sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery

 

Sail-World.com : Sail Rigging for Short Handed Cruising

Sail Rigging for Short Handed Cruising

'Multiple Purpose Sail (MPS)'   
Hood Sail’s Ian Broad, veteran of many years assistance in the design of cruising sails, here describes the theory behind setting up a Peterson 46 for a short-handed world circumnavigation. All of the theory, and much of the specific information would apply to any yacht.

When we started long range cruising, we were (and still are) a two handed crew – and one, being female, is pretty damn weak about the biceps.  We had already chosen Blackwattle, a  Peterson 46.  She was cutter rigged, an obvious solution to making the sails easier to handle, but what was going to be the most successful sail solution for our planned circumnavigation?

Well, we knew what we wanted to achieve – that was the easy part:

1. Being short handed and wanting to rest off duty crew means that the boat mostly sails with a crew of one.  So, we don’t want to be taking sails down and putting them up again with any frequency.  In short, it’s more important to rest the crew (so that they will be rested if there IS an emergency) than it is to go fast. This means we want sails that will cover all our needs and be controllable easily by one person.
2. BUT we cannot return to the marina to get a sail fixed at the end of the day (maybe not for 10 days – or even three months), so we definitely need sails that will LAST the distance.   We don’t want ANY chafe.
3. We also want to be able to reef easily, at a moments notice, and reef with just one crew at the mast.  Ideally we want to be able to reef the boat single-handed.
4. We definitely do NOT want to have the mainsail jam while trying to take it down – short-handed issue again. 
5. For space and weight reasons, we are only carrying one set of sails, so they had better be good – strong and trouble-proof.  
6. There are times of very light weather, and times of gales, so we need a 'one-stop' solution for all weathers.

These are the goals that we didn’t need to explain to Ian Broad of Hood Sails when we first consulted him.  Broadie said for what we intended to do we needed a minimum of working sails that are easy to handle. We probably needed a dedicated sail for VERY light wind, and maybe we should have another track on the mast for the storm trysail.



This week Sail-World’s Rob Kothe asked Broadie to describe the theory he used when putting our sail plan together – and here was his rationale, which can be applied, with variations, to any short-handed boat:

‘We made them a new mainsail with a radial head and full length battens. It is loose footed, and has batcars. It also had a large 2-ply clew area, which took into account where the reefs go. The reef rings were EXTERNAL TO THE SAIL to stop any chafe where the reef line goes through and around the leech. It is also lighter and stronger. It has a large 2-ply area on the luff, extending to cover the reef points from the tack.

‘We made the reefs on the main a lot further apart than normal so that when they decide to put a reef in, they go from a full main to quite a reefed main and then to a big reef. When the breeze increases it often increases enough to make the mainsail need to be a lot smaller, quite a lot smaller.

‘Remember I said we put the reefing rings external to the leech so the actual reef line goes through the external ring and not through a ring in the sail, this keeps the reef line well away from the actual back edge of the sail so it’s not chafing on the leech and it does not compress the reefed sail between it and the boom - which causes bruising of the fabric. This is very important. Sailing a boat non-stop for 168 hours a week is somewhat different to sailing it for a few hours racing at the weekend, and you can’t call the sail maker on Monday morning to repair it.

‘For strength and long wearing ability, the seams have two rows of triple stitching. We put the chafe protection on each seam which is a ‘paint-on’ - we call it Duraseam. We paint it on to the seams to stop them chafing.

‘All the batten pockets were double reinforced. We used the proper vinyl ester battens, not just the stock batten for them. They have batten protectors at the leech and, having used batcars, the battens are fully enclosed in the plastic structure. The battens are installed and removed from the luff end of the sail.

Blackwattle sailing with the yankee -    

‘They had a big overlapping headsail, which habitually caught on the inner forestay during a tack, requiring someone often to have to go for’d to ease the sail around. We changed that to a Yankee. A yankee is a shorter on the foot, higher-clued sail, which made it easier for tacking. The yankee is also ideal when reaching in a seaway, as the clew and the foot do not touch the water when the boat is heeled.

‘We made a new staysail to fit underneath that one. Both the Yankee and the staysail are on furlers. For a boat that is sailing shorthanded just a few sails cover quite a big range. Both the yankee and the staysail were made with luff pads, which allows the sail to retain its shape when it is partially furled. When they wanted to go from a light wind to a medium wind they’ve got the main the Yankee and the staysail up. Then if it gets a bit fresher they could take the staysail down, and if it got fresher still they could furl the yankee and unfurl the staysail. With those three sails they can basically cover nearly all the wind conditions they are going to have.

‘For very much lighter winds when they want more horsepower, we made them what we call a multi-purpose spinnaker (MPS). For running square or ¾ they use the MPS. You can use the MPS like a headsail, with the tack taught, or like a normal spinnaker with both clew and tack free. But most of the time, the three sail solution will cover all needs.

In addition to the normal cruising sails, we made them a storm jib and a storm trysail. The storm jib was built to fit the inner forestay and because of the furling system it is necessary to use some judgement as to when to change from the staysail to the storm jib. This would normally be done as the weather builds on a bad forecast. The storm trysail can be fitted to the mast on its separate track prior to its actually being required.


Comment from Blackwattle:
Since leaving Sydney, we have now sailed about 12,000 miles to Turkey, and with the exception of extensive wear to the sunbrella cover of the staysail where the yankee sheet chafes (we should have had leather protection there we think), we have had hardly any damage to the sails in that time, even though conditions were at times quite tough for long periods.

The external reefing rings and batcars have been a dream, and the mainsail never falters. In addition, the reefing system devised by Broadie is very simple, and very easily achievable by one person. The yankee is easy to tack, and in combination with the matched staysail, it made the boat closer winded and slightly faster to windward. When square running with the yankee and the staysail to leeward, a well balanced situation results.

While we are highly critical in some areas of the work that was done on our boat prior to our departure from Sydney – incorrect installation and bad crimps etc , we have been delighted with the performance of the sails, and can only thank Broadie from Hood Sails Australia
for his knowledge and commonsense in assisting us with our preparations.

Hood Logo -    

If you would like information and quotes about your cruising sail needs, contact:
Hood Sail Cruising - Worldwide

Click Here to comment on this article




by Sail-World Cruising

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=22694

1:40 PM Sun 2 Apr 2006 GMT






Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
Practical

Related News Stories:

31 Jan 2014  Ten boat safety checks every skipper needs to make
05 Jan 2014  In-mast furling - is it the 'no-no' we've always believed?
13 Nov 2013  Product of the week: One Sailor MBS for single-handed docking
29 Oct 2013  Get your DSC-equipped VHF hooked up right
14 Oct 2013  Evolution Autopilot - top honours in Marine Electronics Awards
30 Sep 2013  Product of the Week: Safer and easier docking - SlideMoor
17 Sep 2013  Mountain bike torch great for tough sailing conditions
16 Sep 2013  Product of the Week: Drawer fridge for cool-keeping and accessibility
25 Aug 2013  Rig your own sailing boat? Yes, you can!
23 Aug 2013  Product of the Week: The LED ringed switch
MORE STORIES ...

News - USA and the World



































































Six Metre European Championship - High temps and little wind on day 3
Women’s Match Race Golfe du Morbihan - Light wind opener in Vannes
International Moth Worlds: Rashley ahead as Aussies close in
ISAF Youth Match Racing Worlds - American unbeatable on day 1
RS Feva World Championships - All set at Yacht Club de Carnac
ISAF Rolex World Sailor of the Year Awards - Nominations now open
BIC Techno 293 Worlds - Steady winds on day 2 + Video
29er North American Open Championship - Qualifying series wraps up
Opening ceremony O'pen Bic World Cup, Travemunde Week, Germany
Six Metre Europeans - Wind fails to make an appearance on day 2
Edgartown Race Weekend - Let the sailing (and good times) begin
ISAF Youth Match Racing World Championship - Action commences July 23
International Moth Worlds - Mothballed on day 4 + Video
Spirits high as Team Alvimedica completes Transatlantic crossing
Gladwell's Line: A change of direction needed in the America's Cup *Feature
29er North American Championship - Day 1 in Kingston
Red Bull 49erFX: First look at the Olympic sailing venue at Rio
Fuerteventura Kiteboarding Grand Slam - Classic conditions on day 3
NYYC Race Week Part II images by Rolex/Daniel Forster
Drowning or electric shock? What you need to know to help save a life
BIC Techno 293 Worlds 2014 - Day 1   
Six Metre European Championship - Blazing sunshine on opening day   
National Sailing Hall of Fame to present Lifetime Achievement Award   
International Moth Worlds: Greenhalgh and Rashley tied at the top   
PWA Pozo World Cup - Fantastic finale determines winners   
Six Metre Class British Open Championship - Llanoria and Valhalla win   
Anna Tunnicliffe set to compete at the CrossFit Games   
America's Cup: Oracle Team USA holds foiling camp at Wangi SC   
Volvo Ocean Race: Abu Dhabi OR completes double Atlantic crossing   
Volvo Ocean Race: Team SCA has a 'pull through day' off the Canaries   
No tiller sailing - how to steer using just the sails + Video   
International Moth Worlds: Three bullets in a row for Greenhalgh   
U.S. Junior Women’s Singlehanded Championship - Sophia Reineke wins   
BIC Techno 293 Worlds 2014 - Day 0 Opening   
Fuerteventura World Cup - Slalom action highlights day 2   
2014 Governor's Cup - Sam Gilmour of RFBYC victorious again   
Farr 40 West Coast Champ - Skipper Alberto Rossi leads Enfant Terrible   
Flying Dutchman World Championships - Magyars are the Masters   
Final day shakes up standings at Cape Panwa Hotel Phuket Raceweek   
2014 -15 Volvo Ocean Race: Team Alvimedica pushing towards Southampton   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT