sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery
Sail-World.com : Vendee Globe - What separated the best from the rest? + Video
Vendee Globe - What separated the best from the rest? + Video

'Francois Gabart, Macif'    Jean-Marie Liot / DPPI / Vendée Globe ©    Click Here to view large photo

In the Vendee Globe, sailing their own match race into the open wilds of the Pacific, the leading duo have begun to extend away again. But not from each other. Armel Le Cléac’h (Banque Populaire) said he could see Francois Gabart (Macif), no more than two miles away they passed the Auckland Islands, on the radar overnight. For his part, Gabart sent home a video trying, but not wholly succeeding, to show Le Cléac’h’s sails in the distance.

The two did not hesitate as they crossed the Campbell Plateau, with the big rough seas caused by the vertiginous shelf on its western boundary. Le Cléac’h spoke of hand steering through an area where the human touch is more responsive than even these modern autopilots.

Le Cléac’h maintained the slenderest of leads – just 2.2 miles – at the 1500hrs UTC ranking. 'We could see each other (Gabart) in the fog,' Le Cléac’h said. 'I wanted to talk to him on the VHF, it didn’t work, but, no, I’m not mad at him or anything. I’m definitely keeping an eye on him, though.'

Armel Le Cleac’h (FRA) / Banque Populaire -  © Armel Le Cléac'h / Banque Populaire   Click Here to view large photo

Denis Horeau, the race director for four of the seven editions (the first in 1989 and the last three since 2004-05), cannot remember anything like it. 'Never,' he says. 'There are two reasons, firstly the gates have changed the strategy and the second is that they are very similar sailors in the boats that have both been made by Michael Desjoyeaux (the only two-time winner of the race). They are getting the same weather files and they have the same conditions so it is natural they are in the same place.'

Alex Thomson (Hugo Boss) and Bernard Stamm (Cheminées Poujoulat) have joined the three in front in the Pacific. Thomson had seen his lead cut to three miles after a double northeast. Thomson is slightly slower than Stamm and is looking for an advantage by playing the navigation card as Stamm continued on the road south east. From the south, Jean-Pierre Dick (Virbac-Paprec 3), has also decided to go north-east to try to catch the tail of the northwest wind that propels the leaders.

If the Indian Ocean is anything to go by the gains the leading duo make here could be significant. Nine days ago, at the first ranking of the morning at 0400hrs UTC of Tuesday, December 11, as they passed through the Amsterdam gate, just 159.6 miles separated Francois Gabart in first and Alex Thomson (Hugo Boss) in fifth. Mike Golding (Gamesa) in sixth was just 653 miles behind.

But as they dived southeast with the northwest winds of a low pressure system, Le Cléac’h and Gabart gradually burnt off the rest who fell out of the back of the fast moving system and then suffered in the transition. Thomson peeled east at the Amsterdam gate with technical problems, Stamm was forced to join him on December 12 and Dick had to head east to the West Australia gate on December 14. By 0400hrs on December 14, Dick was 247 miles behind and Stamm, then in fifth, 525 miles.


Banque Populaire en vue pour Gabart by VendeeGlobeTV

Dick had ‘only’ lost 168 miles in 72 hours, Stamm 407. But from there, sailing in different systems, the losses multiplied. 36 hours later at the 1500hrs ranking on Saturday, December 15, Dick was 490 miles behind, Thomson 801, Stamm 859 and Golding, who had dropped to seventh behind Jean Le Cam (SynerCiel), 1672. The losses have stabilised since then, but the damage was done.

Virbac Paprec 3 - 2012 Vendee Globe -  http://www.vendeeglobe.org/!©_Jean-Pierre_Dick_-_Paprec Virbac - Vendée Globe  

Speaking to Vendée Globe TV, Brian Thompson, the record-breaking circumnavigator who was fifth in the last Vendée Globe, said that small boat advantages meant big gains in the south.

'If you can stay ahead of that front you can ride that wave, rather like a surfer, that wave of wind, for hundreds, maybe thousands of miles,' Thompson said. 'If you fall off the back of that, say you’re going one knot slower and you fall off the back of that wind, you’re suddenly going to be doing five-six knots slower on the backside of the front.

'So, if you can be fast in those conditions, 25-knot broad reaching, then you can accumulate and compound the advantages that you’ve got over the other people. Those two boats, especially Francois (Gabart) with his 24-hour record shows that when you’re in that northwest wind before a front you can go incredibly fast.'

Read the rest of the Thompson interview here


Replay : Le live du Vendée Globe du 20 décembre by VendeeGlobeTV

Alex Thomson (GBR, Hugo Boss): I am firmly back in the south after my excursion to the north and my meeting with cyclone Claudia which turned out to be a little disappointing. Anyhow my worry was getting back to the south and now I am here so mission accomplished. I have had a few mishaps on the way, nothing that is a major problem but they have made life difficult and uncomfortable. It is bitterly cold down here now and I have several layers on even when in my sleeping bag I have a heater onboard but it burns diesel so whilst I am in power saving mode and conserving fuel, using the heater is a no go therefore it is like some sort of torture having all the capabilities of making heat but not being able to use it. It is not to bad with lots of layers on until I have to work hard and then I am dripping wet with sweat, like the sails it’s hard to find the middle ground!The road ahead is quite clear and I should be well past New Zealand by Xmas day. Then it’s to Cape Horn and I hope and pray it is a quick, warm and painless crossing. Having been dismasted halfway across the Pacific before I know how dangerous and isolated this stretch of water is. The trick is to survive down here and get to Cape Horn in one piece, you never win the race in the Southern Ocean but it’s all too easy to lose it down here!

Mike Golding (GBR, Gamesa): It's been a fairly quiet period, we are moving quite nicely still, but now we are lifted so we'll be gybing very shortly I think. We are almost dead downwind, so shortly gybing and it looks like we have a few gybes to do. The four of us have really been compressed back together, Dom 100 miles behind, Javier 100 miles behind that, Jean is 140 or something ahead, so a very tight group. It will be tricky conditions here, which will rely on us being vigilant on the right gybe at the right time. It will be fairly close.

There are some benefits to a slightly more northerly route, like Dominique Wavre's. In the longer term, looking at the routing on the file - it depends which file you look at of course - but looking at the European file, which seems to be the most reliable at the moment, there are some possible benefits to being slightly north. On his approach to us, he has benefited to another couple of knots of wind, while Jean and I were skirting the lighter airs to the south.

Of course it is an improvement to be closer to Jean, but we have two boats that were a long way behind us that are closer now. It will be like how we were a few weeks ago, interesting sailing and an interesting race. It keeps it enjoyable, so from that perspective it is good. Obviously not good and disappointing to lose miles to those that you thought you had left behind. It is going to be an interesting few days.

Tanguy de Lamotte (FRA, Initiatives-coeur): I’m fine today, the weather is nice, quite a lot of wind but a sun and clear sky too. It was nice to have lunch in such conditions. The wind is between 18 and 22 knots and I have the right sails for that, the boat seems to like it, so we’re sailing at 14 knots. It’s pretty cold outside when the sun is out, but it can get warmer during the day, especially when the wind is down. I try to sleep when it’s dark outside, regardless of the actual time. We’re sailing east so we keep changing time zones. I’m very proud to have a drawing by Bernard Chenez on board, he and Catherine are among the people who made it possible for the boat to compete in the Vendée Globe.

Jean-Pierre Dick (FRA, Virbac Paprec 3): Yes, I’m doing fine, even though it’s cold. It’s moving a lot, there’s a lot of wind, I’ll have to manoeuvre right after this phone call. I’ll have to gybe so I can go north a little bit, hoping the conditions will be easier. I’m not sure about that, though. I had to climb the mast and to stay two hours up there because there was quite a lot to do, a damaged part to be replaced. I had to climb in the B2B Transat, too, it always helps to have an opportunity to practice that kind of thing. I had to slow down for this call, my speed is around 17 knots, with a very impressive sea.

Dominique Wavre (Sui, Mirabaud): I don’t tell you that (whether he’s staying north) because I imagine the others would like to know why I’m so north. In fact it’s because I was stopped in the high pressure three days ago, I ended up north but I don’t tell you if I’m happy about this position. I think Jean Le Cam will be quite far forward because he steers on the boat and he’s faster than us for the moment. Probably I will be separated by some 100 miles from Mike (Golding), so nothing is done between Acciona me and Mike.


Dominique Wavre aux aguets by VendeeGlobeTV

Javier ‘Bubi’ Sansó (ESP, Acciona 100% EcoPowered): It is my turn to have less wind than those ahead of me, and they are getting away from me a little right now, although in the next few hours we will all have the same wind again. What I am most worried about though, is how I am going to deal with the low pressure area that is forming right in our path to the south of Tasmania – it doesn’t look too good – and I think I will have quite an intense Christmas Eve. The southern option is not going to be possible because of all the calm areas and shifty winds, and actually up here at 47º, it’s not bad at all….14 degrees and almost some sunshine with the wind looking like it might hang in there a few more days. In fact the Indian Ocean is not going to make it easy for us to leave…Today it is almost sunny and the humidity has dropped from 85 to 55% inside the boat, which I am extremely grateful for, because at 85% everything is full of condensation and the sensation of cold is much greater. But I have to admit that it isn’t really cold yet, and by that I mean temperatures under 10º. Right now its 16º and that is fine.The solar panels are still taking on 100% of the whole power balance and I still haven’t had to use the hydro-generators nor any other charging system.

Armel Le Cléac’h (FRA, Banque Populaire): The night fell a few hours ago, it’s been a tough period lately, the last 24 hours were difficult. We sailed close to the Auckland Islands and the cross sea and huge winds - 50 knots - didn’t help. François Gabart and I could see each other in the fog, I wanted to talk to him on the VHF but for some reason it didn’t work so no, it’s not that I don’t want to talk to him (he laughs). I’m definitely keeping an eye on him, though! I don’t have any specific plan, François and I will just keep sailing the way we have so far, from one gate to another, and we’ll see. Once we reach Cape Horn, let’s see where each of us stands, and let’s see how the boats are doing, too. I know we’ll be happy to get there because we’ve enjoyed all the things we’ve experienced, but it will be nice to catch our breath a little bit.I spent time at the helm because things are going really fast so I need to be very careful. There was a very difficult hour, there could have been damage to the boat if I hadn’t been careful. But it went well eventually.

Vendee Globe website


Bubi passe le cap Leeuwin by VendeeGlobeTV


Résumé du 41e jour de course (VIDEO) by VendeeGlobeTV


Tanguy en visio-conférence avec des élèves du Mans by VendeeGlobeTV


by Vendee Globe

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=104890

6:32 PM Thu 20 Dec 2012GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
2012 Vendee Globe

Related News Stories:

20 Dec 2012  Vendee Globe - Battle intensifies in the Pacific
20 Dec 2012  Vendee Globe - Up the mast as front five set to stretch away + Video
20 Dec 2012  Vendee Globe - Mike Golding, Gamesa pass mid-point
20 Dec 2012  Vendee Globe - Perilous ascent for JP Dick, Virbac Paprec 3
19 Dec 2012  Vendée Globe - Francois Gabart fights back
19 Dec 2012  Vendee Globe - Gamesa's Mike Golding hopes he is stopping the rot
19 Dec 2012  Icom, official radio communication technical partner to Vendée Globe
19 Dec 2012  Vendee Globe - Bumps, scrapes and battering continues + Video
19 Dec 2012  Vendée Globe - Banque Populaire retakes lead
18 Dec 2012  Vendee Globe - Ocean match racing and air guitars? + Video
MORE STORIES ...






News - USA and the World

Volvo Ocean Race: Fleet turns to avoid Ice and heads for Cape Town *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
The lead boats in the Volvo Ocean Race have all turned and are heading for the finish line in Cape Town which is about four days 10hrs distant as of the 1840hrs UTC sked on October 31. The lead four boats , Team Brunel, Abu Dhabi, Team Vestas and Dongfeng are all covered by a very small distance indeed, ... [more]  

The Volvo Ocean race On Board Reporters update from the Southern Ocean on Leg 1, Day 19: Like flipping a light switch. Off to on in so much as an instant, the anticipated westerlies of the South Atlantic have finally arrived—28 knots now—and it never ceases to amaze me how quickly life onboard can change. ... [more]  

Team Alvimedica's OBR Amory Ross reports on the crew's progress as they continue to head south in the Volvo Ocean Race. The last week of sailing has been full of tactical decisions as the team decide when to head south and when to turn east towards Cape Town. ... [more]  

Nandor Fa and Marcell Goszleth are the first Hungarian duo to take part in this renowned double handed non-stop sprint around the world. The Barcelona World Race will be the very first real race for Spirit of Hungary, which has been designed and partly built? by Nandor Fa himself. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15. Team SCA OBR Corinna Halloran reports on day 20 for the crew. Wow; A bit of a monumental day—both literally and figuratively. Three weeks ago it was the eve of the start my friends took me for one last ice cream and I couldn’t figure out if I was nervous or not nervous. ... [more]  

Talent, passion, ability, success. All qualities that spring to mind with regard to Luke Patience, the 28 year old 470 Class silver medallist from London 2012. SSL is delighted to announce that Luke has now accepted the Star Sailors League invitation to participate in our 2014 Finals, becoming the second UK special guest star, alongside newly-crowned Finn World Champion Giles Scott. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 - Like in the old English tale of Robin Hood, it’s a case of taking from the rich and giving to the poor. That is what we have been seeing over the last few days. More wind just behind the leaders has allowed the middle, poorer pack to catch the rich leaders. ... [more]  

American Windsurfing Tour Severne Starboard Aloha Classic 2014 - Today we have all been treated to an incredible spectacle of windsurfing, on the second day of competition at the AWT pro bracket of the Severne Starboard Aloha Classic. ... [more]  

The International Kiteboarding Association’s (IKA) annual general meeting next Tuesday (Nov 4) is likely to debate measures put forward by the Polish Kiteboarding Association (PKA) that would effectively outlaw ram-air kites from the beginning of next year. ... [more]  

Today was the top performance day of the 2014 Chris Benz Lüderitz World Record Chase with 50+Knots performances recorded, as well as many PBs and four country records falling. Strong 25-35 knot winds were forecast for today and this proved true, however, the angle of the wind only allowed for optimal performances towards the end of the day’s racing. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Still tight at front as Roaring Forties beckon *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
According to the routing function of Predictwind, the three boats are covered by just 10 miles in terms of distance to be sailed to the finish on their optimum course, more telling is that on the same basis just seven minutes would cover the first and third boats to finish. Sail-World interviewed Team Vestas skipper, Chris Nicholson this morning - he comments in this report. ... [more]  

The Aloha Classic is the longest existing windsurfing wave event (together with Sylt in Germany). 2014 marks 30 years since the very first event and the 25th edition of the Aloha Classic. Let me rewind back to when I was a young journalist, following the evolution of windsurfing, back then windsurfing was called ‘the fastest growing sport’… ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race - Team Alvimedica heads south by Amory Ross, Team Alvimedica
OBR Amory Ross reports on Team Alvimedica’s progress in the Volvo Ocean Race. It’s wild that after six days of sailing down the coast of South America we finally found ourselves pointed directly at Cape Town (going 16 knots) but all the routing indicates we’re not far enough to the south so down we go! ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15. Team SCA coach Brad Jackson gives his thoughts on Leg 1. 'We very much understand what the girls are trying to do and who they are competing against and if they do things well they are right up there in the mix. ... [more]  

Little Traverse Yacht Club (Harbor Springs, Michigan) won the Yacht Club Challenge in the 106th Running of the Chicago Yacht Club Race to Mackinac. ... [more]  

Want to see 40 great sailing champions in action in stunning Nassau in the Bahamas? The Star Sailors League, an emerging international circuit, is offering the chance to win a four-day holiday for two people with accommodation at the luxury Atlantis resort and water park. ... [more]  

Bidding is now open in the auction to join the Volvo Ocean Race as a part of Team Alvimedica and support heart charities around the world! Team Alvimedica supporters have the unique chance to bid on two experiences that will take place at each stopover throughout the race. ... [more]  

The seventh edition of the St Barth Cata Cup is set to be thrilling. Sixty teams will go head to head aboard the last generation of F18 boats: Hobbie Wild Cat, Nacra Infusion MKII, Cirrus R, Phantom and C2. It is a high-speed, tactical, technical and spectacular discipline! ... [more]  

AWT Severne Starboard Aloha Classic 2014 - The day started early with a traditional Hawaiian blessing, welcoming everyone to the beach and setting the wheels in motion for a fantastic contest. As the ceremony continued the wind started to blow and straight after the skipper's meeting it was straight on with the pro men competition. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race - After 19 days of Leg one, the leaders are still within sight of each other, something we don’t think we’ve ever seen at such a stage between Alicante and Cape Town. It’s the ultimate inshore race, staged hundreds of miles offshore. Abu Dhabi, Team Brunel and Team Vestas Wind are locked against each other with Dongfeng Race Team just 17NM further adrift. ... [more]  

The Taiwan 2014 Kitesurfing Open & Green Tourism Miaoli proved to be an interesting event for the Kiteboard Tour Asia (KTA) to get involved with at the Longfong Fish Harbour beach front in Jhunan. As the KTA had been wanting for some time to bring an event to the renowned high wind shores of Taiwan, which is famous for its windy conditions 300 days a year. ... [more]  

Best possible conditions are expected when 2014 World Championships in ISAF-class Kona One is about to start in Islamorada, Florida on Saturday, November 1. A total of 115 sailors from five continents will line up making it the largest Kona event ever. The outcome is very open with a number of high-profiled sailors with multiple international championship wins in different windsurfing classes. ... [more]  

2015 U.S. Youth Sailing Championships - The dates for the 2015 U.S. Youth Championships, hosted by Eastern Yacht Club in Marblehead, Mass., have been changed to July 6-10 from the traditional second week in August ... [more]  

'It is no less important to the Commodore as air or water,' said Staff Commodore of the San Diego Yacht Club Chuck Nichols. The Lipton Cup is arguably one of the most iconic regattas in the sailing community. This three-day regatta is an invitation-only event where the best sailors from around the country compete to represent their yacht clubs. ... [more]  

Year in and year out, the U.S. Disabled Championships is one of the most fascinating sailing events in the world. A strong collection of the top sailors in the country are in Galveston, Texas preparing for this week’s three-day championship, which begins Thursday, October 30 and concludes Saturday, November 1. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Team Vestas back-slams both race leaders *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
The Chris Nicholson skippered Team Vestas Wind, has made a big gain in the last 12 hours in the Volvo Ocean Race, and is now positioned between the two lead boats. The Danish flagged entry had been positioned to the west of the leaders, who were in the fringe of the St Helena High. ... [more]  

Last night all the American Windsurfing Tour riders, and some of the top PWA sailors, enjoyed a fantastic opening party and registration for the Aloha Classic at Adventure Sports Maui. Food, drinks, photos and lots of chat was the order of the evening, and this morning all with gather again at 9am for the official opening blessing. ... [more]  

Many know Bill Erkelens as a former rigger, team manager for the Maxi Sayonara and subsequently Campaign manager for Oracle Racing during the IACC efforts and a really good sailor with a solid Rolodex of connections in the yacht racing world. When the opportunity to manage a Volvo team arose, Bill did not hesitate, and in late 2013, the Bay Area Native accepted the roles as COO for Team Alvimedica ... [more]  

Team Alvimedica OBR Amory Ross reports on the crew’s progress in the Volvo Ocean Race. Even in the 'straight-line' sailing that has dominated the last portion of the race, the dynamic of our fleet position has been in a state of constant change. ... [more]  

Team SCA OBR Corinna Halloran reports on day 18 for the crew in the Volvo Ocean Race. We are fighting. We are determined. We are focused. Yes, today was not easy, but we did not allow ourselves to slow down-- we sailed with the conditions given and sailed at 100% performance. ... [more]  

The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) published its 2015 Anti-Doping Code on Wednesday (29 October), which will apply to all Member organisations, Paralympic Games and IPC recognised International Federations, from 1 January 2015. ... [more]  

Sailing legend Sir Robin Knox-Johnston hopes to inspire greater French participation in ocean racing through his entry in the Route du Rhum – Destination Guadeloupe. 'France is a nation of sailors with excellent role models; legends in their own right,' said Sir Robin. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 - The big news of yesterday was the introduction of an ice gate by Race Director Jack Lloyd. Designed to take away the temptation for the teams to dive deep south in the search for better pressure and a better angle to Cape Town. The Ice Gate is placed at 42 deg South between 20W and 10W, seen on the screenshot below. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 - Latest position report: Oct. 29, 0630 UTC
Optimist World Championship 2014 - Strong winds for the second stage
Volvo Ocean Race - Team Brunel snatch lead for now
Volvo Ocean Race: Ice Gate laid in Southern Ocean on Leg 1 *Feature
Volvo Ocean Race - Reality for Team Vestas Wind
Volvo Ocean Race: Straight-line progress continues for Team Alvimedica
Volvo Ocean Race - Team SCA entering the Southern Ocean + Video
Comanche ocean trials in Newport + Video
La Torche PWA Grand Slam - Title race thrown wide open
ISAF Rolex World Sailor of the Year Awards one week away
Clipper Race - Is this the toughest job on the ocean?
PIC Coastal Classic Roundup: Almost 30 minutes slashed off record
America's Cup: Artemis Racing signs seventh Olympic Gold medalist
Pieces in place for the 2015 GC32 Racing Tour
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 - Behind the numbers
Volvo Ocean Race: Front runners open gap for Cape Town *Feature
AWT - PWA Finale 2014: Severne Starboard Aloha Classic - One day to go
2014 International Masters Regatta - Augie Diaz takes the trophy
Volvo Ocean Race - Supreme sailing for Team Alvimedica
Volvo Ocean Race - Team SCA, united by one
A big shift for Pumpkin Pursuit in Richmond   
ISAF Annual Conference to take place in Palma de Mallorca, Spain   
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15: Latest position report: October 27, 1700 UTC   
Oakcliff Ocean Racing Team to race RORC Transatlantic Race   
Clipper Round the World Yacht Race - The search for skippers is on   
China Cup Int'l Regatta - Windier weather brings victory for Vanke   
Argo Group Gold Cup - Stena Sailing Team wins in Bermuda   
GC 32 Foiling Cat Argo sets Mount Gay Rum Around Jamestown Record   
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15: Latest position report, October 27, 0630 UTC   
2014 RS:X Youth Worlds - Going out with a bang! + Video   
2015 Flying Dutchman World Championships - Winners will be Grinners!   
RenaissanceRe Junior Gold Cup - Denmark’s Christian Spodsberg wins   
Argo Group Gold Cup 2014 - Berntsson joins sailing’s elite   
Sand Flies versus Foiling Moths - Moth World Championship 2015 *Feature   
2015 International 14 World Championship - Frasch leads German team   
Ian Williams and GAC Pindar set up an exciting AWMRT finale   
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 Leg one – South Atlantic tactics   
Volvo Ocean Race: Steady run to the finish at Cape Town   
18ft Skiffs: Club Championship - Race one   
2014 Optimist World Championship - Race started with a clear day   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT