the maximum steady state loads. You can learn pretty quickly when you have the ability to tunnel in to every bit of the sailing data and look at little moments in detail.

You mentioned that you’ve been down in Los Angeles with Morelli and Melvin, talking to those guys about the AC35 design rule. Does Team Australia also have a designer that’s your counterpart or is it just a meeting with you and those guys?

Basically at this stage Morelli and Melvin talk through the issues with the Defender. The Defender drives the process, but the Challenger of Record basically has right of refusal, so you keep them in the loop and try to come up with something that works reasonably well for them.

There has been a lot of buzz of AC35 with smaller catamarans and maybe a semi One Design element to it. Do you think that these One Design elements will actually reduce cost or will teams just find the loop hole and spend it on that?

There has been a ton of discussion about that and I think basically where it’s going to go is that the new design rule will constrain the parts of the boats that aren’t as likely to produce big performance gains so that we don't spend too much design time on them.

The hull platform for instance?

That one has gone. You get liability problems when you spell out the design and engineering of major structural components. I think they will constrain the boat in the places that they think a team could spend money unproductively. I think that they will constrain the rule such that certain parts of the boat might as well be One Design, but not make them One Design per se, so that you could have multiple builders. If you could have competition amongst builders, you’ll probably get better value.

AC34 Match / ETNZ vs OTUSA DAY 9 - Race 12 / 34th America’s Cup / ORACLE TEAM USA / San Francisco (USA) / 19-09-2013 -  Guilain Grenier Oracle Team USA ©   Click Here to view large photo


You just used the word ‘value’ in relation to the America’s Cup…

They are technological boats. You will always be able to spend a shit load of money on them.

In the last Little America’s Cup, 'Groupama' used a boat that was built using Southern Spars’ Thin Ply Technology 'printed' hulls. Could we see a scaled-up version of this technology in AC35?

That stuff is kind of a nightmare to work with but there are some things it is great for. I was exposed that technology in 'Artemis' when I was there. It’s super expensive and it’s hard to handle.

Do you reckon foil design will be less important or more important in the next America’s Cup?

I think it will be as important or more so. It was pretty important in the last Cup. It will be as or more important in this next Cup.

If you had to guess, do you think they will take away the ‘no-moveable-flaps-on-the-rudders rule’ and eliminate the articulating daggerboard cassettes that we saw on the AC72s?

I don’t know how it will go. I think the rudders will be left pretty open. The best way to figure out how to control hull trim is is to let the best designers in the world work away at it and then it will be obvious three years from now… How the rudders adjust lift, I think, that will be left open.

As a designer, how to you feel about a semi One Design AC35?

At first I appreciated the idea of a partial One Design concept. If we really wanted to minimize cost and maximize innovation, you would make the wing, the hulls and the platform One Design, and you would open up the appendage design and let everyone spend their efforts on that and we would really learn something but that’s not really the America’s Cup. We’re not there yet anyway… The economy isn’t that dire!

Any insight into the relationship between Oracle Team USA and Team Australia? And, from your perspective, are things progressing smoothly between the Challenger of Record and the Defender?

It seems like a natural relationship to me. I see a separation-I don’t feel like we’re in the same bed. I don’t think they’re just a rubber stamp for what Oracle wants to do or a handbrake. I think they have a distinct vision of where the Cup should go, and Oracle does as well, and they aren’t the same so they have to sort through it. That seems pretty healthy to me.

AC34 Match: Oracle Team USA vs Emirates Team NZ - Day 3, Race 5 -  Guilain Grenier Oracle Team USA ©   Click Here to view large photo


Do you feel like there was a danger that AC34 was over-hyperbolized? All the talk about the world’s fastest boats and the best technology-how do you follow up on something like that?’

I think it’s pretty obvious that if anything, the yacht designers overshot the mark. Like they aimed too high with the boats. They were huge challenges. The fact that we got two boats that could go out there…we raced 20 races in San Francisco Bay during the America’s Cup without a major mishap…without a gear failure. Sometimes going over 30 knots upwind, match racing, having passing happening multiple times on a race, you’re sort of in awe that it worked out like that because you would have thought that aiming that high, something is going to go wrong.

So I think the thing that what we achieved in AC34 was understanding the boat and figuring out how to manually fly a winged catamaran downwind and upwind. Hopefully we can build on the foiling upwind in AC35, but really more than anything else create an environment where other challengers can get into the game at a semi-reasonable amount of money…something that isn’t horrendous. You’re never going to get that many groups of people that could mount an America’s Cup challenge like AC34 so the next Cup is going to be about trying to make it more accessible. And it is not like we’re killing the evolution-there’s still a ton to learn! I came out of the last Cup feeling like we were just scratching the surface.

As a designer, do you feel that there’s some pressure to create yachts for AC35 that are as fast, or faster, than the AC72s, even though the new boats will likely be smaller LOA?

Not really. One of the issues is that speed wise, we were right up against the limit with the AC72s downwind. Their foils were cavitating a lot of the time, so they were totally on the ragged edge and that’s just the physical limit. There are little things you can do about cavitation, but it is kind of a physical limit.

Does that mean then that 45-50 knots is kind of the fastest speed a hydrofoil-borne sailboat can go?

Yes, until you go to the super cavitating foil shapes, but then the super cavitating foils do really poorly at lower speeds.

As a longtime designer, what presents a more interesting problem to you-monohulls, foil borne multihulls, or cruising yachts?

All boats are interesting, and in all boats you end up with tradeoffs. But for sure, right now the foilers are the most challenging because you are touching into new speed ranges.

AC34 Match / ETNZ vs OTUSA DAY 5 RACE 8 / 34th America’s Cup / ORACLE TEAM USA / San Francisco (USA) / 14-09-2013 -  Guilain Grenier Oracle Team USA ©   Click Here to view large photo


You have obviously made a really strong name for yourself designing everything from International 14s to your Riptides to AC72s. What element of the design game holds the most appeal to you intellectually and fun-wise?

That’s a pretty good question. I’m a little bit ADHD and my head is all over the place a lot of times, so I find that part of my day I’m thinking about foiling powerboats, and another part of my day I’m thinking about high-performance cruising catamarans and sport boats. Another project that I’m working on right now is a kite boat, a foiling 45-foot kite boat.

So is this one of those things that will fly a big kite a few hundred feet in the air?

It’s for this guy Don Montague who is one of the key guys that invented kiteboarding. There’s just a ton of interesting stuff going on. What’s exciting is when you see the relationships between the projects. The best thing about working on a variety of boats is that you make connections. I think that the best way to become a good designer is to work on a real variety of boats. This allows you to understand why they are different-it gives you a deeper understanding of boats in general.

You say there are a lot of interesting projects right now—is this the result of being a winning designer in the AC34?

I don’t know. I think that I showed some instinct around the base and I think that would have made some impression, so I’m probably doing this 52-foot cat because of the America’s Cup. I also would love to do more [monohulls], like the Riptide 41, 'Blue'.

'Blue' is a truly awesome boat...

Yes. So hopefully we will do more of those. There have been surprisingly few calls on those boats but I think that people don't fully understand them yet.

Are you getting a lot of calls from multi-hull guys to design custom foiling packages?

I haven’t yet, although right now I’m working on some Moth foils. I think there is going to be a lot of interesting stuff in the foiling boats.

As a longtime and accomplished sailor, what aspects of sailing personally turn on your lights?

Probably my favorite is sailing International-14s off of Shileshole Bay Marine [in Ballard/Seattle] on Thursday nights. Just out there during the middle of the week, with seven or eight boats, and the Olympic Mountains [in full view to the West], with 12 – 15 knots of breeze. Sailing with a small enough group of people so that it’s not big-fleet intense, but still enough that you get good competition-but really deep down you’re just [sailing] to blow the cobwebs out and to just go ripping around-for sure that’s been the best sailing of my life.

AC34 Match: Oracle Team USA vs Emirates Team NZ - Day 3, Race 5 -  Guilain Grenier Oracle Team USA ©   Click Here to view large photo


Anything you want to add?

When I first got out of school, I worked with guys [here in Seattle] that had been part of the design for the Boeing military hydrofoil boats and they had learned a lot about hydrofoiling. Those hydrofoil projects were a long time ago…the 1960s or maybe the early ‘70s-but I remember guys telling me about having control problems and vibration above 40 knots and how they learned to use super-cavitating foils. I never dreamed that 25 years later I would be in the same territory on a sailboat!

It’s a little bit of an aside but I think there’s definitely potential for hydrofoiling powerboats that would be somewhere in the order of magnitude more efficient than a lot of the runabouts and high-speed power cruisers that are out there right now. One of my hopes is that this stuff with the hydrofoiling sailboats is going to trickle back down to the powerboats. When those old hydrofoil powerboats were designed gas was cheap. So back then the performance challenge just drove you towards just putting a bigger engine and bigger fuel tanks.

So you would be interested in the challenge of trying to find a more efficient way of moving powerboats?

Yes, I think there’s a whole world to that part. I’m not sure when it will come, but it will.

Many thanks to Paul Bieker for his help with this interview.


by David Schmidt, Sail-World USA Editor


  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=119902

9:16 PM Fri 7 Mar 2014GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
2013 America's Cup

Related News Stories:

03 Mar 2014  America's Cup- Fast foils-a conversation with Paul Bieker, part I
19 Jan 2014  America's Cup: CNN Mainsail Down Under on the state of the Cup
16 Jan 2014  America's Cup: Jobson goes one on one with Jimmy Spithill (Part 5)
15 Jan 2014  America's Cup: Jobson goes one on one with Jimmy Spithill (Part 4)
14 Jan 2014  America's Cup: Jobson goes one on one with Jimmy Spithill (Part 3)
12 Jan 2014  America's Cup: Jobson One on One with Spithill (Part 2)
11 Jan 2014  America's Cup:Gary Jobson goes One on One with Jimmy Spithill
06 Jan 2014  America's Cup: Rod Davis - still looking for answers after Cup defeat
01 Jan 2014  America's Cup: Russell Coutts on the 34th and 35th America's Cups
21 Nov 2013  America's Cup: Where to now, for Artemis? Iain Percy gives the answers
MORE STORIES ...






News - USA and the World

It has been an interesting journey so far for the Chinese team in the Volvo Ocean Race, Dongfeng Race Team. Approximately 10 months ago this team set out on a mission to select and train Chinese recruits in the hope that they would be ‘race ready’ for the start of leg 1 of the Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race fans can now carry the world’s toughest ocean race in their pocket, thanks to the launch of a new official mobile app. Developed for both iOS and Android systems, the app is available for download from the App Store and Google Play now – and boasts a host of exciting features which will allow users to be closer to the on-water adventure than ever before. ... [more]  

Race teams planning next season’s calendar could do worse than sign up for the Mount Gay Round Barbados Race Series 2015 which runs from 16-24 January. This event, which kick starts the Caribbean race season, was re-launched in 2014 with a new race format and plenty of record-breaking opportunities. It proved such a success that an even bigger entry is expected in 2015. ... [more]  

Photographer Eugenia Bakunova of leading Russian website www.mainsail.ru was on the water at Les Voiles de Saint Tropez on the French Riveria , and provided this gallery of images of the classics and other yachts racing ... [more]  

Sunset+Vine|APP, the Oxford-based unit of the multi-award winning UK independent TV sports production and media company Sunset+Vine, has helped ISAF smash all previous broadcaster records for the recent Santander 2014 ISAF Sailing World Championships. ... [more]  

2014 ISAF Sailing World Cup - Melbourne - Don’t forget to enter the ISAF Sailing World Cup – Melbourne. There are only two days left to take advantage of the discounted entry price offer. ... [more]  

2014 12 Metre North American Championships - Two days of a northerly (first strong, then light) and one day of a building southwesterly put six 12 Metre yachts to the test at their North American Championships, which were held off Newport, R.I. over September 26-28. Gunther Buerman’s (Newport, R.I.) KZ-3 and Dennis Williams’ (Hobe Sound, Fla.) Victory ’83 defended their titles ... [more]  

After Gmunden, Austria, in 2011 and Cala de' Medici, Italy, in 2012 and after a pained second place, same points with the Portogues 'Credite Egs' in Portosin, Spain, last year, the Italian crew coming from Puglia 'Euz II Monella Vagabonda', with Sandro Montefusco at the helm and his brother Paolo as a tactician, confirms for the third time the Platu 25 World Championship title. ... [more]  

Carlo Borlenghi was on deck for the first day of competition at Les Voiles de Saint-Tropez to capture these images. ... [more]  

Photographer Ingrid Abery was on site for day one of racing at the 2014 Les Voiles de Saint Tropez to capture these images. ... [more]  

The final day of the 2014 U.S. Team Racing Championship ended up being a half day of sailing due to a complete shutdown of the wind. However, the fleet completed enough races to count Gold Round Robin 3 and crown Ladies and Gentlemen as the back-to-back Team Racing Champions. ... [more]  

Michigan, the Great Lakes State, was a fitting location as The National Sailing Hall of Fame (NSHOF) gathered for the fourth time in the organization’s history to fulfill its mission to recognize Americans who have made outstanding contributions to the sport of sailing. ... [more]  

The International Sailing Federation (ISAF) has published guidelines for candidates bidding to host the 2016 ISAF Youth Match Racing World Championship. Bids to host the 2016 ISAF Youth Match Racing Worlds must be received by Friday 24 October 2014. ... [more]  

The onboard medic-sailors competing in the upcoming Volvo Ocean Race have completed their last medical training. More than a basic first aid refresher course, the mandatory medical training each Volvo Ocean Race team had to carry out in the last few months and days are key to survival while at sea. ... [more]  

Erik Simonson was on the water at 2014 Melges 20 Pacific Coast Championship to capture these images. ... [more]  

2014 J/105 North American Championship - Light air ruled the J/105 North American Championship hosted by Royal Canadian Yacht Club in Toronto, Ontario, Canada—and so did Rod Wilmer and Terry McLaughlin on Mandate. ... [more]  

The Extreme Sailing Series event in Istanbul seems to have only just finished, but already the containers are in the Ville de Nice set to gear up for this weeks penultimate regatta. Peter Burling and Blair Tuke are back onboard this week, fresh from their 49er World Championship win and looking to make it two wins from two events for Emirates Team New Zealand on the ?Extreme Sailing Series ... [more]  

2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - In Sunday’s final matches in the Buddy Melges Challenge, Stephanie Roble and Lotte Meldgaard Pedersen showed the crowds on the bluffs of Lake Michigan how top class match racing should be sailed. It took five absolutely thrilling matches for the Danish crew to secure their first WIM Series event victory since last summer’s Danish Open. ... [more]  

America's Cup: Oracle Team USA's AC72 takes to the streets by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
Oracle Team USA's winning AC72 takes to the streets of San Francisco, one year on from the Team's successful Defence of the America's Cup. This week the AC72 catamaran Oracle Team USA raced to victory is going to be a special guest at Oracle OpenWorld 2014 in San Francisco. ... [more]  

Matches between the world’s top two match racing skippers are always aggressive affairs on the Alpari World Match Racing Tour (AWMRT). In the pre-start of the first match, Canfield stuck two penalties on Williams, leaving the British boat playing catch-up. ... [more]  

Pantaenius, the world’s leading specialist yacht insurance company, has been at the forefront of yacht insurance for more than 40 years, earning a reputation for transparency and commitment to customer service that provides round-the-clock international support and reliable, speedy claims settlement. ... [more]  

What a great day for kiting at Kite Foil Gold Cup Australia 2014! 10-15 knot North Easterly and slight seas. Kites zooming around like supersonic mosquitoes but mosquitoes buzz whereas foiling kites are completely silent! ... [more]  

At the time that we are writing this, it is almost exactly a week since the first race took place at Wakatere Boating Club in New Zealand, followed by hundreds of races across the globe that we have been told attracted record numbers of sailors to your clubs ... [more]  

2014 U.S. Team Racing Championship - It was a picturesque day on Marblehead Harbor with plenty of sunshine for the second day of the U.S. Team Racing Championship. Once again, a lack of consistent breeze made for a challenging day for the Race Committee, umpires and competitors. Nevertheless, PRO Susie Schneider and her team were able to complete Round Robin One ... [more]  

2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - Saturday’s racing in the Buddy Melges Challenge on Lake Michigan, USA, saw more breeze than ever before during the week. Stephanie Roble used her local knowledge to show a clean sheet for the day, going in to Sunday’s conclusion with a one – zero lead over Lotte Meldgaard Pedersen in the final, sailed as a best of five match series. ... [more]  

2014 U.S. Adult Sailing Championship - A balanced field and limited racing usually leads to close races and a crowded leaderboard. This was the situation on Eagle Mountain Lake for the last day at the U.S. Adult Championship, hosted by Fort Worth Boat Club. ... [more]  

2014 J/105 North American Championship - Five races are now in the books, and just three points separate the top three teams at the J/105 North American Championship hosted by Royal Canadian Yacht Club in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... [more]  

Photographer Eugenia Bakunova of leading Russian website www.mainsail.ru was on the water at the 36th edition of the Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai, and provided this gallery of images of the classics racing off Cannes. ... [more]  

Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai: Cannes at its best by Eugenia Bakunova, www.mainsail.ru
The 36th edition of the Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai drew to a close on Saturday. Photographer Eugenia Bakunova was on the water at the 36th edition of the Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai, and provided this second gallery of images of the classics racing off Cannes. ... [more]  

David Gilmour was the only skipper to keep a clean sheet in today’s light-air action at the Dutch Match Cup in Lelystad. Team Gilmour swept aside their fellow Western Australians in a 3-0 Quarter Final against Keith Swinton and Team Alpari FX. The young Aussies then took the first match of their Semi-Final against the reigning ISAF World Champions, Taylor Canfield and US One. ... [more]  

Ian Williams and his GAC Pindar crew responded to a challenging qualifying session on Friday in Lelystad, to win a tense quarter-final against Phil Robertson (WAKA Racing), 3-2 and book a fifth consecutive semi-final in the Alpari World Match Racing Tour at the Dutch Match Cup. ... [more]  

The 44th Hobie 16 North American championships concluded on Friday with Jason Hess and Irene Abascal from Club Los Sauces, Guatemala taking the title. Mark and Grace Modderman from Long Branch, New Jersey followed in seond place and Pedro Colon and Monica Cabrera from Puerto Rico in third winning the tie break over Dan Borg and Liana Giovana from Canada. ... [more]  

The seven One Design VOR 65s were built by a consortium led by Green Marine in the UK. The first of those for the Team SCA women wad delivered in October 2013, the last was supplied to Team Vestas Wind in August 2014. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 10 days to go – Frostad on cultural change (Part I) *Feature
2014-15 Volvo Ocean Race on NBC Sports Network in the U.S.
2014 J/24 World Championship - Will Welles’ Cougar clinches
2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - Meldgaard and Le Berre ready for semis
2014 U.S. Adult Sailing Championship - Day 3
2014 U.S. Team Racing Championship - Day 1 + Video
America's Cup: Then and now - Coutts on why Oracle won, and the Venue
Byte CII World Sailing Championship comes to Royal Varuna, Thailand
Dutch Match Cup: Canfield wins Qualifying, six set for Quarters battle
12 Metre North Americans - A blast from the America’s Cup past
2015 ISAF Sailing World Cup qualification system published
Volvo Ocean Race: Mapfre named as Spanish team sponsor + Video
Extreme Sailing Series returns to Nice for the penultimate Act of 2014
ISAF invites bids for 2016 Women's Match Racing World Championship
2014 ISAF Sailing World Cup, Melbourne - Teaming up
Mascalzone Latino Jr. named 2014 Melges 20 European Ranking Champion
2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - Le Berre keeps winning in Sheboygan
Hobie 16 Open North American Champ and Pan Am Games Qualifier - Day 4
2014 U.S. Adult Sailing Championship - Day 2
J/105 North Americans - Wilmer and McLaughlin master light conditions
J/24 World Championship - Will Welles hangs on going into last day   
Open 2.4mR World Championship on the horizon   
Bart's Bash - Top photographers gain special entry   
Platu 25 Worlds - EUZ II Monella Vagabonda is still leading in France   
St. Barth Cata Cup - Olympic duel on the island   
Dutch Match Cup - High winds and big wipeouts in Lelystad   
Route du Rhum - Yann Guichard to sail Spindrift 2 solo   
Mirabaud Yacht Racing Image - Best sailing photo of the year sought   
Volvo Ocean Race - Yann Riou, getting you up close and personal   
Marseille One Design concludes GC32 racing season + Video   
World Yacht Racing Forum - Seventh edition to take place in Barcelona   
Record number of entries for the Sailing Champions League   
Platu 25 World Championship - Euz II Monella Vagabonda still leading   
Rolex Middle Sea Race Record - A possibility for Esimit Europa 2   
Richmond Yacht Club's International 14 Nationals: Return of 14 footers   
Buddy Melges Challenge - Le Berre leading, undefeated, in Sheboygan   
2014 J/24 World Championship - Will Welles holds advantage   
Etchells Lobster Bowl Regatta - Rob Hitchcock overall winner   
US Wabbit Nationals at Richmond YC   
YCs of Long Beach Charity Regatta - Local area sailors turn out   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT