sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Photo Gallery Video Gallery
Sail-World.com : America's Cup - 1970: Revelations from the Race Committee Chairman
America's Cup - 1970: Revelations from the Race Committee Chairman


'Cover: Gretel II Disqualified by Dev Barker, available from Amazon.com'       Click Here to view large photo

The 1970 America's Cup Match between the revamped Defender, Intrepid, and the Australian Challenger, Gretel II, attracted much media attention for the drama that occurred on the water and was replayed in Protest Room.

Often overlooked is the view that while Intrepid continued a long succession of successful Defences, Gretel II failed to win a Cup - despite having the faster boat. This Match should have been the first victory by a Challenger. Instead, after a grueling Defence selection series, Intrepid successfully prevailed through a combination of sound tactics and minimal errors.

(Interestingly the same scenario was set to repeat in 1983, but Australia II was able to come back from being down 3-1 against the slower Liberty, and complete the task that should have been achieved 13 years earlier.)

The startline incident in the re-run of Race 2 of the 1970 America's Cup, is probably one of the most, if not the most enduring racing rules controversies in America's Cup history. Certainly the nuances of the incident are still studied and evaluated by contemporary rules students.

The relatively young Chairman of the New York Yacht Club's Race Committee, Dev Barker (31) was in the firing line from the Australian afterguard, their rules advisers, and Syndicate Head, the newspaper magnate, Sir Frank Packer.

The Australians got off to a poor start to the series, breaking their spinnaker pole and losing a bowman overboard.

Then in Race 2 the New York Yacht Club's Race Committee, called off the race after it was into its fourth leg. Intrepid was ahead at Mark 3, the Australians and Sir Frank Packer's media, had it that the Australians had caught Intrepid and were in fact in front at the time the NYYC's Race Committee called the race off.

In this excerpt from a new book, by Dev Barker, then Chairman of the New York Yacht Club's Race Committee, outlines the first attempt to run Race 2 of the 1970 America's Cup - called off after the start because of the fog, after Coast Guard intervention.

Intrepid leads Gretel II into the fog - 1970 America’s Cup - Intrepid vs Gretel II -     Click Here to view large photo

He writes:

The famous Race 2 that involved a collision at the starting line followed by a controversial protest decision actually was the second Race 2. An earlier sailing of Race 2 became the very first race in the 120-year history of the America’s Cup to be abandoned in progress by the race committee. It took place on Friday, September 18, 1970, has become known as the 'fog race,' and has acquired a certain notoriety of its own.

The New York YC race committee’s usual rule-of-thumb for starting races on foggy days: We needed to be able to clearly see the buoy end of the starting line, set to be approximately 400 yards in length from the committee boat, during the entire 20-minute starting sequence.

The race got underway in perhaps a half-mile of visibility at 12:30. In a nine-knot breeze, Gretel ll led at the start and by almost two minutes at the weather mark. But Intrepid sailed lower and faster with a more effective spinnaker on the reaches and had gained a 46 second lead at the third mark. She was still in the lead on the fourth leg when thicker fog descended.

Media aboard on of the press boats, the Coast Guard cutter, Point Turner - 1970 America’s Cup - Intrepid vs Gretel II -     Click Here to view large photo
In match racing there is not much point to the race if you are unable to see your opponent. Also, it is dangerous with a large, disorganized spectator fleet crowding the course from all sides. With visibility down to 200 yards or less, the Coast Guard patrol commander, calling from the 380’ Coast Guard Cutter Chase, implored us to stop the race. After as much delay as we could possibly engineer, we reluctantly did so in the interests of safety. And, as if to emphasize that it was the correct decision, a half-hour later the wind had quit entirely.

To clarify, there had been any number of Cup races that didn’t finish because the six-hour time limit expired, but this was the very first time in Cup history that a race in progress had been abandoned which by definition in the racing rules is 'one which the race committee declares void at any time after the starting signal and which can be resailed at its discretion.'

Over the years, books and magazine articles have quoted the Australians as being critical of our decision, because, first, they thought they might have been ahead at the time; and, secondly, the fog wasn’t all that thick. Our action has been cited as an example of the NYYC race committee making a decision to benefit its own boat. I provide the detail that follows in order to balance the record.

Why did I not set the record straight sooner? Primary reason: At the time, I was on the editorial staff of a magazine and it just did not seem appropriate to me or to my employer to do so. Also, as former chairman Bill Fanning liked to quote what the poet James Whitcomb Riley once replied when asked how he was going to handle a critic, 'I’ll hit him with a big chunk of silence.'

Keep in mind that the America’s Cup course had six legs-a triangle followed by windward and leeward legs and then a final beat to the finish for a total distance of 24.3 nautical miles. So the committee boat had to relocate after the start in order to finish the race at the weather mark. Here is the procedure we had followed all summer: By the time the boats were approaching the end of the triangle, we had our anchor up and had positioned ourselves to be able to record the margin at the third mark. We then followed the race up the fourth leg, staying closely astern and roughly halfway between the two boats.

New York Yacht Club Race Committee Chairman, Dev Barker (31) reads the decision of the Race Committee after the second protest on Race 2. To the right is Bob Bavier, skipper of Constellation in 1964, who was the moderator for the press conferences in 1970 - 1970 America’s Cup, Intrepid vs Gretel II -     Click Here to view large photo
As the visibility deteriorated, we were able to follow the boats on the committee boat Incredible’s radar. We were keeping track and we knew the race was close but that Intrepid was indeed ahead. We had one of our most experienced committee members, Charlie Morgan, aboard Chase and we knew the ship had slowed way down and essentially given up trying to keep the race course clear. We were in touch with the defender and challenger tenders (which had radar) and asked the tenders to report if and when they lost visual contact with each one’s sailing vessel. A few minutes later, the tenders did so, almost simultaneously.

The previous winter I had given some thought to the possibility of having to abandon a race, even though it had never happened before. We discussed it at meetings, but when the Sailing Instructions were printed they were silent on the subject. After an incident in the Challenger Trials in August when France became lost in fog and retired from the race, we prepared the following Notice which was issued the day before the Match began at the Captain’s Meeting:

'The Sailing Instructions in no way inhibit the power of the Race Committee to abandon a race under Rule 5.1(b), but in accordance with the Conditions, a course will not be shortened. Notice of abandonment will be given to your tenders over VHF channel 6....'

At that moment, we felt blessed to have the procedure spelled out and available.

Sir Frank Packer watches from the Australian tender, Pearl Necklace - 1970 America’s Cup - Intrepid vs Gretel II -     Click Here to view large photo
Finally, an incredibly detailed recollection 42 years after the fact from Intrepid tactician Steve Van Dyck: 'Gretel II was abeam to leeward 5.5 boat lengths (stadimeter reading) on the fourth leg when the race was abandoned. We had really started to move on them as we had a little more pressure filling in with the fog. She was right on the edge of being totally beyond our visibility. Upon abandonment I promptly said to Bill Ficker ‘it is a damn good thing we are ahead.’ To which he said ‘boy are you right!’ We were employing a tight cover at the time and would not have let her go off in the fog to 'strike gold.' I was very alarmed at racing in the fog with the extreme danger of the spectator fleet milling around out of control and not being able to avoid a damaging collision.'

That a race could be abandoned at the discretion of the Race Committee became one of the significant legacies of the Race 2 controversies to survive. Nearly the exact same language that was so useful that day in 1970 entered the America’s Cup Conditions for the 1974 match.

Sail-World: The rerun of Race 2 became significant in America's Cup and Racing Rules history for the incident which occurred at the start as Intrepid passed between the Challenger Gretel II and the stern of the Committee Boat.

The 1970 America's Cup was riddled with protests, starting with two on the first race, prompting Australian syndicate head, Sir Franck Packer to quip that 'Protesting to the New York Yacht Club is like complaining to your mother-in-law about your wife'.

The book entitled: 'Gretel II Disqualified' takes the reader inside the Race Committee Room of the New York Yacht Club. It is significant, as it is very rare, if not unique for the Chairman of the Race Committee break with the tradition of confidentiality of the Protest Room.

At the time he chaired the Race Committee of the New York Yacht Club in 1970, Dev Barker was only 31 years old. Of equal significance is the fact that while Gretel II was defeated by Intrepid, the Australian Challenger was reckoned by many to be the faster boat.

The book, published in April 2013, can be purchased on Amazon.com by clicking here

1970 America’s Cup - Startline incident - Left frame- Intrepid approaches to windward of Gretel II. In the right hand frame, Gretel II tries to 'shut the gate' on the US Defender -     Click Here to view large photo


1970 America’s Cup - Startline incident - Left frame - Intrepid passes between the bow of Gretel II and the Committee Boat. In the right hand frame, Intrepid sails away. -     Click Here to view large photo


by Devereux Barker III

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=109875

7:41 AM Tue 28 May 2013GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
2013 America's Cup

Related News Stories:

27 May 2013  America's Cup: Review Recommendations not all sweeetness and light
25 May 2013  America's Cup: Images from San Francisco - Workout on Day 2
25 May 2013  America's Cup: Emirates Team NZ and Oracle Team USA line up - Video
24 May 2013  America's Cup: Spectacular video of Emirates Team NZ under Golden Gate
24 May 2013  America's Cup: Review Recommendations not expected to be an easy meal
24 May 2013  America's Cup: Images from San Francisco Bay - First sail for three
24 May 2013  America's Cup: Three AC72's sail on San Francisco Bay
23 May 2013  America's Cup: Artemis Racing continuing for time being in Regatta
23 May 2013  America's Cup: Emirates Team NZ welcomes Murray's report
23 May 2013  America's Cup: Regatta Director presents safety recommendations early
MORE STORIES ...






News - USA and the World

Audi Melges 20 North American Championship - Tortoises, and the hare by International Audi Melges 20 Class Association
Racking up wins across North America including the U.S. Nationals, Canadian National Championship and most recently the Pacific Coast Championship, Gomes Neto has remained unfazed and is heading into their biggest challenge yet with a stacked fleet this coming weekend on San Francisco Bay. ... [more]  

2015 ISAF Sailing World Cup Miami - On-line entry will open on November 10, 2014 mocr.ussailing.org/!here!new. The deadline for priority entries with regards to quotas is December 5, 2014. Entries must be received no later than January 5, 2015 to qualify for early entry. ... [more]  

Having won the first race of the 2014 Melges Worlds in Lake Garda and finishing in high in the overall standings, Liam, with team Wildman, Stephanie Roble on strategy, Erik Shampain on trim, Steve Hunt on main and tactics, turns his focus to the 2014 Melges 20 North Americans running this week on San Francisco Bay and the 2015 Audi Melges 20 Worlds coming to SF Bay next year. ... [more]  

Team Vestas Wind's On Board Reporter, Brian Carlin, compiled an interesting gallery of images during the crew's delivery voyage and race qualifier. These are not the usual shots we have come to expect from the Volvo Ocean Race but rather some very clever and outstanding camera work. ... [more]  

It’s back to work for Peter Burling and Blair Tuke, at the Extreme Sailing Series, Nice. After taking a week off after their win at the 49er world championships in Spain and now they’re at Nice, France, for another hectic few days at the Extreme Sailing Series. ... [more]  

With light winds continuing to dominate on day six of the Davidoff Cool Water Sylt PWA Super Grand Slam, the decision was made to begin the Reno SUP Challenge during the afternoon, which saw twelve teams battling it out in heats of two for a place in tomorrow’s final, to keep the crowds entertained. ... [more]  

Three America's Cup sailors have been named in the top 20 sports earners, in a list published in the New Zealand Herald this week. Topping the list is Sir Russell Coutts with a claimed earnings of $13million. He is just a $1million ahead of an English Premier League player, Winston Reid, and motor racing ace, Scott Dixon. All Black captain, Ritchie McCaw is ranked #5. ... [more]  

Photographer Carlo Borlenghi was on deck for day three of Les Voiles de Saint Tropez to capture these stunning images of the action. ... [more]  

Melges 32 World Championship - Prepare for off-the-charts action by International Melges 32 Class Association
Entering its sixth World Championship season, the International Melges 32 Class Association has raced at arguably every world-class venue on the globe, has seen the most respected pro and amateur sailors on its courses and most importantly, learned valuable lessons of what owners and sailors want so that the Melges 32 continues to be strongest one design grand prix sportboat on the planet. ... [more]  

The IFDS Rankings for Paralympic Classes have been released. It's a British 1-2 at the top of the 2.4mR Rankings with Megan Pascoe at world number one and Helena Lucas at world number two. 2014 World Champion Heiko Kroger (GER) sits at world number seven but counts less regattas than those above him. ... [more]  

The International Sailing Federation (ISAF) and Rolex are happy to reveal the Nominees for the ISAF Rolex World Sailor of the Year Awards 2014. ISAF received nominations for the 2014 Awards from across the world for sailors representing all aspects of the sport. ... [more]  

Like the name implies, the goal of the boater-funded BoatUS Foundation for Boating Safety and Clean Water is to educate boaters about safe and clean boating. The Foundation is looking to fund Grassroots Grant projects that utilize new, innovative approaches that encourage safe and clean boating among the boating public. ... [more]  

The 35th edition of the Rolex Middle Sea Race is fast approaching and appears likely to rewrite the record books. Entries are shortly due to close and the Royal Malta Yacht Club is already bracing itself for the biggest fleet to grace its island home since the Great Siege of 1565. The Ottoman Armada of 450 years ago was recorded to be 193 in strength. ... [more]  

The Notice of Race for ISAF Sailing World Cup Miami, scheduled for 25-31 January 2015, has been released. On-line entry will open on 10 November 2014. The deadline for priority entries with regards to quotas is 5 December 2014. Entries must be received no later than 5 January 2015 to qualify for early entry. ... [more]  

A stellar list of just under 100 broadcasters has been lined up to showcase the world’s toughest ocean challenge, the Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15, to a new global audience of fans. The 12th edition has offered channels a line-up of a new 39-part weekly half-hour show plus special short bespoke features. ... [more]  

Photographer Eugenia Bakunova of leading Russian website www.mainsail.ru was on the water at Les Voiles de Saint Tropez on the French Riveria , and provided this gallery of images of the classics and other yachts racing on Day 2 ... [more]  

New Ragamuffin 100 emerges from the hull build in Nowra *Feature by Richard Gladwell/Sail-World.com/nz
Ragamuffin 100, which started out as a modified Elliott design, Maximus, is another supermaxi undergoing a major rebuild or retrofit. Across the Tasman, the new Ragamuffin 100 will be virtually a new boat with a a new hull design by Andy Dovell / Syd Fischer / David Witt. The hull mould and shell was built by Innovation Composites at the Nowra facility. ... [more]  

Southern Spars ships the world's tallest masts by Richard Gladwell, Sail-World.com/nz
Leading world sparmaker, Southern Spars, has shipped two spars for a new 85 metre ketch. The superyacht will carry two 93metre masts which will be the world’s tallest rigs on one gigantic yacht. ... [more]  

Professional sailing photographers from all over the world are invited to join the Mirabaud Yacht Racing Image award 2014. Started in 2009, the Mirabaud Yacht Racing Image is the world’s premier photography competition dedicated to the sport of sailing. The prestigious trophy will be awarded during the World Yacht Racing Forum in Barcelona, on December 11, 2014. ... [more]  

David Kellett (AUS) is to be awarded the ISAF Beppe Croce Trophy which honours an individual for their outstanding voluntary contribution to the sport of sailing. The ISAF Beppe Croce Trophy, first presented in 1988 in memory of Beppe Croce, the ISAF President from 1969 to 1986, will be presented to Kellett at the 2014 ISAF Annual Conference in Palma de Mallorca, Spain. ... [more]  

After being graced with plenty of late summer sunshine during the opening days of the event, more autumnal weather moved in on the fifth day of the Davidoff Cool Water Sylt PWA Super Grand Slam with grey skies and infrequent showers. Unfortunately though the light winds continued as the sailors endured another lay day. ... [more]  

In a move that is expected to benefit recreational boaters, on Oct. 22 the US Coast Guard will drop the current life jacket type code scheme -- Type I, II, III, IV and V -- that has been used for years to label and differentiate the types of life jackets and their specific use. ... [more]  

Kate Nota and her team onboard the J/111 Odyssey won the Ripple Effect Short Video Contest, which was part of the Ida Lewis Distance Race this summer (August 15). ... [more]  

The largest Laser World Championship in history will be taking place on the south coast of France when 515 sailors, representing 36 different countries, begin racing on October 5 to open the 2014 Audi Laser Masters’ World Championships. The Laser remains one of the best and most popular boats worldwide in which to enjoy the sport of sailing. ... [more]  

Carlo Borlenghi was back on the water for day two at Les Voiles de Saint-Tropez to capture these images. ... [more]  

It has been an interesting journey so far for the Chinese team in the Volvo Ocean Race, Dongfeng Race Team. Approximately 10 months ago this team set out on a mission to select and train Chinese recruits in the hope that they would be ‘race ready’ for the start of leg 1 of the Volvo Ocean Race 2014-15. ... [more]  

Volvo Ocean Race fans can now carry the world’s toughest ocean race in their pocket, thanks to the launch of a new official mobile app. Developed for both iOS and Android systems, the app is available for download from the App Store and Google Play now – and boasts a host of exciting features which will allow users to be closer to the on-water adventure than ever before. ... [more]  

Race teams planning next season’s calendar could do worse than sign up for the Mount Gay Round Barbados Race Series 2015 which runs from 16-24 January. This event, which kick starts the Caribbean race season, was re-launched in 2014 with a new race format and plenty of record-breaking opportunities. It proved such a success that an even bigger entry is expected in 2015. ... [more]  

Photographer Eugenia Bakunova of leading Russian website www.mainsail.ru was on the water at Les Voiles de Saint Tropez on the French Riveria , and provided this gallery of images of the classics and other yachts racing ... [more]  

Sunset+Vine|APP, the Oxford-based unit of the multi-award winning UK independent TV sports production and media company Sunset+Vine, has helped ISAF smash all previous broadcaster records for the recent Santander 2014 ISAF Sailing World Championships. ... [more]  

2014 ISAF Sailing World Cup - Melbourne - Don’t forget to enter the ISAF Sailing World Cup – Melbourne. There are only two days left to take advantage of the discounted entry price offer. ... [more]  

2014 12 Metre North American Championships - Two days of a northerly (first strong, then light) and one day of a building southwesterly put six 12 Metre yachts to the test at their North American Championships, which were held off Newport, R.I. over September 26-28. Gunther Buerman’s (Newport, R.I.) KZ-3 and Dennis Williams’ (Hobe Sound, Fla.) Victory ’83 defended their titles ... [more]  

The waiting game continued on day four of the Davidoff Cool Water Sylt PWA Super Grand Slam as the light winds continued. Over the course of the day a few sailors took the opportunity to make the most of the small waves on offer, either surfing or SUPping. After spending the day on hold the sailors were released at 4:30pm. ... [more]  

Platu 25 World Championship - Euz II Monella Vagabonda wins again
Les Voiles de Saint-Tropez - Day 1 images by Carlo Borlenghi
Les Voiles de Saint Tropez - Day 1 action shots by Ingrid Abery
U.S. Team Racing Championship - Ladies and Gentlemen victorious +Video
National Sailing Hall of Fame inducts eight
2016 ISAF Youth Match Racing Worlds - Bid guidelines now published
Volvo Ocean Race: Last medical training for the onboard sailors +Video
2014 Melges 20 Pacific Coast Championship - Images by Erik Simonson
J/105 North American Champs- Rod Wilmer and Terry McLaughlin succeeds
Extreme Sailing Series: Burling and Tuke back on board for Nice Act
2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - Lotte Meldgaard Pedersen wins US event
America's Cup: Oracle Team USA's AC72 takes to the streets
Alpari World Match Racing Tour - Canfield wins first Dutch Match Cup
Pantaenius and Camper & Nicholsons Marinas become strategic partners
Kite Foil Gold Cup Australia 2014 – Day two video
Bart's Bash: Update and Video - Information overload!
2014 U.S. Team Racing Championship - Day 2
2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - USA leads Denmark in Sheboygan final
2014 U.S. Adult Sailing Championship - Benz Faget wins third mallory
J/105 North American Champ - Wilmer/McLaughlin team maintain advantage
Images from Cannes: Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai   
Régates Royales – Trophée Panerai: Cannes at its best   
Dutch Match Cup - Gilmour keeps clean sheet in Lelystad   
Dutch Match Cup - GAC Pindar through to fifth consecutive semi-final   
Hobie 16 Open North Americans and 2015 Pan Am Games qualifier overall   
Volvo Ocean Race - Frostad on Boat Design and final changes (Part II) *Feature   
Volvo Ocean Race 10 days to go – Frostad on cultural change (Part I) *Feature   
2014-15 Volvo Ocean Race on NBC Sports Network in the U.S.   
2014 J/24 World Championship - Will Welles’ Cougar clinches   
2014 Buddy Melges Challenge - Meldgaard and Le Berre ready for semis   
2014 U.S. Adult Sailing Championship - Day 3   
2014 U.S. Team Racing Championship - Day 1 + Video   
America's Cup: Then and now - Coutts on why Oracle won, and the Venue   
Byte CII World Sailing Championship comes to Royal Varuna, Thailand   
Dutch Match Cup: Canfield wins Qualifying, six set for Quarters battle   
12 Metre North Americans - A blast from the America’s Cup past   
2015 ISAF Sailing World Cup qualification system published   
Volvo Ocean Race: Mapfre named as Spanish team sponsor + Video   
Extreme Sailing Series returns to Nice for the penultimate Act of 2014   
ISAF invites bids for 2016 Women's Match Racing World Championship   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL WAS US
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT