sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery

 

Sail-World.com : 470 University students compete to qualify for BUSA Team Racing Champs

470 University students compete to qualify for BUSA Team Racing Champs

'Southern-Central group Team Racing Qualifiers at Spinnaker SC © NV Photo www.photoboxgallery.com/NVPhoto - BUSA Team Racing Qualifiers 2012'    Two Different - See Titles

470 student sailors took to the water last weekend across the UK. 79 teams representing 36 British Universities, competed in Qualifiers for the BUCS/BUSA Team Racing Championships 2012. Sailors, helpers and officials battled in arctic conditions, with frozen lakes and frozen boats!

Amongst the ‘interesting’ incidents, the finish boat at Chew Valley capsized and emergency hot showers were prescribed for the volunteers who were fished out of a lake that had frozen over as fast as the ice had been broken up! Saturday was the day of the ‘bosuns’ at several of the venues – no taking these guys for granted this time! At all the events, competitors and volunteers alike were commended for their commitment and sportsmanship. This was the weekend that icy conditions were quickly followed, on Saturday evening, by snow across the UK, causing widespread disruption.

The teams were in five ‘area’ groupings: the Scottish Universities (SUSA) at Royal Forth YC, the Northerns at West Kirby SC, the Midlands at Draycote SC, the Southern/Central group at Spinnaker SC and the Westerns at Chew Valley SC. For the Scottish Universities, this formed the third of a series of three league weekends.

Team Racing at the BUSA Qualifiers at Royal Forth YC © James Harris - BUSA Team Racing Qualifiers 2012 -  Two Different - See Titles  

The objective was to identify 22 teams to automatically proceed to the Finals to be held from 7 – 9 April at West Kirby SC and to identify a further 17 Teams that will compete in Playoffs on 3 - 4 March at Bardowie Loch, north of Glasgow, with a view to a further eight teams being selected to compete in the Finals. A further two places for the Finals will be decided shortly, with the winner of the BUSA Ladies Championships, taking place on the 10/11 March at Spinnaker SC and the top Irish team from the Irish national championships.

Midlands Organiser at Draycote Water, Tom Ripley, was worried that preparing the frozen boats, including the essential ‘Rigiflex’ support boats, might create a problem in meeting the local objective (given the weather forecast) to complete a full round robin on the Saturday. But, he praised the punctuality and commitment of the 13 teams, with quick changeovers, little prompting, umpires and race officials bravely remaining on the water with few breaks and Draycote’s bosuns plying everyone with hot drinks. 'A seriously commendable effort from all' [....yes, boss!], he says. 'The only recurring problem was the freezing of thicker main sheets, which stopped the helms being able to release downwind. Whilst keeping boats racing, or at least on the water, we were able to replace the most problematic of these and only one redress was requested..... As a result, we had just 78 races to complete, all of which we managed on the Saturday. Teams then helped with de-rigging and left as soon as possible, hoping to avoid the treacherous travel conditions promised by the forecast (snow was already beginning to fall by 3pm)' [there was significant traffic disruption that evening in many parts of the country, so this was a good plan].

Warwick Blue led the event, with Cambridge Pink, on equal points, Loughborough Orange and Nottingham Pink also qualifying for places at the Finals, while Birmingham Blue and Cambridge Yellow earnt places at the Playoffs next month.

Tessa Hamer, BUSAs TR Co-ordinator reports from the Northerns at West Kirby: 'Saturday was challenging for all, with very strong winds and freezing temperatures. This led to plenty of exciting sailing; whether it was keeping the umpires on their toes with fast-paced team racing, or dodging capsized Fireflies. The WKSC galley team did an excellent job keeping everyone in hot soup and tea, while crews were heard discussing tactics to stop hands freezing solid. Thanks to prompt repairs of any boat damage, we were able to keep racing all day and complete over half the round-robin, leaving Durham Blue and Liverpool Pink tied on 100% wins overnight, with plenty of teams still in the mix for qualifying positions. The tough day took its toll, and it was a brave few who stayed on at the club for the disco; accommodation in members’ houses in West Kirby was welcomed as a warm bed wasn’t far away.

'Sunday brought kinder winds (and less ice) as everyone was on the water for 9am. More tactical racing was seen as sailors used wind shifts to their advantage leading to close racing all round, with umpires commenting on the high standard of sailing in general. The breeze steadily increased until the round robin was finally completed by 3pm'. Like Tim in the Midlands, Tessa praised the volunteers who made all this possible: 'Massive thanks must go to all the West Kirby helpers on start/finish boats, changeover RIBs, course management, the galley team and all those who hosted students. Thanks also go to the team of umpires and race officers who made the weekend such a success'.

Tessa may have been too modest to mention that Liverpool Pink won the event, with an impressive 93.8% score-line. With Durham Blue and Purple, Leeds Red and Newcastle Red, they go forward to the Finals. Durham Red, Lancaster Red, Manchester Purple and Sheffield Black achieved places at the Playoffs in March.

In Scotland, the BUSA team racing qualifier weekend was open to the top eight university teams decided by two previous (SUSA) league weekends, with racing commenced on a blank slate. Niall McLeod, SUSAs Team racing Co-ordinator recalled that 'the conditions did not look promising on Saturday morning, looking out (from the Royal Fife YC) at Granton Harbour: it was cold and miserable, with persistent rain and a shifty, gusty wind. After an hour spent laying and re-laying the course, and with a constantly building breeze, SUSA still managed to get most of the way through the first round robin, despite a few capsizes. Thankfully the breeze was consistent and the weather more promising on Sunday, making it easier to work through the race schedule. The second round robin then followed straight on from the first. At the end of a day of some close racing, we had our final results for the 2011-12 SUSA Leagues and BUSA Qualifiers.

SUSA (Scots) Qualifiers, looking across the Firth of Forth to the Kingdom of Fife © James Harris - BUSA Team Racing Qualifiers 2012 -  Two Different - See Titles  

Team Racing in Granton Harbour, Edinburgh © James Harris - BUSA Team Racing Qualifiers 2012 -  Two Different - See Titles  

'Edinburgh Blue, Strathclyde Blue and Glasgow Black qualify for the BUCS/BUSA Team Racing Championship Finals, whilst Dundee Red and Glasgow Yellow qualify for the BUCS/BUSA Team Racing Championship Playoffs for one last chance to qualify for the finals'.

Meanwhile, down south, the Southern/Central group were busy at Spinnaker SC, Ringwood, hosted by Wessex Sailing Club. Billie Quinlan was organising the event and delivered everything, including the results! But, as she took off for the ski slopes, BUSA Chairman, Ed Morris, kindly delivered a very full report. 'Seventeen teams from across Southern England, fought through freezing conditions to assemble at Blashford Lake, for a round-robin tournament, in order to book a place at subsequent competitions within the championships. Competition looked to be intense, with no fewer than six teams boasting previous medal holders, as well as Solent Black, the current Oxford ‘Top-Gun’ Champions.

South-Central English Qualifiers at Spinnaker SC © NV Photo www.photoboxgallery.com/NVPhoto - BUSA Team Racing Qualifiers 2012 -  Two Different - See Titles  

'The extremely cold conditions overnight meant that the lake had iced over and that boats were frozen solid. Whilst the Spinnaker Bosuns broke the ice with the more robust motor launches, students used copious amounts of de-icer and hot water to free the boats. By 1330 sailing was possible and racing got underway in earnest; two and half hours of sailing was achieved, until the freezing conditions meant that sailing was stopped at race 40. Whilst there was wind and light, the lake was refreezing, and it was impossible to continue racing as the lake froze around the Fireflies. By the end of Saturday, Solent Black, Southampton Magenta and Southampton Turquoise were all undefeated, with Oxford Blue chasing hard behind. With over 90 races to be run on Sunday, the PRO, Martin Smethers, scheduled a 0900 warning signal for the next morning.

'Overnight a sprinkling of snow made travel trickier for all those involved. However, 16 teams managed to make it to Spinnaker on time. Unfortunately, Reading were unable to get their minibus moving in the snow and had to withdraw......Racing continued with few breaks for around three and a half hours. Whilst sailing started in around 10 knots of breeze, the wind slowly died all day and by 1300 racing was postponed for an hour, with 104 races run. After an hour, it was clear the wind was not coming back and racing was abandoned.

'By this point the top four teams had all met, and Southampton Turquoise had cemented themselves as clear winners; clinical, fast sailing, saw them finish the event without a loss. Further down the order, Oxford Blue finished second; by sailing a conservative regatta, they had notched up nine race wins and were awarded a half race win for an indefinitely postponed re-sail. Close behind them, Southampton Magenta and Solent Black were tied on wins, but, with Solent beating their compatriots in their match, they took third place. The final direct qualifying spot went to Portsmouth White, who caused a few upsets, including beating their local rivals Solent Black. Four Playoff places were awarded at the event [in accordance with the NoR]; these went to Southampton Lilac, Oxford White, London Purple and Oxford Red.

'Overall, the event was a success; tricky conditions did little to deter the Qualifier from running smoothly. Huge thanks must go to the Wessex/Spinnaker team that was headed up by BUSA Southern Rep, Billie Quinlan, as well as all the other helpers from Southampton University and the race officials from Spinnaker Sailing Club'.

The fifth grouping brought university teams from Wales and across the West Country to Chew Valley Lake, near Bristol. It was hosted by the University of the West of England and organised by Andy Pinkham, with a team of helpers from UWE and Chew Valley SC, together with an intrepid team of umpires. Jon Napier reports: 'A frozen lake and no wind greeted the 17 teams at the BUSA Western Qualifier. Attempts to break up the ice hit problems as the broken ice almost instantly refroze. Eventually, the wind picked up, and the ice pack broke apart enough to lay a course and get racing going.

'On Saturday the Qualifier completed 54 races. The wind was initially good, but soon the snow and rain came and the pressure dropped away. A damaged Firefly saw one of the flights drop out while a spare boat was rigged, and these races were re-sailed on Sunday morning. Racing was also hampered by the capsize of the finish boat, leaving two very cold finish officers (who were both fine after a warm shower)!

'Sunday dawned to no wind (but no ice!). After three hours, there was a stable light wind to begin racing and another 16 races were completed before it died away. With every team having raced at least half of their races, the decision was made to end the event and rank teams on percentage wins. Congratulations go to Bristol, Swansea, Bath and Exeter who qualify direct to the Finals (two teams in Bristol’s case). Plymouth, Exeter, UWE and Cardiff will need to head off to Scotland for the Playoffs in a month’s time to try and win a place at the Finals'.

Jessica Beecher summing up the weekend said 'BUSA are extremely proud of all who organised and took part. We are very grateful that the race teams and all the volunteers did such a great job, producing a high standard of racing and fair results, in such tricky conditions'.

Full results and further information are on www.busa.co.uk

South-Central English Qualifiers at Spinnaker SC © NV Photo www.photoboxgallery.com/NVPhoto - BUSA Team Racing Qualifiers 2012 -  Two Different - See Titles  

Team Racing in Granton Harbour, Edinburgh © James Harris - BUSA Team Racing Qualifiers 2012 -  Two Different - See Titles  




by Tony Mapplebeck

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=93738

8:43 AM Thu 9 Feb 2012 GMT






Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.


News - USA and the World

Volvo Ocean Race: Fleet charges the door of the Doldrums Casino *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
The Volvo Ocean Race has lifted intensity again on Day 9 with the fleet spread across 100nm of ocean and charging in a line for the turning point of Fernando de Noronha, 220nm off the Brazilian coast. ... [more]  

The first eight days of the 2014-15 Volvo Ocean Race have been filled with more excitement and tighter racing than anyone could have anticipated. Up until Saturday morning, Leg One has left the fleet with few tactical options and therefore has kept everyone tightly packed as one unit of seven boats. ... [more]  

As expected the third day of the 2014 La Torche PWA Grand Slam proved to be a quiet affair with very light winds throughout the day. After a chilly and overcast start, the sun eventually broke through to produce another beautiful afternoon in La Torche. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15. The sun’s out. It’s warm – not too hot, but warm enough for just a tee shirt. Ian Walker is stood at the helm of his Emirati boat, generous Atlantic trade winds whistling past his ears. 'We’re going straight through,' he claims, confidently. 'What Doldrums? - they’re going to say. Azzam isn’t even going to slow down.' ... [more]  

At 1700 CET in the Rolex Middle Sea Race, 113 yachts had rounded Stromboli, the active volcano that marks the most northerly point of the course. Race leader on the water, Esimit Europa 2, was less than 20 miles from Favignana and preparing to turn south with 289 miles to go and is expected to finish the race in the early hours of Wednesday 22 October, which would be well outside the course record ... [more]  

It is with great pleasure that the Star Sailors League announces that two more top Brazilian sailors will be joining the fleet of 20 super-champions taking part in the Star Sailors League Finals 2014 being held for the second consecutive year at Nassau Yacht Club in the Bahamas between December 1st and 7th. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15, Day Nine onboard Team Alvimedica. It’s hard to explain the complexity of the weather in this part of the world. No computer model or forecaster can accurately predict the winds because the air here is dry and warm, 23c now, and the typical barometric pressure gradients that generate them become very weak. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15, Day Nine onboard Team SCA. We’re a boat on a mission: catch the fleet. And they’re getting closer by the mile. The first time I sailed past Cape Verde islands was in 2010 when I was helping deliver a catamaran from Gibraltar to Antigua, W.I. ... [more]  

Thailand bids for 2016 IODA ‘Optimist’ World Championships by Jordan Rumsby, Royal Varuna Yacht Club
Pattaya's Royal Varuna Yacht Club has submitted a bid to host the 2016 International Optimist Dinghy Association World Championships, offering the world's most talented junior sailing teams a chance to experience the steady wind, sunshine, smiles, great food, and family-friendly attractions of Thailand's top dinghy sailing destination ... [more]  

Photographer Ellen Hoke was on the water at the Farr 40 Worlds sailed from the St Francis Yacht Club, San Francisco, and provided this second gallery of images from the Final Day - Day 4 Prizegiving ... [more]  

Bill Green - builder and sailor passes on by Malcolm McKeag, Scuttlebutt Europe, Lymington, England:
Bill Green, San Francisco-born sailor, Navy jet jockey (not a lot of people know that); US Coastguard; shrimp-boat hand (not a lot of people know that either); One Ton Cup winner and most latterly proprietor of Green Marine slipped quietly away from this life ... [more]  

Tom Burton (AUS) retained World #1 in the Laser after a tremendous fight back at ISAF Sailing World Cup Qingdao where he picked up bronze. The Australia had a tough opening day, finishing down the pack in both races but as the week progressed he worked his way up and sealed bronze on the final day to keep hold of World #1. ... [more]  

Photographer Ellen Hoke was on the water at the Farr 40 Worlds sailed from the St Francis Yacht Club, San Francisco, and provided this gallery of images from the Final Day - Day 4 ... [more]  

Photographer Ellen Hoke was on the water at the Farr 40 Worlds sailed from the St Francis Yacht Club, San Francisco, and provided this gallery of images from Day 2 ... [more]  

Rolex Middle Sea Race 2014 - A hard day's night by Media Royal Malta Yacht Club
Rolex Middle Sea Race - As high pressure moved in from the north, the area around Stromboli had virtually no gradient wind and for those yachts yet to reach Stromboli, a south flowing current has slowed proceedings even further. For the competitive offshore yacht racer, performing well in light wind is more difficult than blasting through a storm at top speed. ... [more]  

34th Student Yachting World Cup - France knew today its best day since the beginning of the competition. They spent the two races at the very first positions, even rivaling with the ultra-dominant English team. They showed today an astounding panache, and can now hope to improve their ranking before the end of the SYWoC. ... [more]  

The Chinese entry Donfeng Race Team, has lost her lead on Day 9 of the Volvo Ocean Race, with boats on the east and western side of the course threatening. Two hours before the most recent sked at 0640hrs UTC, Dongfeng was still being listed by Volvo Ocean Race as the leader. But Team Brunel is now listed as the leader, but on a time taken projection basis, Team Brunel is fifth. ... [more]  

Flying Dreams is a movie directed by the talented Elsa Blayau is an ode to ocean, water sports and femininity. Based on an original idea from Alex Udin, Elsa Blayau transformed the project to a complete story and brought it to reality with this realization. ... [more]  

The 70th running of the Cruising Yacht Club of Australia’s annual Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race is living up to expectation with 98 high-calibre entries received so far, from Sean Langman’s 1932 built Maluka of Kermandie, the oldest and smallest boat at nine metres, to the super maxis. The most talked about boat though, is the Verdier Yacht Design and Vplp 100 footer, Comanche. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Blogs from the Boats - Leg 1, Day 8 plus Videos *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.nz/com
Several of the On Board Reporters aboard, provide their unique views of Leg 1, Day 8 of the Volvo Ocean Race - in text, images and video. Catch a birthday at sea on board Team Brunel, and unravel the fishing net with Team SCA Hear and see how the crews coped with the front that came through in the nigh ... [more]  

Shala Youngerman and her team from Southwestern Yacht Club won the 23rd annual Linda Elias Memorial Women’s One-Design Challenge Sunday in this two-day fleet race regatta organized and sponsored by the Long Beach/Los Angeles Women’s Sailing Association and hosted by Long Beach Yacht Club. ... [more]  

After three days of racing in the Valparaíso bay, the Santander team was crowned champion of the Off Valparaíso Race, first stage of the Soto 40 South American Tour that was held in the Yacht Club de Chile with the participation of eight boats. ... [more]  

Day two of the La Torche PWA Grand Slam saw the glorious golden sunshine continue together with the waves, but unfortunately the wind remained absent again. To keep the crowds entertained Jules Denel (JP / NeilPryde) and birthday boy - Antoine Martin (JP / NeilPryde) - attempted a bit of wave tow-in with varying degrees of success, as Antoine Albeau (RRD / NeilPryde) took control of the jet ski. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Dongfeng consolidates lead on Day 8 *Feature by Richard Gladwell, Sail-World.com/nz
After cutting between the Cape Verde islands, separating from the rest of the Volvo Ocean Race fleet, Chinese entry, Dongfeng gained an initial significant lead, which they are in the process of consolidating. One routing option for the then race leader Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing, gave the team the option of cutting inside the island group, they are close to the optimum course for Fernando off Brazil ... [more]  

RS:X Youth World Championships - All set for Clearwater action by RS:X Olympic Windsurfing Class Association
Mild, breezy weather, temperate Gulf of Mexico waters and wide bands of sugar white sand - this is the place where 2014 RS:X Youth World Windsurfing Championship racing is about to start. 'Clearwater Beach is the perfect spot to play host to the young windsurfers gathering here from around the world for international competition', says Frank Chivas. ... [more]  

The first 24 hours of the Rolex Middle Sea Race has seen the fleet progress slowly up the eastern seaboard of Sicily towards the Strait of Messina. By 16.00 on day two, a mere ten per cent of the competition had passed through the Strait and started the leg to Stromboli, where they will turn west towards the Egadi Islands. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 - If only it were that easy. Amazingly we did manage to replace the rudder and regain first position amongst the fleet however just hours afterwards, navigator Pascal Bidégorry was faced with an important strategic decision. ... [more]  

Ian Moore, navigator on Cookson 50, Mascalzone Latino, is no stranger to the Rolex Middle Sea Race, this is his fourth and Ian was part of the winning crew on Bryon Ehrhart's TP52, Lucky in 2010. Ian describes the tactical nuances of the first night at sea. ... [more]  

Top videographer and photographer, John Navas, was on the water for the final day of the Farr 40 Worlds being sailed on San Francisco. ... [more]  

The brilliant conditions of last week’s opening race of the season were duplicated today when the Australian 18 Footers League’s Major A. Frizelle Trophy race was sailed in a 20–knot North East wind on Sydney Harbour. Current JJ Giltinan champion Gotta Love It 7 team of Seve Jarvin, Sam Newton and Scott Babbage showed why they are the world’s best team. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race - The fleet has finally left the West African Coast. They are now in the trade winds, making the westerly course across the Atlantic Ocean to FernandoThey will find the Cape Verde Islands in the way and that will cause some issues of navigation. ... [more]  

2014 ISAF Sailing World Cup Qingdao - It was a light wind, big wave finish at ISAF Sailing World Cup Qingdao as the medallists were decided across the six fleets competing on the waters of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Sailing Competition. ... [more]  

2014 Rolex Farr 40 World Championship - In life, timing is everything. And, after seven years in the Farr 40 class, the timing was right for New York financier Alex Roepers to achieve a long-held goal of winning the Rolex Farr 40 World Championship. ... [more]  

Coast Guard rescues two near Wachapreague
2014 Off Valparaíso Race - Day 2
La Torche PWA Grand Slam - Massive swell on day 1
Volvo Ocean Race: Welcome to Al's Ocean Cafe
Argo Group Gold Cup survives Hurricane Gonzalo
Volvo Ocean Race: Dongfeng regains lead after incident packed Day 7 *Feature
Volvo Ocean Race: Dramatic video of Dongfeng rudder replacement
Volvo Ocean Race - Team Alvimedica bounces back
Volvo Ocean Race - Team SCA expecting the expected + Video
Rolex Middle Sea Race - New record for Mediterranean classic
ISAF Sailing World Cup Qingdao - Medallists decided across six fleets
Volvo Ocean Race - Impressive turnaround for Dongfeng Race Team +Video
Volvo Ocean Race: Race closer than leaderboard suggests - Leg 1, Day 6
Volvo Ocean Race: Dongfeng Race Team break rudder after collision
2014 Rolex Farr 40 World Championship - Famous breeze frustrates
2014 Off Valparaíso Race - Day 1
Sunfish World Championship - Victory for Argentina's Francisco Renna
Volvo Ocean Race - Feeling the pressure six days in
Volvo Ocean Race - Alvimedica cautiously cruising down coast of Africa
Volvo Ocean Race - Team Brunel still within striking distance
Volvo Ocean Race - Testing times for Team SCA + Video   
Beijing 2008 Olympic legacy lives on in Qingdao + Video   
La Torche PWA Grand Slam - A return nearly 20 years in the making   
ISAF Sailing World Cup Qingdao - Game on for remaining fleets   
Farr 40 Worlds: Day 2 Image and Video gallery *Feature   
Day 5 of the Chris Benz Lüderitz Speed Challenge: 4 more records!   
Volvo Ocean Race: Coastal racing at its best - Leg 1, Day 5   
Chris Poole new number one Open Match Racer in U.S.   
Rolex Farr 40 World Champs - Plenty leads as Struntje Light impresses   
2014 Soto 40 South American Tour - Back in action   
Volvo Ocean Race - Mail arrival brings excitement for Team SCA + Video   
Volvo Ocean Race - Jens Dolmer getting restless onboard Team Brunel   
Volvo Ocean Race - Too close for comfort as fleet pushes on + Video   
Foils or not? Explanations from IMOCA Class President Jean Kerhoas   
Ben Ainslie's Olympic Finn sails are up for auction   
Volvo Ocean Race - Team Alvimedica goes to school   
Volvo Ocean Race - Intensity level rises for Dongfeng Race Team   
China Cup Regatta - Olympic medallists and offshore legends to race   
St. Barth Cata Cup - Friendly US rivalry on the Island   
ISAF Sailing World Cup Qingdao - Tight and tactical racing + Video   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT