sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery
Sail-World.com : Vendee Globe - Sympathy, shock and keels of steel + Video
Vendee Globe - Sympathy, shock and keels of steel + Video

'Virbac Paprec 3 - 2012 Vendee Globe'    Jean-Marie Liot / DPPI / Vendée Globe ©

In the Vendee Globe, despite losing his keel with 2,000 miles to the finish line in Les Sables d’Olonne, Jean-Pierre Dick (Virbac-Paprec 3) has not abandoned and is working out what to do next. 'The competitor and the sailor do not agree,' Dick said. 'Should I continue in a degraded state or abandon and go and hide in the Azores.'

Dick described what happened on Vendee Globe TV: 'It happened a little before midnight,' he said. 'There were already noises in the boat, rather strong and quite screeching. I thought it was the sound of keel jack but in fact the head of keel was already damaged. All of a sudden there was a popping noise. Fortunately, I was between the outside and inside, there were several squalls and then there was a new squall happening. The boat was lying on its side in a second I realised that the keel had broken. I was able to quickly get to the mainsail winch to ease the mainsail a little. The boat began to luff and went down quickly on the water. There was certainly a moment of doubt about the boat, luckily it did not flip over. After a few minutes I was able to ease the solent (sail) and furl it. The boat was safe enough to put in more ballast and take a risk and further reduce the canvas.

'It is a shame to lose the keel at this stage of the race. About the outcome, I do not know yet, we'll see what will happen if I continue running or not. Currently, I am still in the race, I did not give up. The mast is there, as are the sails, the boat floats and I took a little advice from a specialist in the field, called Marco (Guillemot). I called him and he gave me some tips. For now I have a lot of ballast filled in my boat and I think I'm in good conditions. The boat is safe enough not to capsize if there is gust of wind. It is always impressive is true but the boat always moves between 11 and 12 knots. We are going at least to the Azores at first.'

Marc Guillemot rewrote the rulebook and received a hero’s welcome at the finish after losing his keel with 1,000 miles to go. But like Dick, Roland Jourdain, was further from home, headed to the Azores and retired after losing his keel whilst clear in second place in the last edition in 2008-09.

Dick was still making good speed in the third place and continuing on his normal route in 16-18 northeasterlies, 200 miles ahead of Alex Thomson (Hugo Boss). But the challenge will come if he is faced with bigger winds and particularly rougher, cross seas, that he could face, especially in the Bay of Biscay.

The loss of Virbac-Paprec’s keel sparked shock and worry among the fleet and debate about the durability of these IMOCA Open 60 boats. It is not a new debate, but as each generation becomes faster and more powerful and at the same time seeks to pare down the weight, safety is ever more of an issue.


Jean-Pierre Dick fait l'état des lieux après la... by VendeeGlobeTV

'A fabricated keel has the life span of oneVendée Globe, period,' Mike Golding (Gamesa) told Vendee Globe TV. 'If it makes the finish it is a design success, if it breaks it is a design failure. Unfortunately we have seen far too many design failures with fabricated steel keels. I championed several years ago changing the rule when I was president of the (IMOCA) technical committee, I tried to change the rule to have forged steel keels, which is pretty much the only way of guaranteeing, well not guaranteeing, but reducing keel fatigue failures like this. Unfortunately the votes missed by three or four votes out of a hundred people, as a result we have still got the fabricated forged and carbon variations. For me I chose to switch to a carbon keel, so I’m on a carbon keel, theoretically if the carbon keel is good, it is good for the life of the boat, theoretically [laughs].'

Golding knows more than most about finishing a Vendée Globe without a keel, having become the first man to do it, in the 2004-05 edition, when he lost his keel with 50 miles to go to the finish line but still managed to finish third. But he did not sound optimistic for the chances of Dick’s more long range position. 'In 2005 I was 50 miles from the finish, my immediate reaction when I lost the keel was that this is the end of it, you cannot sail the boat,' he said. 'But quite quickly I worked out that with ballast I could sail the boat, and even though it was upwind to the finish, in fact it was nearer 90 miles by the time I sailed it, because I had to tack upwind to get to Les Sables d'Olonne, the boat will sail. But I think the real problem is it is quite different being close to the finish like that, and in the position where Jean-Pierre is, he is a long way out and a long way from the finish and the reality is the boat is not very safe without the keel.


Replay : le live du 22 by VendeeGlobeTV

'I think everyone will be looking down in their keel pits and making sure everything is the way, or at least looks the way it should be. The trouble with these fabricated steel failures is there is pretty much no warning, you don’t really see anything, you don’t hear anything, you don’t feel anything, and then right at the end it tends to fail, it tends to release, it bends massively before it breaks. Probably Jean-Pierre mentioned in his report he felt a gust of wind and he went out and checked the sails, the reality is I recall exactly the same experience, in hindsight I don’t think the wind increased at all, there was no gust, the keel was bending and then the bang is when it finally releases. So what happened to JP [Jean-Pierre] sounds extremely similar to what happened to me, I ended up quite confused about why the boat was heeling so much when the keel was seemingly in the right position.'

The skipper with most to gain from Dick’s loss, Alex Thomson, who should move up into third place in the next two days, expressed his sympathy and shock. He also called for changes to the IMOCA class. 'I am shocked and gutted at the news that JP Dick has lost his keel,' Thomson wrote.

'JP has sailed an awesome race and does not deserve this to happen to him. He has worked so hard and maintained his third position despite having to climb the mast countless times. I am thankful that it has happened here and not in the south although JP will have to go through some significant weather to get to the Azores, potentially up to 40 knots on the 26th.

Jean-Pierre Dick, Virbac Paprec 3 - 2012 Vendee Globe -  http://www.vendeeglobe.org/!©_Jean-Pierre_Dick_-_Paprec Virbac - Vendée Globe  
'I never thought we would see a keel failure on this race. IMOCA has of course a history with keel failures but I really thought all those problems were behind us. It will be interesting to review the failures of Virbac and Safran (Marc Guillemot’s boat which lost it’s titanium keel on the first night of this edition), both penned from the same designer (Verdier-VPLP) to see exactly why these failures have happened.

'When I joined the class in 2003, I was a little surprised that I had to change the keel on my first boat because it had exceeded its mileage of 80,000 miles. Since then people have been building keels that last only one round the world race to save a few kilos of weight. I came from the world that a keel lasted for the life of the boat and that is where we need to get to. In 2009 IMOCA brought in some regulations to make keels safer but it obviously has not been enough.

'Enough is enough, the keels need to be made of solid steel and last the life of the boat, before someone gets hurt.'

Francois Gabart (Macif) finally stemmed the trickle of miles to Armel Le Cléac’h (Banque Populaire). Gabart took back nearly five miles in the four hours since the last ranking and leads by 89.5 miles. In a finish that looks likely to come down to a matter of hours, each mile is significant. Gabart was averaging 15.1 knots to Le Cléac’h’s 14.6, but there are more wind holes ahead as they will not be clear of the Azores high until Wednesday. Dick is 365 miles further back and west.

In the South Atlantic, Jean Le Cam (SynerCiel) continued his close battle with Mike Golding (Gamesa), moving back past him into fifth place, but only by four miles. The frustrations and slow progress continue for the unfortunate five in the middle of the fleet.


Day 74 highlights by VendeeGlobeTV

Jean le Cam (FRA, SynerCiel): The weather conditions are finally getting better. It’s like going from the MacDonald’s to a three star restaurant. I was dreaming about this moment. But finally when you get these conditions you almost have to force yourself to enjoy the moment. You have to remain humble and enjoy what you have. About JP Dick: unfortunately it’s always the same problem. Now we know that when you go on a Vendée Globe, you have to change your keel every year. But if you don’t have the money, it’s complicated. How can you prevent yourself from the risk? Only with a big budget. So of course, people like the Vendée because of the adventure and the risks. But when things like that happen, maybe we should reconsider the means we put on a Vendée. Regarding the performances, I think the policy is to create the fastest boat as possible. But do we have the means for that? I believe that in four years, our boats will be obsolete. So it’s great when you have good conditions, but the risks are getting bigger.


L'importance de l'énergie sur SynerCiel by VendeeGlobeTV

Alessandro Di Benedetto (ITA, Team Plastique): A few minutes after manoeuvering, I was able to hoist the main sail - very slowly and with several breaks - because the pain in my ribs was down a bit. I did it to keep the boat stable because the waves were too rough. I don't think it would be a good idea to hoist the small gennaker because it requires velocity, effort and moving a lot, so it wouldn't be reasonable. I think I'm going to need a lot of rest. I'm back with a decent heading and speed. Things are goig better on board.

Armel Le Cléac’h (FRA, Banque Populaire): I’m fine. Some sea, some wind. I manage to sail properly. I’m very sad for JP Dick. As I was saying yesterday: you have to be careful with your materials. These moments are complicated. We are approaching an area with a lot of traffic and it’s going to be dangerous. For me the equation is complicated between preventing the boat from damages and trying to come back on François. It’s a fifth year university equation... Anyway, I’ve to remain focus and vigilant. I think I’ll be in Les Sables on Sunday. But, according to the weather forecasts, the conditions are going to be tough.

Tanguy de Lamotte (FRA, Initiatives-coeur): I’m fine, but unfortunately I broke a halyard again. It was my second one and I don’t have any another one onboard. It’s the first time I’m not able to use all my boat’s capacities. So it’s a bit frustrating. I have tried to prevent the risk by checking the boat every day but obviously it wasn’t enough.

Roland Jourdain (French sailor; former Vendée skipper): I was in the same situation four years ago. You can navigate without a keel if the conditions are favourable with your ballasts. There is about eight tons of water in the ballasts. So it’s possible to sail but as soon as you get harder conditions, things get much more complicated. I was wearing my survival suit all the time, with everything ready just in case. I know what JP must feel at the moment. It’s a very complicated moment.


Partie de pêche pour Tanguy de Lamotte by VendeeGlobeTV


Tanguy de Lamotte en musique by VendeeGlobeTV

Vendee Globe website


by Vendee Globe

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=105842

5:15 PM Tue 22 Jan 2013GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
2012 Vendee Globe

Related News Stories:

23 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Frustrations for Mike Golding
22 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Ups and downs for Mike Golding
22 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe: Jean-Pierre Dick's dreams shattered with keel failure
22 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Virbac-Paprec 3 out!
22 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - The closest finish in Race history? + Video
21 Jan 2013  Vendée Globe - More bad luck for Alessandro
21 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe Race - The pressure is on
21 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe Race – Gamesa, SynerCiel remain inseparable
21 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Power pressure and the Les Sables left hook + Video
21 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Golding, Le Cam battle continues
MORE STORIES ...






News - USA and the World

Volvo Ocean Race: Big spread in fleet as Abu Dhabi leads *Feature by Richard Gladwell, Sail-World.com/nz
Abu Dhabi (Ian Walker) continues to lead the Volvo Ocean Race. She is the most westerly of the fleet as they approach the coast of Madagascar. In a video, Abu Dhabi skipper Ian Walker explains the weather hazards of the second leg of the Volvo Ocean Race. ... [more]  

ISAF Sailing World Cup Final 2014: With a packed crowd of local dignitaries, VIPS and competitors, the ISAF President welcomed the world’s finest Olympic sailors and kiteboarders who will be battling it out on Abu Dhabi's waters. 'It’s a great honour for me to be here today because we have a very important regatta which will be the future of our sport,' explained Croce. ... [more]  

Sir Keith Mills GBE announced that America’s Cup Racing is to return to British waters when the America’s Cup World Series (ACWS) takes place in Portsmouth 23-26 July 2015 and 21–24 July 2016. The second European location is expected to be Cagliari in Italy, where Luna Rossa Challenge have their base. ... [more]  

Chairman and founder of the Clipper Race, Sir Robin Knox Johnston said: 'The Clipper Race is very pleased to welcome Hyde Sails back on board as Official Sails Supplier for our fourth consecutive race partnership. Hyde Sails evolved with us when we introduced the new Clipper 70 fleet in the last race and we were very pleased with how well the new sail wardrobes stood up to almost a year' ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Welcome to Brian's Gime *Feature by Brian Carlin, Team Vestas Wind, At sea
The irrepressible Brian Carlin, the On Board Reporter for Team Vestas Wind is on fitness program on board, under the watchful eye of race veteran Tony Rae. Today as my personal trainer, friend and fellow shipmate we accomplished a goal, 70 press-ups. I’m sure to some it maybe easy but I ask anyone of you right now sitting at your desk, hit the floor and give me 70 on the spot. ... [more]  

Two of the crew from Overall race leader, Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing look at leg 2 and the race overall. Here are the latest blogs (unedited) from On Board Reporter Matt Knighton, along with an onboard video with Simon Fisher (navigator) musing on what is required to win the race, and skipper Ian Walker on how Leg 2 has panned out for them so far. ... [more]  

Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race 2014 - A new deal for corinthians by Bruce Montgomery – Rolex Sydney Hobart media
Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race 2014: Since 1945 starters in the Sydney-Hobart have raced the equivalent of two circumnavigations of the world, almost 45,000 nautical miles. They have been drawn from the seven seas; they come from all corners of the world; they board boats that range from 100-feet supermaxis to boats littler larger than the Owl and the Pussycat’s. ... [more]  

2016 Hansa Class Combined World and International Championships - The International Hansa Class Association has announced that the 2016 Hansa Class Combined World and International Championships will be held in the Netherlands. ... [more]  

Most of the nearly 300 sailors on 216 boats in 21 classes in Alamitos Bay Yacht Club's 67th Turkey Day Regatta came to enjoy sunny sailing in mild conditions, which the weekend delivered beautifully. By tradition, the winners received turkeys, not trophies, but for a few others it was another important stopover en route to Rio de Janeiro and the 2016 Olympics. They hope. ... [more]  

Everyone was expecting a battle between Besson and Cammas. In the end, Morgan Lagravière took the Champion’s title of the seventh edition of the St-Barth Cata Cup with a near-perfect journey. The Marché U day ended with a friendly race to Public. ... [more]  

Robert Scheidt talks to us just a few days before the Nassau start of the Star Sailors League Final. How do you feel inside? I feel very calm. Myself and Bruno have tons of experience with the Star. We’ve been competing together for 10 years now. ... [more]  

The US Optimist Dinghy Association (USODA) has selected Pensacola Yacht Club (PYC) to host their 2015 National Championships. This championship will be a week-long sailing spectacular on Pensacola Bay sailed by International Optimist Dinghy sailors from eight to 15 years old. ... [more]  

More than forty five years since his historical circumnavigation, legendary Clipper Race founder Sir Robin Knox-Johnston, 75, continues to prove inspirational to adventurers around the globe. Sir Robin, the oldest entrant in the 3,542 mile Route du Rhum, finished third in his Rhum class into La Pointe À Pitre, Guadeloupe. ... [more]  

With Olympic heroes and World Champions in their numbers at the ISAF Sailing World Cup Final in Abu Dhabi, UAE, local children are being inspired to take up the sport. By utilising the star names on show at the ISAF Sailing World Cup Final, the Abu Dhabi Sailing and Yacht Club, hosts of the regatta, are using the event to promote the sport in the Emirati capital. ... [more]  

The last day of the Airwaves Noumea PWA Dream Cup saw a grandstand finale to the 2014 PWA World Tour as the morning showers finally cleared to allow the wind to fill in and the respective titles to be decided. With the racing beginning later than scheduled the title race came down to one final race, which would ultimately decide the title. ... [more]  

Sometime during last night’s moonless gloom in the Volvo Ocean Race, the masthead lights of Dongfeng and Mapfre appeared to the west, maybe right where they would have been if we had jibed with the fleet the previous day. To say that was a relief is an understatement-that we are back in touch, back in the fray near the front, it keeps everyone motivated and pushing a little bit harder. ... [more]  

Olympic medal-winning skipper Ian Walker, from Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing (ADOR) – the emirate’s Volvo Ocean Race contesting squad – recently took time out of his hectic schedule while he was in Cape Town, as the team prepared for Leg 2 of the race to catch-up with students at The British School Al Khubairat via a video call. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 – Corinna Halloran reports on day five of leg 2 for Team SCA. Team SCA has a super fan. She’s seven and, at home, she has posters of Team SCA on her wall. As a member of the team, and as a woman in 2014, this is extremely cool. ... [more]  

The Sailing Instructions for the 2014 ISAF Sailing World Cup Final that will be held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates from 26-30 November have been published. All ten Olympic events and an Open Kiteboarding event will be contested in the Emirati capital off of the stunning Corniche. ... [more]  

Italy's Giulia Conti and Francesca Clapcich have been one of the leading teams in the Women's Skiff, the 49erFX, and head to Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates ready for the ISAF Sailing World Cup Final. ... [more]  

St Barth Cata Cup day 3 by Dominique Ladouceur
Day three’s race was a lot more difficult than yesterday’s at the St-Barth Cata Cup due to b winds. After pushing back the morning race to 2p.m. due to 30 knots winds at the tip of Colombier, the race committee decided to stick to only one race in the afternoon. ... [more]  

Team Alivimedica skipper Charlie Enright and navigator Will Oxley sat with Andy Rice to assess Leg 2 before the start in Cape Town. Here is the second part of the Leg Two analysis. ... [more]  

Position report for the Volvo Ocean Race boats as of 24th November 0700 UTC. It's been a fairly quiet night out there - and the biggest change is that the boats are beginning to close up, and become more compact. ADOR, who gybed north first, around six hours before the rest of the fleet on Saturday night, have moved south a little, whereas the rest of the boats have remained in the same line. ... [more]  

The 10 competing teams at the RC44 Oman Cup enjoyed a great sailing day on the Gulf of Oman for the penultimate day of the 2014 Championship Tour. Terry Hutchinson continued to guide Vladimir Prosihkin’s Team Nika the right way around the course, extending their lead in the overall standings, adding another race win to their scoreline, Team Aqua stay second with Charisma hanging onto third. ... [more]  

Position report for the Volvo Ocean Race fleet as of 23 November, 1900 UTC. Four days into the Leg 2, and the fleet is finally making progress towards Abu Dhabi. The seven boats are now south of Madagascar, and they’ve been heading north since last night. ... [more]  

Position report for the Volvo Ocean Race boats as of 0748 UTC, November 23rd. So what happened overnight? Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing were the first to head north and then progressively the other boats in the fleet decided to follow their lead. The fleet is really close together. ... [more]  

Gladwell's Line: The America's Cup is now Bermuda's Cup? *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
The America's Cup roared into life on Friday with the publication of a story out of San Diego, saying that the Californian venue had missed getting the nod as the venue for the next America's Cup. And that being the case, then the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda seems to have got the nod. ... [more]  

VX ONE Winter Series 2014: It was a family affair at the top of the leaderboard for the opening weekend of the VX One Winter Series. Michael, Christina, Robert and Phillip Norris bested 21 other teams at Sarasota Sailing Squadron to take the advantage in the three-weekend series, which continues through March 2015. ... [more]  

With no team able to discard the last event of the season, the podium positions were by no means secure as last day of racing got underway at the RC44 Oman Cup, in a sedate seven-knot breeze. Going into the final day Vladimir Prosikhin’s Team Nika, with tactician Terry Hutchinson calling the shots, sat at the top of the leader board having shown an unmatched level of consistency in Muscat. ... [more]  

Usual skipper Seve Jarvin and for’ard hand Sam Newton were joined in the team by James Wierzbowski for today’s race and led from shortly after the to defeat defending champion Thurlow Fisher Lawyers (Michael Coxon, Dave O’Connor, Dave Ewings) by 38s. Coopers 62-Rag and Famish Hotel (Jack Macartney, Mark Kennedy, Peter Harris) was a further 21s back in third place. ... [more]  

Overall race leader, Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing (Ian Walker) has had an eventful few days since the start in Cape Town on Wednesday. Their goal is to be first home in their home port of Abu Dhabi - six other boats willing. ... [more]  

2014 Argo Group Gold Cup - Take time to remember. It was mid-October, one week before the brilliant Sunday Finals of the Argo Group Gold Cup and Bermuda was slammed by the second major storm in a week. Tropical Storm Fay - or was it Hurricane Fay by then— had hit Bermuda with a sneaky left jab only five days earlier. ... [more]  

2014 Turkey Day Regatta - The largest of Alamitos Bay Yacht Club's popular holiday sailing competitions the 67th Turkey Day Regatta has nearly 300 sailors on 216 boats in 21 classes, several of them world champions taking the weekend seriously. ... [more]  

Airwaves Noumea PWA Dream Cup - Delphine Cousin officially world champ
Volvo Ocean Race: A man's got to do what a man's got to do
RC44 Championship Tour - A great sailing day on the Gulf of Oman
Sail-World Team holds first Continental Conference at METS
ISAF Sailing World Cup Final - Open Formula Kiteboarding event preview
Volvo Ocean Race: Fleet heads into the Southern Ocean + Videos *Feature
ISAF Sailing World Cup Final - Set to be an 'experience of a lifetime'
America's Cup: Source named in Bermuda venue leak *Feature
2014 RC44 Oman Cup - Challenging day + Videos
Volvo Ocean Race: A bumpy, hard driving ride in the Southern Ocean
EPA punts on renewable fuel standard
Yates Cup: US supermaxi Rio100 wins first offshore race + Video *Feature
Airwaves Noumea PWA Dream Cup - Men’s title race takes a twist
RC44 Oman Cup - Consistency hard to come by
Volvo Ocean Race - Discomfort takes over for Team Alvimedica
Volvo Ocean Race - Rapid change for Team SCA
Viper 640 event at Lake Garda - 22-26th June 2015
British Cycling grows by over 500%, can sailing do the same?
GC32 Racing Tour 2015 - Dates and venues
Class 40-footers to be featured in 2015 Annapolis-to-Newport Race
Spectacular performance by Bakewell-White maxi early in first race *Feature   
Airwaves Noumea PWA Dream Cup - Big strides for Cousin and Moussilmani   
America's Cup: Team New Zealand responds to Venue rumours *Feature   
ORC reveals rule improvements for 2015   
Volvo Ocean Race - Hammer down for Team Alvimedica   
Volvo Ocean Race - Team SCA heads for unknown territory   
ISAF Sailing World Cup Final set to be 'an experience of a lifetime'   
RC44 Oman Cup - Team Nika gets a taste for the podium + Video   
St Barth Cata Cup 2014 - Game on!   
Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race 2014 - Wild Oats XI reveals new livery   
Rolex Sydney Hobart 2014 - Wild Oats XI and Audi ready: photos   
Volvo Ocean Race: Meek's tips pay dividend in Leg 2 squalls and calms *Feature   
Volvo Ocean Race - Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing in search of hometown glory   
Airwaves Noumea PWA Dream Cup - Waiting game continues on day 2   
Barcelona World Race skippers named as scientific agents   
Volvo Ocean Race: Stop-start battle to the Cape of Good Hope   
Volvo Ocean Race: Leg 2 starts at high speed in 35kt winds   
Volvo Ocean Race - Team SCA off to gutsy leg 2 start   
ISAF Sailing World Cup Final - Heroes and champions in Nacra 17 fleet   
ISAF Sailing World Cup Final - Talented Finn pack all set   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT