sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery
Sail-World.com : Varnishing: quick tips to keep you on the right path
Varnishing: quick tips to keep you on the right path

'Superb varnish quality - something to aim for'    .

Varnishing the brightwork on a boat seems, at first sight, a simple process. After all, you just need the varnish and a brush, right? Well, as many of you have already found out, it's not quite so simple. But with some attention to detail and some sturdy tips to help you on your way, you'll be enjoying your brightwork instead of hating it. Here, Interlux offers some quick tips to keep you on the right path:

If it looks good, you will love it! -  .. .  
Surface Preparation:
It is as important as the final coat and can make the difference between a mediocre and a quality varnish work.

Overall advice:
1. Select your tools and chemicals wisely. Practice on 'test' pieces of wood.
2. Blisters or flaking must be completely scraped and cleaned.
3. Keep plenty of sandpaper on hand in a wide range of grits (50-320). Store in a low humidity area.
4. Round the edges of scrapers with a file to avoid gouging the wood surface.
5. Don’t rush the prep stages. Proper preparation is mandatory to achieve superior finishing results.

Essential Equipment:
Sandpaper: Aluminum Oxide or production sandpaper – grits ranging from 50 – 320
Sanding Block: A piece of 2' x 4' long enough to cover multiple imperfections, yet easy to hold, is suitable
Scrapers: Various sizes with rounded corners to avoid gouging of surface
Tape: To mask off surfaces not to be treated
Lint-Free Cloth: Cheesecloth or commercial tack cloth to eliminate surface residue
Brushes: Various sizes including straight and beveled edges
Dropcloths:To protect large areas

Optional Tools:
Finishing Sanders: Expedites the sanding process, but take care not to use too vigorously as sanders
may damage the wood
Heat Gun: Particularly useful on curved or irregular surfaces to remove old paint and varnish. (Do not use Heat Guns to remove antifouling paint)
Vacuum Cleaner: To efficiently remove residue between sandings and before varnish applications

Sanding:
1. Always sand with the grain.
2. Keep sandpaper clean and change often.
3. Don’t overuse a heat gun. It can be damaging to the wood
and to the glue joints
4. Sand 'By the Numbers' finishing with progressively finer grits of paper.

Cleaning, Filling and Sealing:
If you are varnishing teak...
1. Sand entire surface to be varnished with 80 grit sandpaper.
2. Remove sanding residue from wood by wiping with Solvent Wash 202 or Special Thinner 216 to remove as much surface oil as possible. When sanding varnish, it is best to remove sanding residue with Brushing Liquid 333.
3. The first coat should be thinned 15-20% by volume with the recommended thinner in order to get better penetration into the wood and seal it and establish a foundation for subsequent coats of varnish to adhere to.
4. After an overnight dry, sand with 220 grit sandpaper, then wipe clean with Brushing Liquid 333.
5. Apply additional coats of full-bodied varnish until desired finish is obtained, allowing proper dry times between coats. Sand between coats with 220 grit sandpaper, then wipe clean with appropriate thinner.

Bleaching, Filling and Sealing:

1. Always neutralize and flush the wood surface thoroughly after bleaching.
2. Do not attempt to use bleach as a varnish remover. To remove varnish use Interlux Interstrip 299E.
3. Bleaching may raise the grain of the wood so it is recommended to sand after bleaching.
4. Do Not allow wood filler to dry completely before wiping off excess. Otherwise, it will become almost impossible to remove.

Varnish Preparation:
1. Avoid stirring or shaking varnish.
2. Pour varnish through a filter or through a pair of high-density stockings into a clean container.
3. Don’t use varnish that has set open for a long period of time. It will have picked up dust.
4. Keep surfaces to be varnished as dust free as possible. Use tack rags or vacuum for clean up.
5. Avoid gusty weather and do not varnish wood exposed to direct sunlight.
6. Avoid using varnish direct from the can, this will cause the varnish to age prematurely and may introduce contamination into the can. Pour the amount of varnish that you expect to use at any one time, into a separate container.
7. Never leave bare wood exposed too long, as it will absorb moisture from the atmosphere.
8. Varnishing is best achieved on warm, dry mornings, cold weather retards drying. High humidity or moisture will spoil the gloss.

Brushes:
1. Fine results can be obtained with either natural or synthetic bristle brushes. With proper care, a synthetic bristle brush will greatly outlast a natural bristle brush.
2. On large areas use a foam roller to apply the initial coat followed immediately behind with a wide brush for the finishing strokes, this is best done by two people.
3. Overlap brush strokes.
4. Always use a clean brush that has been kept specifically for varnishing.
5. Clean the brushes before using with Brushing Liquid 333 and then spin dry using a brush spinner.
6. After varnishing clean the brush using low odor mineral spirits. For the final cleaning use Brushing Liquid 333. Then wash the brush in detergent and warm water, spin dry using a brush spinner and wrap in greaseproof paper in a fine chisel shape.
7. For brushes that have not been completely cleaned use Interstrip 399 to soften and clean then switch to Brushing Liquid 333 for a final cleaning.
8. After cleaning hang the brush by its handle to avoid any 'fishtailing' of the bristles.

For fully detailed instructions on how to turn out a fantastic result EVERY time, refer to Interlux's comprehensive instructions. Click here and you will be able to download and print out their very best advice, straight from the experts. (These hot tips above are included, so you won't need to print them both out.)


by Interlux/Sail-World Cruising


  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=121716

8:35 PM Thu 1 May 2014GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.







News - USA and the World

Team Vestas Wind skipper Chris Nicholson (AUS) has flown back to a remote Indian Ocean reef to help oversee a complicated operation to retrieve his stranded boat after it was grounded there during Leg 2 of the Volvo Ocean Race nearly three weeks ago. ... [more]  

The skipper of Mapfre, Iker Martinez will leave the Campos managed Volvo Ocean Race entry for the third Leg of the Volvo Ocean Race. The team cites a conflict between Martinez's Olympic commitments in the Nacra 17 and the Volvo Ocean Race, as the reason for the departure which the team says was a planned move. ... [more]  

The America's Cup Competitor Forum, comprising the six teams registered for the 2017 America’s Cup, has appointed Iain Murray as Regatta Director. The appointment was tipped a month ago in Sail-World.com. Under the Protocol for the 35th America's Cup, the appointment has to be approved by the majority of the competitors. ... [more]  

If you missed this week's edition of Adventures of a Sailor Girl, then hear the replay below. This week's show is the 34th. Sailing news in sixty seconds-ish (2:46). Sail Sydney: Josh McKnight (Moth, 9:43), Tom Spithill (Moth, 12:45), Olivia Price & Eliza Solly (FX, 15:24) Tom Burton (Laser, 23:20) James Wierzbowski (Extreme 40's, 32:08) and much more ... [more]  

RORC Transatlantic Race 2014: Isabelle Haudiquet was on the helm as the bright yellow hull blasted through the finish line. Having safely moored Bingo after 17 days at sea, the French crew enjoyed a cold beer dockside at Camper & Nicholsons Port Louis Marina. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Chris Nicholson Interview - Part 3 - On the Atoll *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
Final part of a three part, 80 minute, interview with Team Vestas Wind skipper, Chris Nicholson on the wrecking of the Volvo Ocean Race yacht on an idyllic atoll in the South Indian Ocean during the night of November 29. In this part, Nicholson tell what happened once the crew stepped aboard the local coastguard boat just after dawn, and subsequent trips back to the wreck. ... [more]  

2015 International 14 World Championship - Four-time World Champion, Britain’s Archie Massey, expects racing in the titles at Geelong, Australia, will be tight. ... [more]  

The most significant sailing performances of the year are being heralded by US Sailing with the announcement of the ten men and seven women who have been shortlisted for the 2014 Rolex Yachtsman and Yachtswoman of the Year awards. ... [more]  

A successful medal haul for the Australian Sailing Team (AST) at the ISAF Sailing World Cup in Melbourne with five gold, five silver and three bronze in the Olympic class program, plus two gold and one bronze in the Paralympic fleet. Hear what the sailors had to say about their performance, along with some great video footage of the week's racing on Port Phillip. ... [more]  

Bart’s Bash, the global sailing race that took place in 60 countries around the world, on September 21st, 2014 raised an incredible £366,391.95 for the Andrew Simpson Sailing Foundation. The race was held in memory of Andrew 'Bart' Simpson, the Olympic gold medal sailor who died in May 2013. ... [more]  

RORC Transatlantic: As with every yacht participating in the race, staff from Camper & Nicholsons Port Louis Marina greeted the French team on arrival with warm congratulations, a cold beer and a welcome basket from the Grenadian Tourism Association on behalf of the people of Grenada. The crew of five looked tired after nearly 17 days at sea, but owner, Frank Lang was full of praise for his crew. ... [more]  

2014 Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race - Perpetual Loyal is no stranger to the Rolex Sydney Hobart. Winning line honours in 2011, they have continued to be a contender, especially in heavier breezes. ... [more]  

In a lot of ways, it was kind of befitting that the best conditions of the last day of the Sailing World Cup – Melbourne, were saved for the Women’s Laser Radial Medal Race. Apart from highlighting them in glorious sunshine, like Huey’s own spotlights, it also brought into frame that were only two girls 470 crews in attendance for the regatta. ... [more]  

The website for the 2015 Finn Gold Cup in Takapuna, New Zealand, has been launched. The Finn class is eagerly anticipating a return to Takapuna Boating Club for what will be only the second Finn World Championship to be held in New Zealand. It will have been 35 years since Cam Lewis (USA) beat John Bertrand (USA) in a thrilling final race showdown in 1980, to take the Gold Cup. ... [more]  

Looking for a great Christmas present which you can buy with a few mouse clicks? Bob Fisher's books on the Round the World races, Farr 40's and the definitive America's Cup two volume set are still available, along with other titles from South Atlantic Publishing. ... [more]  

In January Nqoba, from Durban, will embark on his Yachtmaster qualification and will have none other than legendary sailor Sir Robin Knox-Johnston, the first man to ever sail solo, non-stop round the world in 1968-69, as his mentor as he takes the first steps to realise his dream of circumnavigating the globe at the helm of a Clipper 70. ... [more]  

IFDS 2014 Worlds: But as you reflect back on the year, we hope you will agree that week of competition in Halifax, Nova Scotia set a new standard for disabled sailing. It was the largest world regatta yet with 18 SKUD-18 teams, 14 Sonar teams and 49 2.4mR competitors and the largest number of countries participating. There were some challenging days finding enough wind to race. ... [more]  

The 2015 McDougall + McConaghy Moth World Championship is set to be even more of a spectacle this year, with the return of the Zhik ‘Mothapolooza’ which promises a potential head-to-head with teams of America’s Cup and Olympic sailors. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Chris Nicholson Interview - Part 2 - On the Rocks *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz, Auckland, NZ
Part 2 of three part, 80 minute, interview with Team Vestas Wind skipper, Chris Nicholson on the wrecking of the Volvo Ocean Race yacht on an idyllic atoll in the South Indian Ocean during the night of November 29. In this part, Nicholson covers what happened from the time the Volvo65 hit the reef on the SE corner of the Cargados Carajos Shoals. ... [more]  

Last Saturday saw the third annual St. Maarten Regatta Beach Clean-Up organized by the St. Maarten Regatta as part of the Regatta Art Competition. Unfortunately, due to exams, not many children showed up. ... [more]  

US Sailing’s Olympic Sailing Committee (OSC) has released the selection procedures for the 2016 U.S. Olympic Team (Sailing) in the 10 events selected for the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympic Games. The Games of the XXXI Olympiad will take place from August 5-21, 2016, and the sailing events will be based at Marina de Gloria on Rio de Janeiro’s harbor front. ... [more]  

2014 Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race - When the cannon fires sending the 118 entries on their way in the Cruising Yacht Club of Australia’s 70th Sydney Hobart Yacht Race on December 26, two yachts will stand out, because they first competed back in the early days of the race. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race have announced from their headquarters in Alicante, Spain that an independent report has been commissioned into the grounding of Team Vestas Wind’s boat on a reef in the Indian Ocean. The report will be released during the Auckland stopover. ... [more]  

The French sailor scratches his newly shaved skin. He tentatively reaches towards a plate of fried chicken pieces. Still not sure. He rubs his chin again. He hesitates. Laurent briefly runs his eye over the other plates, but finally he can no longer resist the crispy fried chicken pieces. 'This is what I’ve been waiting for,' says the cheerful Frenchman. ... [more]  

Transatlantic Race: After time correction, Apollo 7 is leading IRC Two. Nigel's team included three close friends from his home town of Plymouth, Devon: Steve Wassell, James Slater and Mark Davies. Also on board were two offshore specialists: Dan Gohl, a past Class40 world champion and Sevenstar Round Britain and Ireland Record holder as well as Rolex Fastnet Race winner Brett Aarons. ... [more]  

The 2014 OK Dinghy World Championship opens at Black Rock Yacht Club on Port Phillip Bay in Melbourne, Australia, on December 28th and so far there are around 80 entries, with perhaps a few more before registration closes. This 52nd OK Dinghy World Championship will be the third time that Black Rock YC has hosted the event, following 1982 and 1990. ... [more]  

Adelaide Sailing Club played host once again to the Melges 24 class for its 'Christmas Sprint Series', the third three day M24 regatta in five weeks held by ASC which, (in the same season the club is also hosting the M24 Australian Championship) says something about the power of persuasion, energy and organisation being put in to M24 class by its Australian Secretary Donna Evans. ... [more]  

The team, led by Jerome Clerc, will not compete on the 2015 Extreme circuit but intends instead to focus entirely on the Decision 35 Vulcain Trophy season in Switzerland. The professional sailing squad onboard Realteam capped a superb 2014 season with a third place in Sydney last weekend that put them on the third step of the overall Extreme Sailing Series Championship podium. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Chris Nicholson on the Team Vestas Wind disaster - 1 *Feature by Richard Gladwell, Sail-World.com/nz, Auckland, NZ
Part 1 of three part interview with Team Vestas Wind skipper, Chris Nicholson on the wrecking of the Volvo Ocean Race yacht on an idyllic atoll in the South Indian Ocean during the night of November 29. In this part, Nicholson discusses the factors leading up to hitting the reef, interspersed with other research information, charts, video and images. Parts 2 and 3 will follow on consecutive days. ... [more]  

USA 4 Windsurfing campaign by USA 4 Windsurfing Campaign
Change is inevitable. No matter how hard you try to keep things the same, there comes a time when you must move on. The harder you resist, the more difficult the change. ... [more]  

2014 Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race - Bob Oatley’s Rolex Sydney Hobart race record holder, Wild Oats XI, is out of the water for a final modification after a high speed and rough weather training run off Sydney. ... [more]  

This is Peter Perfect in the Turbo Terrific from the 60s cartoon series, the Wacky Races. Of course, to Australians and a plethora of motoring enthusiasts the world over, the real life Peter Perfect will always be The King of The Mountain. RIP Brocky (Peter Geoffrey Brock). ... [more]  

RORC Transatlantic Race 2014: The Spirit of Adventure crew of 15 were met dockside by representatives of the Royal Ocean Racing Club and well wishers at Camper & Nicholsons Port Louis Marina. After enjoying an ice cold beer, the first cold drink for two weeks, the crew cleared customs and headed for the Victory Bar for eggs and bacon. ... [more]  

ISAF World Sailing Rankings – 15 December 2014
Comanche; Supermaxi Showdown VIDEO
Miami Star Winter Series - Commodores Cup Final day
2014/15 Audi Melges 20 Miami Winter Series - Jason Michas wins
2014 RORC Transatlantic Race - Yacana crosses finish line
2014 Extreme Sailing Series - Act 8 - Swiss team Alinghi wins
Extreme Sailing Series: Images from Act 8 + Series' Highlights video
Volvo Ocean Race: Dongfeng Race Team - Leg Two review
Extreme Sailing Series: Alinghi crowned 2014 and Sydney champions
Extreme Sailing Series -Sydney Land Rover recognises talent
ISAF Sailing World Cup Melbourne - Medal Race Images
Extreme Sailing Series: Alinghi dons ESS Crown, Oman Air wins award
18ft Skiffs: Rooklyn scores win in Syd. Barnett Jr. Memorial Trophy
ISAF Sailing World Cup: Fan cranks up for final Melbourne day + Videos
Miami Star Winter Series - Commodores Cup Day 1
Extreme Sailing Series: Delayed coverage - Day 4 +Audio *Feature
Volvo Ocean Race - Dongfeng score another excellent result
Audi Melges 20 Miami Winter Series - Fleet rumbles in Miami
Extreme Sailing Series - The Wave, Muscat see championship bid slip
2014 RORC Transatlantic Race - From acorns grow oaks
Volvo Ocean Race - Team Brunel (NED) wins Leg 2   
2014 RORC Transatlantic Race - Oakcliff Ocean Racing Team wins   
Extreme Sailing Series: Day 3 image gallery from Sydney Harbour *Feature   
The Extreme Sailing Series™ - Action-packed day on Sydney Harbour   
Early Christmas presents for ISAF Sailing World Cup medallists + Video   
Volvo Ocean Race: Leg 2 finish - Team Brunel wins from Dongfeng *Feature   
Audi Melges 20 Miami Winter Series - Day 1 overall   
2014/2015 Audi Melges 20 Miami Winter Series - Images by Joy Dunigan   
Extreme Sailing Series: Live coverage - Day 3 +Audio *Feature   
St. Maarten Heineken Regatta kicks off with successful sponsor party   
Successful seventh edition of 2014 World Yacht Racing Forum   
2014 Star Sailors League Finals - Catching up with Robert Stanjek   
2014 ISAF Sailing World Cup - Melbourne - Day 6 Preview   
Extreme Sailing Series - Act 8 Photos and season highs and lows video   
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 Leg Two - Final fight to the finish + Video   
Extreme Sailing Series Act 8 - McMillan tops table in Sydney + Video   
Anna Tunnicliffe: Alinghi - Day 2: Extreme Sailing Series, Sydney   
ISAF SWC Melbourne - Top ten prepare for Port Phillip showdown + Video   
Extreme Sailing Series Act Eight 2014 – Photos by Andrea Francolini   
Volvo Ocean Race: Three way alley-brawl on final day of Leg 2 *Feature   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT