sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery
Sail-World.com : Five rough weather sailing tips for balance and control
Five rough weather sailing tips for balance and control


'Having your rail in the water might look exciting, but it isn’t fast sailing'    .

Learn to sail with ease by maintaining just the right amount of weather helm on your boat. Too much and you will fight the helm with 'white fisted' effort that will wear you down and slow the boat. Too little weather helm makes the boat feel lifeless. Put the following advice into play for more speed, power and performance.

Keep the rail clear of the water. Friction causes the boat to slow and pivot toward the wind. Follow the five tier strategy below to pump up sail power and performance.

Sail to windward and you will feel the tug on your sailboat wheel or tiller. You want your boat to head toward the wind just a bit--called 'weather helm'--so that it has a feel to the helm.

As the wind increases and the boat begins to heel, the boat will want to 'round up' toward the high side--or windward side. Weather helm increases as heeling increases.

Heeled way over with crews hiked out to windward and the rail in the water may look like fun--and it can be. But, it's not efficient. Flatter boats are faster boats. Dig the leeward rail beneath the waves and you can bet that you will slow down and your weather helm will increase.

Digging the rail into the water increases hull friction and causes the boat to want to pivot toward the wind. This results in a 'two-fister' helm you have to fight to keep on course. Steer like this for a while and even the best helmsman will wear down in no time.

You want to reduce or reef sails early enough to keep the boat sailing with minimum heel. This action will flatten the boat, decrease the amount of steering necessary to keep on a sailing course, and increase sailing performance (forward drive and speed).

Famous sailor and author John Rousmaniere states that about 3° should be the maximum off-center that a wheel or tiller should be held. Use this as a benchmark; some boats may require a bit more than this. But in any event, the helm should feel light and it should be easy to maintain the sailing course with just fingertip pressure. This applies in all weather--from the lightest zephyr to extreme conditions.

A light touch should be all that is necessary -  .. .  


Now to the five tips - Fast sail trim with a 5-tier strategy:

Reduce weather helm and heeling with this five tier strategy. Follow the order of the tier or find the best mix to keep your sailboat weather helm right for your boat. Jump over steps of the tier as necessary to meet the conditions at your location.

1. Increase weight to windward.

Depending on what kind of boat you have, move your crew to windward to reduce heeling and flatten the boat. This may be harder with short-handed crews. Go to the next steps.

2. Ease the Mainsheet and Genoa sheets.

Crack off on the mainsheet and Genoa sheets an inch or two. This opens the top of the sail (called 'twist'), to dump high velocity wind up high. As the wind increases, go to the next step.

3. Slide the Mainsheet Car to Leeward.

Use this often-forgotten strategy to de-power the mainsail further. Racing sailors will often keep the mainsheet trimmed, but ease the car along the traveler track as the wind increases. This keeps the leech trimmed and the boat driving.

4. Move Genoa Sheet Blocks Aft.
Tension the foot of the Genoa to twist the top of the Genoa. Slide the block aft to do this. Keep the top of the Genoa open to maintain forward drive. (Note: roller furling raises the clew as you furl. You will need to move the block forward as you furl to keep the leech under control).

5. Reduce Sail Area (reefing; smaller headsail).
We've all heard the 'reef when you first think about it' rule. Not many actions balance a boat faster than reefing. Think of reefing as a balancing tactic, not a heavy weather strategy. Remember that most roller furling sails are not meant to be flown in heavy weather. Work out a system now so that you can hoist a smaller hank-on headsail in high wind conditions.

You will improve your sailing performance when you reduce weather helm and trim your sails to meet the conditions at hand. Sail faster and gain more power when you sail your sailboat flatter--wherever in the world you choose to go sailing!

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

John Jamieson (Captain John) with 25+ years of experience shows you the no-nonsense cruising skills you need for safer sailing worldwide. Visit his website at www.skippertips.com. Sign up for the Free, highly popular weekly 'Captain John's Sailing Tip-of-the-Week'. Discover how you can gain instant access to hundreds of sailing articles, videos, and e-Books!


by John Jamieson

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=112175

9:04 PM Fri 19 Jul 2013GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.







News - USA and the World







ISAF Sailing Worlds, Santander - Strong competition for RS:X fleets by Olga Maslivets, International RS:X Class Assoc.,
































470 Men and Women Worlds - Game on for Olympic Qualification by 470 International Association Class,












A complete recap of the most successful Melges 20 World Championship by International Audi Melges 20 Class Association,




ISAF Santander - Upwards path for Austrian women's 470 crew + video by Luissa Smith, International 470 Class Association,












ISAF Sailing World Championships - Day 4 images from Santander
ISAF Sailing Worlds, Santander: Emerging Nations Program sailors shine
ISAF Sailing Worlds, Santander - Teasing winds play havoc on day 4
ISAF Sailing World Championships: Hot conditions in Santander on day 4
Santander ISAF Sailing World Championships joins Bart’s Bash
PWA Cold Hawaii World Cup - Grounded fishing boat creates problems
Marseille One Design - GC32 Armin Strom Sailing Team emerge victorious
Rolex Big Boat Series 2014 - Ready for another 50 years
2014 Rolex Big Boat Series - Farr 40 Day 4
2014 Rolex Swan Cup - Eleventh-hour victories
Extreme Sailing Series - Kiwis clinch Act win in Istanbul + Video
2014 Rolex Big Boat Series - Two long races today for the J70 fleet
2014 Rolex Big Boat Series - Impressive to sail out of the Golden Gate
Extreme Sailing Series - Istanbul delivers four days of great racing
ISAF Sailing Worlds Santander - Day 3 images by Sail-World.com
Extreme Sailing Series: Emirates Team NZ bounces back for series win
Santander 2014 ISAF Worlds - Light winds and current test six classes
ISAF Sailing World Championships - Solid Day 3 for US Sailing Team
ISAF Sailing World Championships - Day 3 images by Jesus Renedo
Marseille One Design 2014 - GC32 Armin Strom blitzes final day
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 - Una Etapa 0 complicada para todos   
Santander 49ers: Olympic Gold Medallist says two into 90 does not go!! *Feature   
GBR aiming for first ever Nacra 17 Games berth at Santander Worlds   
Volvo Ocean Race: Man and sail overboard as Leg 0 serves up drama   
ISAF Sailing World Championships Santander 2014 – Images by Dan Ibsen   
Santander Worlds – already a spectator success   
ISAF Sailing World Championships Santander 2014 - Day 3 morning report   
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 - Tales from the extreme   
Volvo Ocean Race: Latest starter wins opening race   
2014 J/70 World Championship - Healy, Abdullah, Becker and Borges win   
2014 Rolex Big Boat Series - Full-blown, once again   
ISAF Worlds - Americans jump up Laser and Laser Radial leaderboard   
2014 Rolex Big Boat Series - Farr 40 Day 3   
ISAF Sailing World Championships - Day 2 images from Sail-World.com   
America's Cup: Luna Rossa sailing with two foiling AC45's + Video   
Extreme Sailing: Emirates Team NZ retain second overall   
ISAF Sailing Worlds, Santander - Rio Olympic Laser spots snapped up   
Rolex Swan Cup - All set for final showdown   
Upper Midwest sailors need help to take it to the next level   
ISAF Sailing World Championships - RS:X action begins in Santander   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT