sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery

 

Sail-World.com : Gladwell's Line: Ainslie Racing plans novel approach to America's cup

Gladwell's Line: Ainslie Racing plans novel approach to America's cup

'Ben Ainslie, pictured on the podium at the Finn - Weymouth and Portland International Regatta 2011'    © Richard Langdon/Skandia Team GBR    Click Here to view large photo

Ben Ainslie, winner of four Olympic medals, three of them Gold, will hold a media conference on Tuesday 10 June at 10.00am local time, to announce his plans post 2012.

The announcement will be made at the Royal Festival Hall, London and will be carried live on Sail-World. The announcement is scheduled to run for 30-40 minutes.

Ainslie is expected to announce his sailing direction beyond the 2012 Olympics, in which he has been nominated to represent Britain in the Heavyweight Singlehander (Finn) class.

The British newspaper Daily Telegraph?nid=92735, reports in today's edition, ahead of a media conference scheduled for Tuesday morning local time, that Ainslie will announce a team to be backed by the America's Defender's Patron, software billionaire, Larry Ellison.

The team will seek commercial sponsors with Oracle Racing handling the underwrite.

It is reported that Ainslie will drop three America's Cup World Series regattas in 2012, as he prepares for the 2012 Olympics. However after August 2012, he will shift the Oracle Racing team as a helmsman, effectively giving the Defender a third team on the ten team ACWS circuit. His first regatta will be in September 2012 in San Francisco.



Under the terms of the Protocol for the 34th America's Cup the team, to be known as Ben Ainslie Racing, will have to be entered by a yacht club, believed to be Royal Cornwall Yacht Club (since confirmed).

Under the terms of the 19th century Deed of Gift for the America's Cup, only yacht clubs of foreign countries (ie not from the same country as the Defender) can Challenge (subject to meeting three basic conditions).

Simply in the current edition of the America's Cup, if your yacht club is not US based, you are by definition, a Challenger, and have the right under the Deed of Gift, to make a Challenge for the America's Cup. There is no place for a 'Chall-Fender'.


Larry Ellison in flight mode during the 2010 America’s Cup -  © Richard Gladwell?nid=92735   Click Here to view large photo
In terms of event administration, stemming from the Deed of Gift, teams are divided into being on the Defender or Challenger side of the competition. It's like drafting sheep - you go one way or the other.

That basic requirement is further enshrined under Part 1 of the Protocol governing the the America's Cup, and America's Cup World Series. A team must have a club, and by definition a country. A team cannot race in its own right.

Quite how a team can be entered by a Club who is not from the country of origin of the Defender, and is therefore a Challenger, but is openly funded by the Defender's prime backer, is a routine of mental gymnastics that few would seriously attempt to explain on grounds of other than expediency.

In the America's Cup proper, there are believed to be only four teams entered, who will compete in the AC72 open design class of wingsailed catamaran. The other six teams at this stage have only entered the America's Cup World Series sailed in the one design AC45 class.

A new one for the Cup

The announcement of the new team is a novel approach, in the America's Cup's 160 year history, where a team is entered by a Challenger, and is reported as being funded by the backer of the Defender.

The move begs comparison with the much maligned Club Nautico Espanol de Vela which was the puppet Challenger of Record of the 2007 Defender Societe Nautique de Geneve. That arrangement was frequently described by the Golden Gate Yacht Club, now the Defender, as a sham - a view that was ultimately endorsed by the New York Supreme Court after a protracted Court battle.

In the circumstances, it is difficult to see how Ben Ainslie Racing, or more properly its UK club, could be accepted as a bona fide first tier (AC72 class) Challenger for the America's Cup, requiring the payment of an additional USD200,000 - a sum, which in the grand scheme of things, is mere ice-cream money.

Oh, and then there is a the $40million or so required to get a basic one AC72 campaign onto the start line.


Ben Ainslie (helm) onboard Team Origin Extreme 40 preparing for the 2009 JPMorgan Asset Management Round the Island Race. -  onEdition ©?nid=92735   Click Here to view large photo
To be accepted as a AC72 Challenger, the UK club would have to meet the requirements of the Deed of Gift and America's Cup Protocol. That would not normally be an issue - except that the club handling that vetting process is the Defender, Golden Gate Yacht Club. Even in the bizzare world of the America's Cup, which has few surprises left for even the most cynical of observers, such a scenario would seem to be a massive stretch in credibility. It's not going to happen.

It is more likely that Ainslie will be come a Defender in drag, and will form a key part of the Defence team in their AC72 campaign, while continuing to race in the ACWS under the Ben Ainslie Racing banner, and with an eye to a British backed campaign in the 35th America's Cup.

It is a distinct possibility that the entry of Ben Ainslie Racing will have to be sanctioned by the International Jury.

The simple issue lies in his choice of yacht club. Had Ainslie selected a US yacht club for his team, and then come in on the Defender side of the America's Cup, there would be no gripes, and good on him for getting another team off the ground.

Or, he runs with his alma mater, Royal Cornwall, and comes into the America's Cup as a Challenger, and drops out after Naples in May 2013, until the 35th America's Cup gets underway in a new form. No problem with that, and good on Ainslie for getting traction with a new team.

But you can't swap sides at half-time.

Yep, some will point to the provision in the Protocol which says that crew cannot change teams once the Regatta (Louis Vuitton Cup and America's Cup Match) has started. They will note that Ainslie is really working in his best interests as an individual - working on getting a viable Challenger entity running in the ACWS, and then switching to the Defence side to get his best ride for the 34th America's Cup.

What has many of the Cup aficionados shaking their heads is the head of a Challenger team saying he will work in the best interests of the Defender. If that is the intention, why not come in on the Defender side from the outset?

And then there is the issue of the Protocol stipulation that a team may enter a second AC45 in the ACWS. Oracle Racing already have two. Is Ben Ainslie Racing a third, given that he will be working for the team on the AC72 program post August 2012?

The key will come in the crew selection. Running with an English born crew who are not associated with Oracle Racing will lend credibility to his objective of building a British Team aimed at the 35th America's Cup, however it won't do much to assist Oracle Racing building two 11 man crews required to run their two AC72's. It will be interesting to follow just how this vital aspect of BAR is handled.

PostScript:

This story was written before the official announcement. Since then it has been pointed out that it is now possible to enter and compete in the ACWS without entering the America's Cup. This change in the Protocol was made some time after its initial publication (there have been 10 amendments), and was one of a number of measures that came in along with the reduction and scrapping of performance bonds and the like which greatly reduced the cost of entry into the ACWS and America's Cup.

The International Jury in a recent ruling on a separate matter, said in discussion, that the two events ACWS and America's Cup Regatta, were not in fact separate but were a single, albeit two tiered event.

Under the current draft of the Protocol, a team may enter only two teams in the ACWS, which Oracle Racing has done.

Ben Ainslie Racing have not yet announced their crew. Their entry is at the pending stage - in other words it is still being vetted by the Trustee, who is also the Defender, Golden Gate Yacht Club. An announcement on that will no doubt be made in due course.

The sting lies in the fact that the Protocol also has provisions regarding Neutral Management, specifically in Article 3 requires the named organising parties requires to 'act in the best interests of all Competitors collectively', and 'not unreasonably favor the interests of any Competitor over another'. Clearly GGYC cannot accept the RCYC/BAR entry if that unreasonably favored their GGYC's own interests.

In the same vein there are several ways in which BAR could race in the ACWS, and be beyond question, despite Ainslie's role with the Defender, his expressed hope that the Defender wins, and that he will do anything required of him, to help them achieve that outcome.


Recent Jury Decisions in new light

The Ainslie/Oracle move is also interesting in the light of two recent International Jury Interpretations.

The first interpretation, requested by the Defender, can now be seen as a two tentacled approach over the rules governing the America's Cup. GGYC sought to clarify how a partnership between two teams could work together without compromising each other in terms of the America's Cup, and particularly being able to design, race and train together in the AC72 class.

Ben Ainslie still has some unresolved issues post the Fremantle - ISAF World Sailing Championships -  Robert Deaves-Finn Class©?nid=92735;  
Those responses from the Int Jury can now be seen to be applicable to the Oracle Racing and Ben Ainslie Racing relationship, as much as they were aimed at setting some controlling ground rules for the already announced Luna Rossa and Emirates Team New Zealand relationship.

The second Int Jury Decision, posted yesterday, governed the voting rights of second tier teams, or so-called minnows, who were competing in the America's Cup World Series only, and were not entered in the America's Cup Regatta. That decision said that only teams who were entered in the America's Cup Regatta could vote on matters concerning that event (ie the America's Cup Match and the Louis Vuitton Cup) and the AC72 class.

As a matter of interpretation the International Jury determined that the ACWS and America's Cup Regatta were, in fact, one series, but with a two tiered competition structure.

In other words all teams entered in the America's Cup Regatta had to enter the America's Cup World Series, but it was optional for the ACWS teams as to whether they paid the additional entry fee ($200,000), and substantial campaign costs (starring at $40million) to step up to the big league of the AC72's.

While that is a logical definition of the current America's Cup/World Series game, it remains to be seen as to how Ben Ainslie Racing and Royal Cornwall Yacht Club can jump the fence in the way that seems to be contemplated, where they trying to have their cake and eat it, too.

The whole scenario is of course might be predicated by Ben Ainslie not receiving a Racing Rule 69 sanction from either the Royal Yachting Association or the International Sailing Federation, over the contretemps which occurred in the final stages of the ISAF World Sailing Championships in the Finn class. The International Jury at the event banned the current world champion, and at that stage series leader, for the next two races, and he finished in 11th place overall.

The follow up procedure requires RYA and ISAF to receive a report on the incident and determine what other action and penalty may be appropriate.

The press conference to announce Ben Ainslie Racing will start at approximately 1000 GMT on Tuesday 10 Jan and will run for 30-45 minutes. Once the press conference is over, a replay will be looped for 24 hours.




by Richard Gladwell

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=92735

12:24 AM Tue 10 Jan 2012 GMT






Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
2013 America's Cup
2011-13 America's Cup World Series

Related News Stories:

29 Sep 2014  America's Cup: Oracle Team USA's AC72 takes to the streets
27 Sep 2014  America's Cup: Then and now - Coutts on why Oracle won, and the Venue
09 Aug 2014  America's Cup: Former Artemis crew member says danger is being ignored
27 May 2014  America's Cup: Oracle Team USA under stress
23 May 2014  America's Cup: Oracle and Team NZ designers reveal AC72 secrets
22 May 2014  America's Cup: Artemis death verdict 'result of an human act'
10 May 2014  A year after the Artemis incident, the sailors tell of the pain
01 May 2014  America's Cup: Oracle and Team NZ tech insights - Free lecture tonight
16 Apr 2014  America's Cup: Expected de Ridder penalty should be reduced
14 Apr 2014  America's Cup: Dean Barker's Blog - A sail with the Duke and Duchess
MORE STORIES ...

News - USA and the World

Today, Ben Ainslie Racing (BAR) took to the water for the first time from their temporary base in Southampton, sailing their foiling AC45. The boat originally raced under BAR colours during the America’s Cup World Series in 2012-13, and has subsequently been modified to fly on hydrofoils. ... [more]  

As of the 2140UTC report on Day 10 of the first Leg of the Volvo Ocean Race, the placings on the water on the water had not changed during the day, but the distances between the boats had reduced. The two easternmost boats, Abu Dhabi Ocean Racing continued to lead but is only 4nm ahead of Team Brunel with about 600nm to sail to the turning mark of Fernando de Noronha 220nm off the coast of Brazil. ... [more]  

The calm weather returned on day five of the La Torche PWA Grand Slam as the wave sailors recovered from yesterday’s punishing, but brilliant, conditions. After a chilly start, with the thermometer reading just five degrees celsius, the temperature soon rose with the appearance of the sun, making for another stunning autumn day. ... [more]  

Day five of the Rolex Middle Sea Race has proved a day of reckoning for the competing fleet. The forecast strong northwesterly wind has arrived and consistently blown over 25 knots with gusts exceeding 40 knots. The effect has been to catapult the previously slow moving yachts towards the finish line in Malta. ... [more]  

A day and a night of uncertainty - later, the Doldrums will come to an end for the Volvo Ocean Race teams. By tomorrow morning, the fleet should be sailing safely in the southeasterly trade winds. So – who won this equatorial lottery? What was the best place to cross this convergence zone, where two hemispheres and two weather systems collide? ... [more]  

Known for erratic light airs alternating with sudden gusts that can last a minute or an hour from the giant unstable vertical clouds, the Doldrums (aka more officially the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone) are the unavoidable low-point of leg 1 of the Volvo Ocean Race for the determined men on Dongfeng. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15. Onboard Team Alvimedica. The synopsis is pretty straightforward: we are stuck in the Doldrums. Stuck, and stuck real good. All things considered, yesterday was actually pretty decent. We had a quick morning rainsquall that was able to power us south through the first line of ITCZ clouds already towering above our heads by 10AM. ... [more]  

Rolex Middle Sea Race - Artie gunning for glory by Media Royal Malta Yacht Club
Lee Satariano's Maltese J/122, Artie has emerged as the hot favourite to become the overall winner of the 2014 Rolex Middle Sea Race. However, at 16:00 CET, Artie was still 80 miles from the finish and the Mistral storm is still raging. In addition, there are several yachts behind Artie that could still claim the overall prize. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15, Onboard Team SCA. Today I would like to share another perspective with you. Given the kind messages from Team SCA followers that we have been receiving onboard (thank you!), it would seem daily reports from our onboard reporter Miss Halloran and our onshore media crew have been doing a wonderful job of sharing our journey thus far. ... [more]  

The 17th edition of the Rolex Farr 40 World Championship took place from 15-18 October in San Francisco, USA. Hosted by the St. Francis Yacht Club, the 2014 Rolex Farr 40 Worlds welcomed 19 international entrants - comprising teams from Australia, Canada, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Turkey and the United States. ... [more]  

After two days of intense racing at the 2014 RS:X Youth Worlds in Clearwater, both fleets have completed a full schedule of six light-wind races, and they’ve earned their lay day! Very light and shifty winds were forecast for the day, and it was a nice surprise to see a seven knot side-off breeze fill in early from the North. ... [more]  

Rolex Middle Sea Race - Big breeze and lumpy seas by Media Royal Malta Yacht Club
There are 92 yachts still racing in the Rolex Middle Sea Race. The expected frontal system arrived around Midnight last night at the northwest corner of the course. Reports of storm force winds and big seas have been received by the Race Committee and 25 yachts had officially retired from the race by 15:00 CET on Wednesday 22 October. ... [more]  

Justin 'Judd' Goldman was 17 years old when he suffered a disabling bone disease. After realizing that there were few sports that he could participate in he discovered sailing. Over the next 58 years he competed successfully in many races throughout the world. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Blogs from the Boats - Leg 1, Day 10 plus Videos *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.nz/com
Several of the On Board Reporters aboard, provide their unique views of Leg 1, Day 10 of the Volvo Ocean Race - in text, images and video: You know when you try to stick two positive magnets together and regardless as to how close you get them they never touch? Well, the ITCZ is a bit like that. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Leg 1 turns inside out in Doldums *Feature by Richard Gladwell, Sail-World.com/nz
As reported earlier Leg 1 of the Volvo Ocean Race would seem to have gone from being a tightly fought contest to being a procession to Cape Town. Even though only 40% of the course has been sailed, the distance between the boats are significant (other than the two lead boats) and look set to increase. ... [more]  

Student Yachting World Cup - After those days of sun and light air, the weather was upside-down with a cloudy sky threatening us of heavy shower at any time and a strong wind fluctuating from 15 knots to 25 knots! Two windward-leeward races took place today as the wind became far too heavy in the early afternoon. The 13th race began this morning: a second start occurred under black flag. ... [more]  

2014 Argo Group Gold Cup - Over the last few days there have been frantic phone calls between travel agents from competitors at the Argo Group Gold Cup, the sixth stage and the oldest event on the Alpari World Match Racing Tour. Over Friday night and into Saturday the Category Three Hurricane Gonzalo passed directly over Bermuda pummelling it with 100+ knot winds. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Big gains for two boats in Doldrums *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
Two boats have made big gains in the Doldrums, with the western-most competitors apparently not stopping and sailing though the convergence zone between northern and southern hemispheres, without dropping below 8kts. Team Brunel and Abh Dhabi Ocean Racing have both made big gains on the rest of the fleet - and the two easternmost boats - Team Vestas Wind and Mapfre, in particular. ... [more]  

In spite of Hurricane Gonzalo's thrashing of the Onion Patch last week, the Royal Bermuda Yacht Club and the people of Bermuda are ready to host the 2014 Argo Group Gold Cup, Stage 6 of the Alpari World Match Racing Tour (AWMRT). All 20 teams have arrived safely from their corners of the world and will practice for a day and race on Wednesday. ... [more]  

While the Renaissance Re Junior Gold Cup always offers opportunities for young people to have new experiences, coping with Hurricane Gonzalo offered the 14 competitors traveling from overseas to Bermuda a hurdle that strengthened their respect for this island nation. Many of the 14 competitors spent layover time in either hotels or airports and some are now guests in homes without electricity. ... [more]  

Dynamic Stability Systems welcomes last week’s decision by IMOCA to place no further restrictions on its class rule. This permits both the six new IMOCA 60s currently under construction, as well as the existing fleet, to be fitted with the lateral lifting foils which DSS has spent the last decade pioneering. ... [more]  

Groupe Beneteau today announced its sponsorship of the US Sailing Team Sperry Top-Sider and ISAF Sailing World Cup Miami. Groupe Beneteau is the world's leading yacht builder, and will now become a significant presence in high-performance sailing with its support of both the US national sailing team and North America's premier Olympic and Paralympic classes regatta. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15. It’s the place where the northern and southern winds meet, where a sailing race can be won or lost in an instant. And with its complex and confusing conditions, lack of breeze, and stifling heat – it’s also a place that most sailors can’t wait to see the back of. But there is one good thing about the Doldrums. ... [more]  

The Atlantic has proved to be a test for the VO65s in the Volvo Ocean Race and their teams as a battle of gybing down the west coast of Africa broke out, keeping all boats in a relatively tight-knit pack for much longer than expected. Having passed Morocco and the Canaries, we were drawn to the tricky-to-handle magnet of Cape Verde. ... [more]  

It’s the dawn of a complicated day in the Volvo Ocean Race. Let’s face it: we’re not having a very good time on Dongfeng. We lost distance last night, and our leading position. The day got dull afterwards. Sailing straight ahead, with the spinnaker up, in light winds. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15, Day 10 onboard Team SCA. Two days, eight hours, thirty-four minutes, and ten seconds, nine seconds, eight, seven, six, five… over the last few days the clock has gotten louder and louder as it counts down to October 23rd at noon—the time when we cross the equator and the time when myself and six other sailors join the rest of our crew in King Neptune’s court. ... [more]  

For Pablo Arrarte Elorza, the Volvo Ocean Race is a tough challenge. Not as far as physical effort is concerned because this likeable Spaniard is a very strong guy. For Pablo, the race is mostly a culinary war of attrition because the food that the team has bought with it on the race does little to please his gourmet palate. ... [more]  

The 2014 RS:X Youth Worlds kicked off on October 20th in Clearwater, USA, and it was hard work from the start: in 5-6 kt of breeze, offshore to start the day and side-on to close it, pumping was in order for the 54 boys and 28 girls gathered here for the 2014 RS:X Youth World Windsurfing Championships. ... [more]  

The team at The St. Maarten Heineken Regatta are very happy to announce that entries are now open for the 2015 Regatta, taking place March 5 - 8. The team hopes to see lots of return entries as well as new ones this year, all coming to celebrate the event's 35th year. In order to celebrate this milestone year, there will be some new features this coming season. ... [more]  

After three complete days at sea only three boats competing in the 2014 Rolex Middle Sea Race have passed the northwest tip of Sicily, roughly the halfway point of the race. The prevailing wind remains weak, but is expected to strengthen this afternoon coinciding with the arrival of bulk of the fleet t the Egadi Islands. ... [more]  

Last week the Volvo Ocean Race was all about VMG downwind sailing, with Dongfeng being the star performer. After DFRT took the lead, they shortly lost it again 36 hours later after hitting something in the water and losing their rudder. Two hours later they were up and running again with the spare in. Impressive stuff. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race: Blogs from the Boats - Leg 1, Day 9 plus Videos *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.nz/com
Several of the On Board Reporters aboard, provide their unique views of Leg 1, Day 9 of the Volvo Ocean Race - in text, images and video. ... [more]  

Rolex Middle Sea Race 2014 - Fight to the finish by Media Royal Malta Yacht Club
Igor Simicic's maxi, Esimit Europa 2 is expected to finish the Rolex Middle Sea Race in the early hours of tomorrow morning. However the 100ft carbon fibre canting keel Maxi is under serious pressure to secure their fourth Line Honours victory in the race. ... [more]  

Student Yachting World Cup - Fourth race day + Video
New improved swell forecasting and more locations from PredictWind
Volvo Ocean Race: Day 9 final report - Lead continually changing
Renaissance Re Junior Gold Cup - An opportunity for growth
Volvo Ocean Race: Fleet charges the door of the Doldrums Casino *Feature
La Torche PWA Grand Slam - Light winds on day 3
Volvo Ocean Race: Navigators throw away the routing textbook
Volvo Ocean Race - The Doldrums, a navigational nightmare + Video
Rolex Middle Sea Race - Maltese yachts top the leader board
Star Sailors League Finals - Torben Grael and Jorge Zarif join fleet
Volvo Ocean Race - Team Alvimedica heads for the Doldrums
Volvo Ocean Race - Team SCA, a crew on a mission
Thailand bids for 2016 IODA ‘Optimist’ World Championships
Farr 40 Worlds: Prizegiving images from the Final day in San Francisco
Bill Green - builder and sailor passes on
ISAF World Sailing Rankings – 20 October 2014
Farr 40 Worlds: Images from the Final day in San Francisco *Feature
Farr 40 Worlds: Images from Day 2 in San Francisco *Feature
Rolex Middle Sea Race 2014 - A hard day's night
34th Student Yachting World Cup 2014 - Second race day
Volvo Ocean Race: Dongfeng loses lead, anyone's race ahead of Doldrums *Feature   
Flying Dreams 'An Ocean Story': The Movie   
New super maxis gear up for Rolex Sydney Hobart   
Volvo Ocean Race: Blogs from the Boats - Leg 1, Day 8 plus Videos *Feature   
Linda Elias Memorial Women’s One Design Challenge - Youngerman wins   
2014 Off Valparaíso Race - Santander team victorious   
La Torche PWA Grand Slam - Waves continue to pound on day 2   
Volvo Ocean Race: Dongfeng consolidates lead on Day 8 *Feature   
RS:X Youth World Championships - All set for Clearwater action   
Rolex Middle Sea Race 2014 - Slow road north   
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 – Dongfeng Race Team - A risky call   
Rolex Middle Sea Race 2014 - Escaping the shroud of Mount Etna   
Farr 40 Worlds: Day 4 Image and Video gallery *Feature   
Australian 18 Footers League’s Major A. Frizelle Trophy   
Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15 - Leader gambles on Island windshadow   
2014 Sailing World Cup Qingdao - Final day video highlights   
2014 Rolex Farr 40 World Championship - Plenty of time   
Coast Guard rescues two near Wachapreague   
2014 Off Valparaíso Race - Day 2   
La Torche PWA Grand Slam - Massive swell on day 1   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL VIR US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT