sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery

 

Sail-World.com : America's Cup: Oracle Racing News - Edition 9 - Media Trials Update

America's Cup: Oracle Racing News - Edition 9 - Media Trials Update

'ORACLE Racing - ORACLE Racing AC45 Sea trials'    Gilles Martin-Raget/Oracle Racing.com ©    Click Here to view large photo

Oracle Racing's newsletter for 09 May 2011 covering the latest entries and America's Cup World Series and more.

If you have a problem seeing this message, click here
Monday, May 09, 2011
34th AMERICA'S CUP

America's Cup to revolutionize live sports coverage

Source: America’s Cup Comms // May 7, 2011

Not widely considered an extreme sport, sailing is about to gain a new whole audience as the new America’s Cup reveals just how heart-pounding and dangerous the sport can be.

ORACLE Racing video: America’s Cup Television – Testing in Auckland

Connecting viewers to the racing in ways not previously possible, the America’s Cup will transform the way people see the sport. With breakthrough graphics, athlete’s view cameras and onboard microphones, viewers will see and hear the quick decisions being made, the athleticism of the sailors, the raw power of the boats – live, as the teams fly over the water as speeds of up to 35 mph.

“Extreme sport lovers will flock to this new America’s Cup because of the broadcast,” said Richard Worth, Chairman, America’s Cup Event Authority (ACEA). “From heart-pounding maneuvers at breakneck speeds to capsizes that result in two-story falls for the athletes, viewers will not just see the action, they will feel like they are right in it.”

The backbone of this new experience is also a breakthrough in sports broadcasting – augmented reality from a helicopter. This will be the first time live graphic insertions have been done from a moving platform.

Read the full article: America’s Cup to revolutionize live sports coverage
Related article: Over and out
Photo: Gilles Martin-Raget

 

New race technology could change America’s Cup

Source: Radio New Zealand // May 6, 2011

Pre-race briefings for sailors are generally about weather conditions and other housekeeping, but for the America’s Cup teams testing their new catamarans on the Waitemata Harbor, there’s now much more.

The yellow light is a limit warning, so when a boat gets within 150 meters of the limit, you get ….

Satellite technology transmits their boat’s positions to shore, where umpires make the calls on right-of-way or out-of-bounds and send warnings to the boats. It’s part of a host of cutting-edge technologies being tried out by the organization which will run the cup in San Francisco.

Radio New Zealand report: New race technology could change America’s Cup

 

A match for anybody

By Matthew Sheahan, Yachting World // May 3, 2011

Having seen what Oracle's wing masted 90ft trimaran could do when it came to turning sharp corners, as well as having spoken to some of the few sailors who have used a solid wing sail, it has been clear that this configuration has the potential to produce a new style of boat on boat action and raise the bar to an entirely new level.

One of the latest videos to come out of the Oracle camp is surely proof. Take a look and try and tell me that the pre-starts aren't going to be full on and exciting.

Watch the video: Match racing pre-start between ORACLE Racing and Artemis Racing

The fact is we are about to enter a whole new world where we simply don't yet know what we don't know.

Link to full article: A match for anybody
Photo: Gilles Martin-Raget

 

Faster, slicker and more fun to watch

By Dana Johannsen, New Zealand Herald // May 7, 2011

When ORACLE Racing chief executive Russell Coutts unveiled his plans for the 34th America's Cup, he promised an event that would appeal to the Facebook generation rather than the Flintstone generation.

He wanted to abandon the image of sailing being the domain of stuffy rich men in blazers he said, flanked by some nervous looking men in blazers.

Watch the video: Dean Barker, Adrenaline sailing

His plans included a move from traditional monohulls to ultra-high-tech wing-sailed catamarans, aimed at producing faster, more action-packed racing to appeal to a wider audience.

Over the last two weeks his bold vision for the America's Cup has been taking shape on the waters off Auckland with organisers testing innovations that will be used during the lead-up world series and the event proper in 2013.

It's a brave new world with magic buttons, shore-based television umpires, race officials on jet-skis, super-high-tech tracking equipment and on-board cameramen.

Read the full article: Faster, slicker and more fun to watch
Related article: Boats not the only change to America’s Cup

 

No sacred cows: Win the day, not the race?

By Kimball Livingston, BluePlanetTimes // May 5, 2011

With history’s second prolonged, spirit-killing America’s Cup court battle still ebbing from the collective bloodstream, I can honestly say that I’ve never seen the future of America’s Cup racing more in play. And with it, the future of the sport.

Love it or leave it, and yes, you can sail happily every day and never need to think about it, the America’s Cup is our signature event, our face to the world. And the people creating AC34 would not be who and what they are if they were risk averse. So I put the question to Iain Murray about this TV-friendly 45-minute limit on races—might that be expanded when we get to the America’s Cup finals, I asked—and the CEO of America’s Cup Race Management replied:

“I’m keeping an open mind. Originally I had thought an America’s Cup race might be 60 minutes, or 90 minutes, but there’s no magic in those numbers. In our trials sailing here in Auckland we’ve settled nicely into 20-minute races. It shows us that we could take the route of tennis and push three races into whatever time period we select for the racing. That would be a different way to decide the day.

“America’s Cup 34 is a work in progress.”

Link to full article: No sacred cows: Win the day, not the race?

 

A first look at America’s Cup 2.0

By Stuart Streuli, Sailing World // May 6, 2011

In developing a system which will allow graphic elements to be overlaid onto live video, Stan Honey said that he and his team are not only breaking new ground for the sport of sailing, but for sports coverage in general. As the mind behind the glowing hockey puck, the National Football League’s first down line, and the pop-up info boxes for NASCAR broadcasts, Honey knows more than a little bit about forging new electronic trail.

“The thing that makes it difficult for this sport, is that unlike other sports, where those graphic insertions on cameras on tripods,” said Honey, during a May 6 media briefing on the test events being run by the America’s Cup Event Authority on New Zealand's Hauraki Gulf. “The beauty of tripods is you know where they are and they stay where you put them, and it’s relatively easy to measure the angle of the camera relative to the tripod. In this system the enormously difficult thing that we’re solving is that the camera is in the helicopter so we have to accurately measure the location of the helicopter and the attitude of the helicopter to have the graphics be in the right place. I think it’s pretty clear that we’re going to be able to make that work. We’ve had some wrinkles and it’s a work in progress, but it was very encouraging yesterday that the fundamental precision of our ability to measure the location and attitude of the helicopter and the location and attitude of the boats can support that application.”

Gary Lovejoy, the Director of America’s Cup TV, was equally pleased with the initial efforts of his team. “We plugged it in and it played,” said Lovejoy. “That goes for all of the different elements we want to bring to our coverage.

Link to full article: First look at America’s Cup 2.0

TEAM NEWS

Solid wings and flying hulls

By Matthew Sheahan, Yachting World // May 5, 2011

As I stepped off Oracle White, (Jimmy Spithill's boat as opposed to Russell Coutts' Oracle Black), into the team's support RIB, the first thing to strike me was how fortunate I had been in bagging the only part of the day so far where there had been a decent breeze. Keen to quantify just how brave I'd been, I asked one of the support crew what the wind speed had been during our race.

"Much as it is now", came the reply. "Around 8 knots max."

Watch the video: Matthew Sheahan onboard the AC45

This was not the answer I was expecting and somehow I felt as if my balloon had been burst. I could have sworn it was breezier as we had blasted around the short and unconventional race course, flying a hull like a teenager pulling wheelies in a shopping centre precinct.

The hum from the daggerboards, the speed with which the water was passing below as our windward hull flew above the water's surface and the relentless apparent breeze that forced tears from my eyes as we scorched around the course at double figure speeds, suggested that there was plenty of breeze. Yet the fact was that we had been a long way from the edge with barely enough wind to start a race for the previous generation of Cup monohulls, just 8 knots of true wind.

To those more used to monohulls, sailing the new breed of wing masted, supercharged AC45 multihulls is a disorientating yet thrilling experience and one that is completely addictive. Add to this the unconventional courses that are being experimented with and it's easy to see why those involved are so excited at the prospect of what might be in store for the coming season.

Read the full article: Solid wings and flying hulls

 

A trove of videos

The ORACLE Racing YouTube channel saw large traffic during the America’s Cup pre-season trials in Auckland the past two weeks. Two videos in particular – Match race pre-start and Going, going, going … gone – have been viewed more than 52,000 times combined. Be sure to bookmark the page for exciting videos from the ORACLE Racing Communications team.

Go to: ORACLE Racing YouTube channel

 

Pre-season trials wrap in Auckland

By Sean McNeill, ORACLE Racing Comms // May 7, 2011

When the 34th America’s Cup is chronicled sometime in late 2013 the past two weeks in Auckland, New Zealand, may well be regarded as a very significant period in the history of the nearly 160-year-old event.

The America’s Cup Race Management and America’s Cup Event Authority concluded their two-week pre-season testing period with many boxes checked, such as digital (text) communications with the sailors, experimental racecourses, umpiring and penalty systems, and revolutionary television graphics.

Watch the video: America’s Cup television testing in Auckland

Of course, that means many more items have been placed on the “to do” list, but there’s no mistaking the significance of what’s been achieved in the past weeks and months.

“When I look at what’s been achieved, we’ve launched a fantastic new boat, the AC45, we’ve got a number of teams down here racing, and we’ve got some of the best technology that I’ve ever seen in the sport in terms of television now starting to work, and we’ve launched a new World Series and we’re about to go compete in that for first time in America’s Cup history,” said Russell Coutts, CEO of ORACLE Racing.

View the photo gallery: A breezy conclusion

“I think we’re going to see improvements right the way through,” said Coutts. “We’re never going to be content with this until we have a fantastic America’s Cup in 2013.”

Link to full article: Pre-season trials wrap in Auckland
Photos: Gilles Martin-Raget

THE CHALLENGERS' FILES

Venezia Challenge goes ahead

Source: Venezia Challenge // May 5, 2011

Milan, 5 May 2011 – Venezia Challenge Srl, the proprietor company of Venezia Challenge, founded and owned in equal shares by Carlo Magna and Emanuela Pulcino, announces that payment of the 200,000 dollars performance bond has been sent to the 34th America’s Cup Event Authority (ACEA). The bond is to guarantee participation in the America’s Cup.

This is the second milestone in the buildup toward the upcoming first America’s Cup World Series (ACWS), following the first payment of $25,000, fulfilled on the 28th of March. It signals the concrete intention of Venezia Challenge to begin in earnest their campaign. The process is underway to secure AC45 boat number 7, due to be delivered in Auckland on the 8th of May.

The AC45 is the one design catamaran that will be used in the first America’s Cup World Series as an equal platform for all the teams.

For the second America’s Cup World Series, beginning mid 2012, racing will be in AC72 class yachts. These catamarans will be 72 feet long, designed and built by each team. The AC72 will also be used in the Louis Vuitton Cup (Challenger Selection Series – CSS) and the America’s Cup Match in 2013.

Once delivered, the AC45 will be rigged and immediately transported to Europe where Venezia Challenge will prepare for the first ACWS event in Cascais.

Visit the team website: Venezia Challenge

 

Follow ORACLE Racing
Online at: www.oracleracing.com ¦ www.oracleracing.com/blog    




by Oracle Racing Media

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=83304

12:10 AM Tue 10 May 2011 GMT






Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
2013 America's Cup

Related News Stories:

29 Sep 2014  America's Cup: Oracle Team USA's AC72 takes to the streets
27 Sep 2014  America's Cup: Then and now - Coutts on why Oracle won, and the Venue
09 Aug 2014  America's Cup: Former Artemis crew member says danger is being ignored
27 May 2014  America's Cup: Oracle Team USA under stress
23 May 2014  America's Cup: Oracle and Team NZ designers reveal AC72 secrets
22 May 2014  America's Cup: Artemis death verdict 'result of an human act'
10 May 2014  A year after the Artemis incident, the sailors tell of the pain
01 May 2014  America's Cup: Oracle and Team NZ tech insights - Free lecture tonight
16 Apr 2014  America's Cup: Expected de Ridder penalty should be reduced
14 Apr 2014  America's Cup: Dean Barker's Blog - A sail with the Duke and Duchess
MORE STORIES ...

News - USA and the World

It has been an interesting journey so far for the Chinese team in the Volvo Ocean Race, Dongfeng Race Team. Approximately 10 months ago this team set out on a mission to select and train Chinese recruits in the hope that they would be ‘race ready’ for the start of leg 1 of the Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race fans can now carry the world’s toughest ocean race in their pocket, thanks to the launch of a new official mobile app. Developed for both iOS and Android systems, the app is available for download from the App Store and Google Play now – and boasts a host of exciting features which will allow users to be closer to the on-water adventure than ever before. ... [more]  

Race teams planning next season’s calendar could do worse than sign up for the Mount Gay Round Barbados Race Series 2015 which runs from 16-24 January. This event, which kick starts the Caribbean race season, was re-launched in 2014 with a new race format and plenty of record-breaking opportunities. It proved such a success that an even bigger entry is expected in 2015. ... [more]  

Photographer Eugenia Bakunova of leading Russian website www.mainsail.ru was on the water at Les Voiles de Saint Tropez on the French Riveria , and provided this gallery of images of the classics and other yachts racing ... [more]  

Sunset+Vine|APP, the Oxford-based unit of the multi-award winning UK independent TV sports production and media company Sunset+Vine, has helped ISAF smash all previous broadcaster records for the recent Santander 2014 ISAF Sailing World Championships. ... [more]  

2014 ISAF Sailing World Cup - Melbourne - Don’t forget to enter the ISAF Sailing World Cup – Melbourne. There are only two days left to take advantage of the discounted entry price offer. ... [more]  

2014 12 Metre North American Championships - Two days of a northerly (first strong, then light) and one day of a building southwesterly put six 12 Metre yachts to the test at their North American Championships, which were held off Newport, R.I. over September 26-28. Gunther Buerman’s (Newport, R.I.) KZ-3 and Dennis Williams’ (Hobe Sound, Fla.) Victory ’83 defended their titles ... [more]  

After Gmunden, Austria, in 2011 and Cala de' Medici, Italy, in 2012 and after a pained second place, same points with the Portogues 'Credite Egs' in Portosin, Spain, last year, the Italian crew coming from Puglia 'Euz II Monella Vagabonda', with Sandro Montefusco at the helm and his brother Paolo as a tactician, confirms for the third time the Platu 25 World Championship title. ... [more]  

Carlo Borlenghi was on deck for the first day of competition at Les Voiles de Saint-Tropez to capture these images. ... [more]  

Photographer Ingrid Abery was on site for day one of racing at the 2014 Les Voiles de Saint Tropez to capture these images. ... [more]  

The final day of the 2014 U.S. Team Racing Championship ended up being a half day of sailing due to a complete shutdown of the wind. However, the fleet completed enough races to count Gold Round Robin 3 and crown Ladies and Gentlemen as the back-to-back Team Racing Champions. ... [more]  

Michigan, the Great Lakes State, was a fitting location as The National Sailing Hall of Fame (NSHOF) gathered for the fourth time in the organization’s history to fulfill its mission to recognize Americans who have made outstanding contributions to the sport of sailing. ... [more]  

The International Sailing Federation (ISAF) has published guidelines for candidates bidding to host the 2016 ISAF Youth Match Racing World Championship. Bids to host the 2016 ISAF Youth Match Racing Worlds must be received by Friday 24 October 2014. ... [more]  

The onboard medic-sailors competing in the upcoming Volvo Ocean Race have completed their last medical training. More than a basic first aid refresher course, the mandatory medical training each Volvo Ocean Race team had to carry out in the last few months and days are key to survival while at sea. ... [more]  

Erik Simonson was on the water at 2014 Melges 20 Pacific Coast Championship to capture these images. ... [more]  

2014 J/105 North American Championship - Light air ruled the J/105 North American Championship hosted by Royal Canadian Yacht Club in Toronto, Ontario, Canada—and so did Rod Wilmer and Terry McLaughlin on Mandate. ... [more]  

The Extreme Sailing Series event in Istanbul seems to have only just finished, but already the containers are in the Ville de Nice set to gear up for this weeks penultimate regatta. Peter Burling and Blair Tuke are back onboard this week, fresh from their 49er World Championship win and looking to make it two wins from two events for Emirates Team New Zealand on the ?Extreme Sailing Series ... [more]  

2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - In Sunday’s final matches in the Buddy Melges Challenge, Stephanie Roble and Lotte Meldgaard Pedersen showed the crowds on the bluffs of Lake Michigan how top class match racing should be sailed. It took five absolutely thrilling matches for the Danish crew to secure their first WIM Series event victory since last summer’s Danish Open. ... [more]  

America's Cup: Oracle Team USA's AC72 takes to the streets by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
Oracle Team USA's winning AC72 takes to the streets of San Francisco, one year on from the Team's successful Defence of the America's Cup. This week the AC72 catamaran Oracle Team USA raced to victory is going to be a special guest at Oracle OpenWorld 2014 in San Francisco. ... [more]  

Matches between the world’s top two match racing skippers are always aggressive affairs on the Alpari World Match Racing Tour (AWMRT). In the pre-start of the first match, Canfield stuck two penalties on Williams, leaving the British boat playing catch-up. ... [more]  

Pantaenius, the world’s leading specialist yacht insurance company, has been at the forefront of yacht insurance for more than 40 years, earning a reputation for transparency and commitment to customer service that provides round-the-clock international support and reliable, speedy claims settlement. ... [more]  

What a great day for kiting at Kite Foil Gold Cup Australia 2014! 10-15 knot North Easterly and slight seas. Kites zooming around like supersonic mosquitoes but mosquitoes buzz whereas foiling kites are completely silent! ... [more]  

At the time that we are writing this, it is almost exactly a week since the first race took place at Wakatere Boating Club in New Zealand, followed by hundreds of races across the globe that we have been told attracted record numbers of sailors to your clubs ... [more]  

2014 U.S. Team Racing Championship - It was a picturesque day on Marblehead Harbor with plenty of sunshine for the second day of the U.S. Team Racing Championship. Once again, a lack of consistent breeze made for a challenging day for the Race Committee, umpires and competitors. Nevertheless, PRO Susie Schneider and her team were able to complete Round Robin One ... [more]  

2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - Saturday’s racing in the Buddy Melges Challenge on Lake Michigan, USA, saw more breeze than ever before during the week. Stephanie Roble used her local knowledge to show a clean sheet for the day, going in to Sunday’s conclusion with a one – zero lead over Lotte Meldgaard Pedersen in the final, sailed as a best of five match series. ... [more]  

2014 U.S. Adult Sailing Championship - A balanced field and limited racing usually leads to close races and a crowded leaderboard. This was the situation on Eagle Mountain Lake for the last day at the U.S. Adult Championship, hosted by Fort Worth Boat Club. ... [more]  

2014 J/105 North American Championship - Five races are now in the books, and just three points separate the top three teams at the J/105 North American Championship hosted by Royal Canadian Yacht Club in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... [more]  

Photographer Eugenia Bakunova of leading Russian website www.mainsail.ru was on the water at the 36th edition of the Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai, and provided this gallery of images of the classics racing off Cannes. ... [more]  

Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai: Cannes at its best by Eugenia Bakunova, www.mainsail.ru
The 36th edition of the Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai drew to a close on Saturday. Photographer Eugenia Bakunova was on the water at the 36th edition of the Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai, and provided this second gallery of images of the classics racing off Cannes. ... [more]  

David Gilmour was the only skipper to keep a clean sheet in today’s light-air action at the Dutch Match Cup in Lelystad. Team Gilmour swept aside their fellow Western Australians in a 3-0 Quarter Final against Keith Swinton and Team Alpari FX. The young Aussies then took the first match of their Semi-Final against the reigning ISAF World Champions, Taylor Canfield and US One. ... [more]  

Ian Williams and his GAC Pindar crew responded to a challenging qualifying session on Friday in Lelystad, to win a tense quarter-final against Phil Robertson (WAKA Racing), 3-2 and book a fifth consecutive semi-final in the Alpari World Match Racing Tour at the Dutch Match Cup. ... [more]  

The 44th Hobie 16 North American championships concluded on Friday with Jason Hess and Irene Abascal from Club Los Sauces, Guatemala taking the title. Mark and Grace Modderman from Long Branch, New Jersey followed in seond place and Pedro Colon and Monica Cabrera from Puerto Rico in third winning the tie break over Dan Borg and Liana Giovana from Canada. ... [more]  

The seven One Design VOR 65s were built by a consortium led by Green Marine in the UK. The first of those for the Team SCA women wad delivered in October 2013, the last was supplied to Team Vestas Wind in August 2014. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 10 days to go – Frostad on cultural change (Part I) *Feature
2014-15 Volvo Ocean Race on NBC Sports Network in the U.S.
2014 J/24 World Championship - Will Welles’ Cougar clinches
2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - Meldgaard and Le Berre ready for semis
2014 U.S. Adult Sailing Championship - Day 3
2014 U.S. Team Racing Championship - Day 1 + Video
America's Cup: Then and now - Coutts on why Oracle won, and the Venue
Byte CII World Sailing Championship comes to Royal Varuna, Thailand
Dutch Match Cup: Canfield wins Qualifying, six set for Quarters battle
12 Metre North Americans - A blast from the America’s Cup past
2015 ISAF Sailing World Cup qualification system published
Volvo Ocean Race: Mapfre named as Spanish team sponsor + Video
Extreme Sailing Series returns to Nice for the penultimate Act of 2014
ISAF invites bids for 2016 Women's Match Racing World Championship
2014 ISAF Sailing World Cup, Melbourne - Teaming up
Mascalzone Latino Jr. named 2014 Melges 20 European Ranking Champion
2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - Le Berre keeps winning in Sheboygan
Hobie 16 Open North American Champ and Pan Am Games Qualifier - Day 4
2014 U.S. Adult Sailing Championship - Day 2
J/105 North Americans - Wilmer and McLaughlin master light conditions
J/24 World Championship - Will Welles hangs on going into last day   
Open 2.4mR World Championship on the horizon   
Bart's Bash - Top photographers gain special entry   
Platu 25 Worlds - EUZ II Monella Vagabonda is still leading in France   
St. Barth Cata Cup - Olympic duel on the island   
Dutch Match Cup - High winds and big wipeouts in Lelystad   
Route du Rhum - Yann Guichard to sail Spindrift 2 solo   
Mirabaud Yacht Racing Image - Best sailing photo of the year sought   
Volvo Ocean Race - Yann Riou, getting you up close and personal   
Marseille One Design concludes GC32 racing season + Video   
World Yacht Racing Forum - Seventh edition to take place in Barcelona   
Record number of entries for the Sailing Champions League   
Platu 25 World Championship - Euz II Monella Vagabonda still leading   
Rolex Middle Sea Race Record - A possibility for Esimit Europa 2   
Richmond Yacht Club's International 14 Nationals: Return of 14 footers   
Buddy Melges Challenge - Le Berre leading, undefeated, in Sheboygan   
2014 J/24 World Championship - Will Welles holds advantage   
Etchells Lobster Bowl Regatta - Rob Hitchcock overall winner   
US Wabbit Nationals at Richmond YC   
YCs of Long Beach Charity Regatta - Local area sailors turn out   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT