sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery
Sail-World.com : Vendee Globe - Race Village opens, focus shifts to end goal + Video
Vendee Globe - Race Village opens, focus shifts to end goal + Video

'Alex Thomson onboard Hugo Boss - 2012 Vendee Globe'    © Alex Thomson / Hugo Boss / Vendée Globe

The Vendee Globe Race Village in Les Sables d’Olonne officially opened today. It is open everyday from 10am – 7pm. The first skipper is expected to cross the finish line between 5am – 11am Sunday 27th January.

Bruno Retailleau (SAEM Vendée President) 'Today, I have a special thought for all the skippers who are still in the race, those who had to abandon but also those who competed in the previous editions. These sailors all contributed to the amazing Vendée Globe legend. We have had a fascinating race with moments of joy, happiness, and sadness.'

2012 Vendee Globe Race Village in Les Sables d’Olonne. -  Olivier Blanchet  

It was a magnanimous Alex Thomson (Hugo Boss) that spoke today on the English version of the Vendée Globe LIVE, who is expected to move into third place tonight. At the 1500 UTC ranking today, only 16 miles separated him for Jean-Pierre Dick (Virbac Paprec 3).

'Jean-Pierre Dick is coming in to stronger winds so I guess we’ll find out how stable it is for him when he reaches them. I hope he proceeds with caution and finds a way to finish the race. If I’m asked to assist him, I’ll help him in any way that I can.

It looks like it’s going to be windy on the route to Les Sables d’Olonne but it certainly won’t be as bad as it was three or four days ago. It’s still looking like the winds are going to be quite strong, with guts 30 knots. The Bay of Biscay is a quite dangerous place, especially in a winter storm with the continental shelf and deep waves. It’s not going to be very pleasant for sure.'

Thomson is no stranger to drama on the high seas in the 2006 edition of the solo yacht race with stops the Velux 5 Oceans, Thomson was rescued from his sinking Open 60, Hugo Boss by jumping into a liferaft and being rescued by Mike Golding in the Southern Ocean. He would not hesitate to assist Jean

Pierre Dick if it was required.

The decision to stop or continue lies with Jean-Pierre Dick (Virbac Paprec 3) alone. Alex Thomson (Hugo Boss) would only assist if it was requested.

Jean-Pierre Dick (Virbac Paprec 3) today on the English version of the Vendée Globe LIVE explained his situation and how he was handling his keel-less Open 60. 'Because I lost my keel three days ago, I can either stop in the Azores, or in Spain, or sail all the way to Les Sables d’Olonne. I’ll need to decide soon whether or not I’ll continue. Tonight, I’ll face more wind, I will have my first impressions of what it is to sail the boat without a keel in such conditions. Apart from that, things are fine onboard, the sails are in good shape.


Replay : Le live du Vendée Globe du 25 janvier by VendeeGlobeTV

It feels a little bit like sailing a dinghy or a multihull, you lose stability as soon as you have more than 30 degrees of heel. You need to be extremely careful and it’s important to keep the boat flat. I am sailing with a much reduced sail area and the water ballasts full.'

As the Open 60 has no keel it is important that Jean Pierre Dick keeps the boat flat and ensures that it doesn’t lean over because if it leans over more 30 degrees it will capsize. With a keel the Open 60 has 45 degree before it lay down on it’s side but the keel bulb ensure that it bounces back upright again. Jean-Pierre Dick (Virbac Paprec 3) has filled both of the water ballast tanks with water, they are normally filled on one side or the other to help keep the boat flat when it leans over. By reducing his sail area, the metaphorical engine of the boat, and filling the ballast tanks with water to make the hull heavy, he is slowly able to progress up the track.

The forecast of heavy weather with big waves is what he must weigh up, whether he will be able to safely get the boat across the Bay of Biscay to the finish line. Large waves hitting a boat can cause it fall on its side but the purpose of the keel, like a pendulum is to rock the boat back to upright. This is when the keel-less boat is most susceptible to capsize. The Bay of Biscay in winter can be a cold, angry, windy place and must be approached with extreme caution, with, or without, a keel.

The teams of Macif and Banque Populaire are in Les Sables d’Olonne in force, their nails gnawed down to the skin. Tomorrow will be a long day for them as they wait for their skippers to cross the finish line. Like anxious relatives waiting for the safe delivery of a new born baby, they wait, holding their breath, tapping their fingers, huddled in groups, occasionally giving media interviews and watching the clock. Both teams know that it’s not over until it’s over.

On the water it is not time to relax and think of cold beers, hot baths and home comforts. Today, on the French version of Vendée Globe Live François François Gabart (Macif) was very clear on the matter. His priority is to stay focused in the final straight, which, if it all goes well, should earn him his crown. But the Bay of Biscay will be bumpy in the last hours of the race. The southwest wind will not blow a gale, but the sea will churn up waves of five metres. The maritime traffic is busy around the Cape Finisterre, and there are many fishing boats hauling their catch.

Francois Gabart, Macif - 2012 Vendee Globe -  © François Gabart / MACIF  

The boats are tired following two and a half months battered by three oceans and the sailors too. It would be madness to jeopardize everything so close to the end.

If François Gabart (Macif) arrives Sunday morning, not only will he have completed his first solo circumnavigation, but in a world record breaking 78 days. The founding fathers of the Jules Verne Trophy no doubt would not have imagined that 23 years later, a solo helmed monohull would accomplish a circumnavigation in under 80 days. The first boat to do this was a 26 metre catamaran with a crew of five, ‘Commodore Explorer’ in 1993, skippered by Bruno Peyron. So far François Gabart (Macif) has sailed around the world averaging 15.2 knots since the start in Les Sables d'Olonne.

The weather forecast does not look likely it will provide an opportunity for Armel Le Cléac’h (Banque Populaire) to close the 123 mile gap. Today, on the French version of Vendée Globe Live he admitted this for the first time. Maybe he won’t achieve Gold but what a Silver indeed; to match race François Gabart (Macif) around the world and to lead the charge on many occasions. Armel Le Cléac’h’s (Banque Populaire) main objective at the start was to do better than second but the world will agree that he has delivered a stellar, legendary performance on the track and he is without doubt a world class sailor.

But it’s not over until it’s over and it’s not over yet.

Armel Le Cléac’h (FRA, Banque Populaire): This Friday has been good so far, we’re getting closer to you all. We’ve had pleasant conditions since this morning, with about 20 knots of wind. We need to enjoy those last few hours of nice conditions because it will get worse soon. It will be complicated to catch up with Macif, especially with what the weather forecasts are saying. Unless François has a problem with his boat, it will be very difficult to catch up with him. But I need to focus on my race. We’ve started to think about the finish because of the phone calls we had to organize things for the finish. I’ve been through that before so I know what will happen but the emotions are always different. I know it will go very fast and the transition will be a brutal one. People on dry land will be very demanding, they will ask a lot of questions, we’ll have to deal with all that. I understand that the weather will change in 24 hours, with tougher sea and wind conditions.

We’ll need to be extremely careful in the last hours of the race. Traffic will be an issue too, I’ve seen a dozen cargo ships last night and this morning. Fishing boats go out at sea even when the weather is bad, so we’ll watch out for them. My routing software says I should cross the finish line on Sunday, in the middle of the afternoon. I just hope I’ll arrive before the tide makes it impossible for me to enter the port.

Armel Le Cléac’h, Banque Populaire - 2012 Vendee Globe -  Jean-Marie Liot - DPPI_- Vendée Globe ©  

François Gabart (FRA, Macif): I’m doing fine, we’re progressing ahead of a ridge that should pass us soon. We’re enjoying good sailing conditions, with 20 knots of wind. We had 25-30 knots earlier. Armel should gybe before I do, he’s facing weaker winds. I understand the last tack to the finish will be very difficult, with a very rough sea. We’ll need to hurry to get the boat in the port because I heard it is going to get even worse later. I’m still focused on the race and the strategy, I don’t really think about the finish and the constraints of life on dry land once I’ve arrived. I have very good people around me, they will help me deal with all that. I know it won’t be easy and I’ll have to be careful, but I don’t dread it, I’m very happy I’ll get to experience that. I love the Vendée Globe and the finish is part of the race. It’s going to be unique! I had prepared myself for this race, I haven’t been surprised much so far, I guess it means I was well-prepared. But there are still things that I wasn’t expecting, which is good, it would be quite sad otherwise. Sailing is all about adapting to what is going on and to the changing conditions.

Jean-Pierre Dick (FRA, Virbac Paprec 3): Because I lost my keel three days ago, I can either stop in the Azores or in Spain or to sail all the way to Les Sables d’Olonne. I’ll need to decide soon, whether or not I’ll continue. Tonight, I’ll face more wind, I will have my first impressions of what it is to sail the boat without a keel in such conditions. Apart from that, things are fine on board, the sails are in good shape. It feels a little bit like sailing a dinghy or a multihull, you lose stability as soon as you have more than 30 degrees of heel. You need to be extremely careful and it’s capital to keep your balance.

Jean Le Cam (FRA, SynerCiel): I’m fine but tired, it’s been a very agitated night. It’s great to see people liked my Equator video. I don’t have that much feedback on videos, so it’s always good to know they’re appreciated. It’s very cloudy here, and the wind changes a lot. You have no wind and the next minute, you have 25 knots. It’s been like that a lot for me in that race. I’m getting a little tired of the doldrums when they’re like that, I wish it could be different for a change. I’m not really worried about the bad conditions around the Azores because I won’t be around there when it’s really bad. I hope it’s calmer and more favourable for me in the future.

Alex Thomson (GBR, Hugo Boss): Jean-Pierre Dick is coming in to stronger winds so I guess we’ll find out how stable it is for him when he reaches them. I hope he proceeds with caution and finds a way to finish the race. If I’m asked to assist him, I’ll help him in any way that I can. It looks like it’s going to be windy on the route to Les Sables d’Olonne but it certainly won’t be as bad as it was three or four days ago. It’s still looking like the winds are going to be quite strong, with guts 30 knots. The Bay of Biscay is a quite dangerous place, especially in a winter storm with the continental shelf and deep waves… It’s not going to be very pleasant for sure. Now that I’m going faster, I can’t use my hydrogenerators so I’m having to use the rest of my fuel. I should have enough to be able to get to the finish. My routing has me getting in on the morning or mid day on Tuesday. But things are usually a bit late so if I had to make a guess I would say Tuesday afternoon or evening.


Alex Thomson's hydrogenerators by VendeeGlobeTV

Denis Horeau (Fra, Race Director): François Gabart’s ETA is between 5AM and 10 AM on Sunday morning, which is what both Météo France’s Richars Silvani and François himself are saying. Because of the tide, entering the port will be possible between 1.30 and 7.15 and after that, he’ll have to wait until 2PM. If both Macif and Banque Populaire keep the same speed, which is likely to happen, the gap between them should be between three and six hours at the finish. Hugo Boss should arrive in Les Sables on Monday morning.

Javier Sanso (ESP, Acciona 100% EcoPowered): It’s been very frustrating, the sea looked like an oil bath, there was absolutely no wind. It was beautiful but so slow, I just couldn’t move! The files were definitely not showing that. But it’s better now, I’ve been able to progress. I’m in dinghy mode, I’m having problems with the autopilot, it sails the boat in a straight line, not taking the shifts into account. It’s not too bad, but I’m definitely not at 100% of the boat potential. I try to steer more by hand, I usually do it for a few hours and then I take a break before being back at the helm. That’s the only way for me to make the damage minimal. It’s not exhausting, it’s quite pleasant, actually, even though it can get a little boring. I’m using flags to check the wind direction, I have a French one and a British one. My battery level was 90% yesterday, I’ve had no problem at all on that front, it looks like it will be 100% by the end of the day. I should cross the Equator on the 27th of January, around midnight I guess.

Vendee Globe website


Chandeleur avant l'heure pour Alessandro by VendeeGlobeTV


Résumé du 77e jour de course by VendeeGlobeTV


Tanguy inspecte le dessous de son bateau..... by VendeeGlobeTV


Dernières vues de l'Atlantique sud pour Mirabaud by VendeeGlobeTV


Les secrets d'ACCIONA 100% EcoPowered by VendeeGlobeTV


by Vendee Globe

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=105954

6:33 PM Fri 25 Jan 2013GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
2012 Vendee Globe

Related News Stories:

25 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Final sprint begins
25 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Mike Golding passes back across the Equator
25 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Of Equator crossings and keel-less sailing + Video
25 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Golding completes sixth circumnavigation
25 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - The battle will be bitter to the end
24 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - It’s not over until it’s over + Video
23 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Gabart takes the lead
23 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Golding loses grip on Le Cam
23 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Sympathy, shock and keels of steel + Video
23 Jan 2013  Vendee Globe - Frustrations for Mike Golding
MORE STORIES ...






News - USA and the World

For years the St. Maarten Heineken Regatta has pulled out all the stops when it comes to on the water racing, and on shore parties, which is what has made the event the success that it is ... [more]  

Oman is the most successful nation in the nine-year history of the Extreme Sailing Series™ and with less than a week to go before Act 2 of the 2015 global tour in Muscat 11 – 14 March, the spotlight is inevitably on the home teams The Wave, Muscat and Oman Air. ... [more]  

Superb sailing conditions once again characterized the second day of racing at the Rolex Swan Cup Caribbean 2015. The event, organized by longstanding partners Yacht Club Costa Smeralda, Nautor's Swan and Rolex, is underway at the yacht club's Caribbean base in Virgin Gorda through Saturday 7th March and sees 21 Swan yachts participating. ... [more]  

Studio Borlenghi provide some of these stunning shots from Day 2 of 2015 Rolex Swan Cup Caribbean. ... [more]  

After a spell last night and today during which almost all of the Barcelona World Race fleet were in light or moderate winds, in the Atlantic and the Pacific, it looks more like Transition Time is ringing for many. ... [more]  

Stuart Alexander, one of the world's leading yachting correspondents has been in New Zealand for the past few months, and provided the following perspective on Emirates Team New Zealand's latest media flogging, ahead of the finish of Leg 4 of the Volvo Ocean Race. ... [more]  

Barcelona World Race – Bernard Stamm and Jean Le Cam passed under 5,000 miles to the Barcelona World Race finish line and also crossed over their own outbound track. ... [more]  

Reflecting on his team’s performance on Leg 4 of the Volvo Ocean Race, Team Alvimedica skipper Charlie Enright said the youngest crew in the race had sailed its best leg to date. 'It was our most complete leg so far. But like all these legs it had its ups and downs,' said the 30-year-old Enright. ... [more]  

It’s hot, hot, hot in Miami for the third day of Star racing in the 88th Bacardi Cup and it is the last day the Stars will be alone on the bay, as tomorrow the remaining classes, J/70, M32, Viper 640 and VX One, will begin racing in the sixth BACARDI Miami Sailing Week presented by EFG Bank. ... [more]  

Damian Foxall (IRL), one of the biggest names in offshore sailing, is joining Dongfeng Race Team (Charles Caudrelier/FRA) for the forthcoming Leg 5. Caudrelier and Foxall were on the Groupama boat that won the 2011-12 edition. ... [more]  

Marine industry experts from around the world will convene next week in the Volvo Ocean Race Village at Auckland’s Viaduct Basin for the fifth High Performance Yacht Design conference. The three-day technical conference, 9-11 March, is still open for late registrations ... [more]  

If there was any takeaway for competitors in the regatta's first three races, it's that walking away with the title of Farr 40's Midwinters Champion is not going to be an easy feat. ... [more]  

St. Maarten Heineken Regatta – The Sint Maarten Yacht Club is buzzing today with race crews arriving to register for the Gill Commodore's Cup. Over 2000 sailors are expected to take part and many of them have sailed their yachts to St.Maarten from neighbouring islands. ... [more]  

US Sailing’s Olympic Sailing Committee (OSC) today announced Morgan Reeser (Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.) as the 2014 US Sailing National Coach of the Year, and Todd Fedyszyn (St. Petersburg, Fla.) as the 2014 US Sailing Development Coach of the Year. ... [more]  

The competition for the 2015 Delta Lloyd Regatta looks promising. Especially the registrations for Laser and Laser Radial are well under way. International top sailors like Marit Bouwmeester (Laser Radial) and Bundock & Curtis (Nacra17) are up to the challenge in Medemblik from 24 - 30 May 2015. Races will start from 26 May onwards. ... [more]  

The 21 Swan yachts competing in the second edition of the Rolex Swan Cup Caribbean could not have asked for a more perfect start to the event's four scheduled days of racing in Virgin Gorda. After a rip-roaring race around the island accompanied by 20 to 22 knots of breeze and some serious waves, Swan 80 Selene was the victor in Class A (18.29m and above) while Swan 53 Music led yachts in Class B ... [more]  

Studio Borlenghi provide some of these stunning shots from Day 1 of 2015 Rolex Swan Cup Caribbean. ... [more]  

It can be the most frustrating stage of non-stop round the world racing. After completing the difficult, stressful four or five weeks in the big south, there is an almost inbuilt expectation that, by comparison, after rounding Cape Horn and passing the Falklands milestong, racing up the Atlantic life should be a bowl of cherries. ... [more]  

2015 EFG Winter Cup - Miami is known as the gateway to Latin America. For Viper sailors, it may also be the jumping off point for points east. If you hailed from an island in the Atlantic Ocean, you probably did well at the Winter Cup. ... [more]  

EFG Bank Pan American Championship 2015 - Things are about to get hot in the Viper 640 class, with two Miami regattas in Miami this week, culminating in the EFG Bank Viper 640 Pan-American Championship held during BACARDI Miami Sailing Week, one of the Class’s major championships. ... [more]  

2015 RYC Midwinters overall by Luis Kitchen, San Francisco Bay
For the third year in a row Jonathan Weston aka Hot Donutz wins the RYC Midwinters in a competitive four day series. ... [more]  

2015 Squirrel Bank Regatta - Overall report by Andy Kopetzky, Southern California
Short close chop, hobby-horsing to weather and donning layers of foul weather gear was the order of the day at Del Rey Yacht Club's annual Squirrel Bank Regatta. ... [more]  

Without cutting edge design and engineering, no one wins the America's Cup. In pursuit of their goal, the British team has developed their own sophisticated 3D sailing simulator, modelled on those used by the world of motorsport. ... [more]  

OTUSA AC45 Turbo workout images by pressure-drop.us ... [more]  

Rolex Swan Cup Caribbean – A fleet of 21 Swan yachts, comprising an array of different models from seven different countries and territories will contest an eagerly anticipated week of action in the Virgin Gorda archipelago, the British Virgin Islands tomorrow, Wednesday 4 March. ... [more]  

Heineken Regatta 2015 – Lloyd Thornburg's Phaedo^3 has just finished a swift delivery from Antigua to the island of St Maarten ... [more]  

Photographer Tim Wright captured some of these stunning shots at the start of the RORC Caribbean 600 and along the course at St Barths, Barbuda and Redonda. ... [more]  

Gill Commodore's Cup - Entries on the increase by St. Maarten Heineken Regatta
The Gill Commodore's Cup consists of one day of racing as a stand alone event, immediately prior to the St.Maarten Heineken Regatta and is open to all boat categories taking part in the main event (excluding the Lottery Class). This year there is a record entry with over 70 yachts expected to be taking part. Several tight windward leeward races are planned for the fast performance yachts ... [more]  

After the Volvo Ocean Race finished on Saturday night, Sail-World.com's NZ editor, Richard Gladwell caught up with Ryan Houston from Team Alvimedica. He talks about wanting to sail on a Kiwi boat in the next race - how this race compares with the others in which he has sailed - how small gains seem to be paying well - the vexed issue of AIS on tactics, and more ... [more]  

After the Volvo Ocean Race finished on Saturday night, Sail-World.com's NZ editor, Richard Gladwell caught up with Dave Swete from Team Alvimedica. A product of the RNZYS Youth Program, Swete is on his second Volvo Ocean Race. He touches on the differences between the two programs, the impact that AIS is having on the racing and plenty more ... [more]  

Sail-World.com's New Zealand Editor caught up with Race Director, Jack Lloyd on the floor of the sail-loft in the Volvo Ocean Race Boatyard. In this 15 minute interview, Lloyd gives his view of the progress made as a result of adopting the Volvo 65 One Design ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Image gallery - Tour of the Boatyard by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com NZL
Yesterday Volvo Ocean Race threw open the barriers and let the media have an inside view of the Boatyard at the Viaduct Events Centre The area is open to the public (stay behind the safety barriers) where you can see the boats on the hard, and look inside the Events Centre which has been converted into a massive sail and rigging loft. ... [more]  

Artemis Racing took their development AC45 out on San Francisco Bay, yesterday. Videographer, John Navas was there to catch all the action on high resolution video. ... [more]  

Trofeo Princesa Sofia Iberostar - Ready to welcome the Olympic Sailing
RC44 Championship - New faces and seasoned pros ready to lead
2015 US Grand Slam Series - Requests for Invitation being accepted
Bacardi Miami Sailing Week - Day 1 + Video
Maintain the urgency - Reinstating paralympic sailing in Tokyo 2020
Volvo Ocean Race Village: Have a look around without leaving your seat
2015 WWA Malibu Pro Card Qualifier – Registration open
Doyle Sails and NZ Rigging supply package for new Sydney based Shaw 11
Barcelona World Race - Easier miles at the front
2015 North American Hobie 16 to be held at Pensacola Yacht Club
2015 Hobie Mid-Winter East North America
Volvo Ocean Race: Team Brunel faced big challenges – Recap Leg 4
2015 RORC Caribbean 600 – 66 best yachts and 600 mile thrilling race
ACWS Portsmouth ticket launch – Watch top sailors battling it out
E.E. Manning Regatta – NHYC kids hold it together in restless weather
2015 California Dreamin’ Series-Long Beach Stop – A close fight
Delivery of Phaedo3 MOD 70
Premiere Racing stepping aside after their 21st Key West Race Week
Sol having Serious Fun at the St. Maarten Heineken Regatta
Barcelona World Race – 60 Days at Sea– Atlantic opens up for the fleet
Volvo Ocean Race: Images from Auckland - Media Conference and more   
Volvo Ocean Race: Iker Martinez returns to Mapfre as skipper   
Miami Sailing Week – Bacardi Cup preview   
Volvo Ocean Race: Leg 4 finishes at night after a tense day *Feature   
Farr 40 International Circuit - Plenty team hungry for more   
Coast Guard continues search for San Diego sailor   
Sonar Class has a new builder for Sonar   
Rio officials probe source of fish die-off in Olympic waters   
St. Maarten Heineken Regatta - An island-wide effort   
Volvo Ocean Race: Images ashore after Leg 4   
Volvo Ocean Race: Images from the finish of Leg 4   
Volvo Ocean Race-Brasileiro ajuda barco espanhol a vencer quarta etapa   
RYA Suzuki Dinghy Show - a British tradition   
Eight minutes between Podium players as Spanish win VOR leg 4   
Volvo Ocean Race - Leg 4 - fleet arrives in Auckland and the winner is   
Volvo Ocean Race - Leg 4 - the fleet approaches Auckland   
Volvo Ocean Race - Less than 10 miles to Auckland finish   
2015 RORC Caribbean 600 - Third time lucky for happy Hap   
Volvo Ocean Race: Leg 4 Finish - Auckland - Live Video and Updates   
Barcelona World Race - Neutrogena crosses Cape Horn with 40 knots wind   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT