News Home Video Gallery Newsletters Photo Gallery Cruising Int
Sail-World.com : Is your hull painted red? Report after yacht capsize
Is your hull painted red? Report after yacht capsize

'Rambler 100 rescue'    .

The modern cruising yacht is about as unlikely to capsize through the loss of its keel as it is to hit a whale. This doesn't mean it's impossible if the keel is bolted on, and last month's findings (meant primarily for racing) by Ireland's MCIB(Marine Casualty Investigation Board) about the the capsize and rescue of the Fastnet Yacht Rambler 100 will be of interest to all.

The yacht capsized when its keel failed in August last year, and it happened in Irish waters, triggering an Irish investigation.

One of the more interesting conclusions of the report was that the upturned vessel would have been visible from a much greater distance by rescue crews had the hull been painted with a bright colour. This, of course, is a no-brainer. There's nothing to be lost by painting the hull of one's yacht red.

The report also advised yachtsmen to look out for signs of keel failure on one-off design yachts, many of which in previous cases were found to be caused by weld fractures.

The incident:
The Rambler 100 capsized shortly after rounding Fastnet Rock during the 2011 edition of the Fastnet Race on 15 August last year.

Sixteen of the 21-strong crew managed to climb onto the upturned hull, while the other five were later picked up from the water after drifting away from the vessel. Photos of the rescue of the yacht's crew are available HERE.

The report:
The MCIB's account of the incident reads like a Faulty Towers script. The report found that the 100-foot racing yacht capsized very quickly once the keel had fractured, surprising the crew and leaving them no time to react other than to get to safety.

Because of this, a number of opportunities that may have hastened their rescue were missed, the report outlines.

Firstly, a 'Mayday' broadcast via the yacht's installed VHF received no response, possibly because the mast was quickly underwater. The navigator's handheld VHF radio was also lost while he was swimming out of the capsizing vessel.

It was noted that two grab bags containing EPIRBs were stored under the navigator's seats port and starboard which proved inaccessible once the boat was capsizing. The report concludes that had such equipment been located within reach of the companion way or by the helm, it would have proved easier for one of the crew to grab before leaving.

Two liferafts stored in containers on the aft deck were also inaccessible with the hull inverted. An alternate method of releasing them from their storage box would have made it possible to launch at least one of the rafts, the report asserted.

It was found that the leverage of the water ballast tanks contributed to the rapid inversion of the vessel once the boat lay on her side in the water. This left no time for the off-watch crew below deck at the time of the incident to reach either foul weather gear or personal flotation devices (PFDs).

The report also recommended that an escape hatch would have aided the off-watch crew's escape from the upturned hull, though thankfully they were able to remove themselves from below deck without becoming tangled in loose ropes or other equipment.

Although each crew member was issued with a safety pack containing a PLB and strobe light, only two were available to those on the upturned hull, and none to the five who drifted away. The report states that it 'would have greatly aided the rescue services had each of the survivors carried their own PLB and activated it on entering the water'.

Moreover, it was found that incomplete registration information for the two PLBs that were activated caused some confusion as to the identity of the vessel in distress, and led to a delay of around an hour before a full-scale search ad rescue operation was launched.

The report did not investigate the reason for the keel failure, only the fact that it caused the capsize, and that further analysis on the keel is being carried out by the appropriate authorities.

The MCIB also outlines a list of safety recommendations based on its conclusions which have been made primarily to the International Sailing Federation (ISAF) for inclusion in its special regulations for future offshore racing events. Here they are:

Safety recommendations from the MCIB:

It should be noted that the following recommendations are being made primarily to the International Sailing Federation (ISAF) for inclusion in their Offshore Special Regulations (OSR) for future offshore yacht racing events. Cruising yacht owners may like to consider what is of interest or relevant to them.

1. Modify ISAF OSR Appendix K (Moveable and Variable Ballast) to include a requirement for emergency escape from an inverted hull and access to a liferaft and grab bag from an inverted position. Add a requirement to be able to deploy a Horseshoe lifebelt or Lifesling from an inverted position.

2. Modify ISAF OSR 4.20.3v (Liferaft stowage on a multihull shall be such that each liferaft may be readily removed and launched whether or not the yacht is inverted) to include monohull yachts in OSR category 0 races and for monohull yachts with canting keels in OSR Category 1 and 2 races.

3. It is recommended that a grab bag containing at least a handheld VHF and EPIRB be located in such a position when boats are inverted so that they can be readily accessed by crew in the cockpit.

4. It is recommended that ISAF OSR 3.29.1v be modified to include category Mo1,2 and that DSC be used in the event of a MAYDAY broadcast.

5. It is recommended that ISAF OSR 4.19 be modified to state that the ship’s EPIRB be mounted in a float free bracket located such that it will deploy automatically in the event of a capsize and in such a position that it is accessible to the crew from the water aft of the boat with the boat in any position.

6. It is recommended that all crew carry their safety pack with them at all times and that all PLB’s be registered to the individual user and that the vessel’s name, call sign and satellite phone number be included on the registration (ISAF OSR 5.01 k). It is further recommended that all PLB’s be entered on crew lists with the race organisers prior to commencement of the race (ISAF OSR 4.19e). OSRs currently state that PLBs should be properly registered with the appropriate authority.

7. Modify ISAF OSR 4.02.3 to include category Mo1,2 and make it a requirement that a section of hull and underwater appendages show an area of highly visible colour.

8. It is recommended that the flag State authorities should instigate an investigation as to why the keel failed and disseminate any recommendations/technical guidance following this investigation.

9. It is recommended that yachts racing under category Mo1 be required to carry their AIS antenna at mast head to facilitate stronger AIS signals.

10. It is recommended that the ISAF in conjunction with the RORC and the major yacht racing national authorities develop regulations concerning the standard of welded keel fins.


by Sail-World Cruising

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=104543

8:16 PM Sat 8 Dec 2012GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Click for further information on
Safety and the cruising sailor

Related News Stories:

03 Dec 2012  UK's RNLI saves 140,000 lives
26 Nov 2012  Vandals strike Marine Rescue vessel at start of peak sailing season
28 Oct 2012  Product of the Week: Jonbuoy Recovery Module for MOB situations
14 Oct 2012  Freezing temperatures mean it's time to winterize
01 Oct 2012  SOS unheeded - abandoned cruising sailors rescued by divers
21 Sep 2012  British lifesavers - 39 times a day, at your service
17 Sep 2012  A Eureka moment for Harness and lifejacket design
12 Sep 2012  RNLI conducts inflating life jacket tests
02 Sep 2012  Carbon Monoxide - the silent killer
31 Aug 2012  Anatomy of a sailing boat collision - test your judgement
MORE STORIES ...






Cruising USA

Predictwind helps you pick the best time to depart by Richard Gladwell Sail-World.com/nz,
















4.8 million Legos all at sea by Adam Clark Estes,




Dredging activity near corals can increase frequency of diseases by ARC Centre of Excellence Coral Reef Studies,




Understanding the Ocean's role in Greenland Glacier melt by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI),




Three Defensive Docking Strategies for Sailors by Captain John Jamieson, Florida


Revealing report on Search for American yacht Nina released *Feature by Rob Kothe and the Sail-World team,














Baby Nemos finding their way home by ARC Centre of Excellence Coral Reef Studies,










The real ‘Supermoon’ story by Sail-world.com,




Sailor rescued after Facebook call for rescue by RNLI/Sail-World Cruising,








Northern Scotland: Voyage to Orkney and Shetland Isles, photos
The Galley Guys' favourite shrimp recipe
Vestas Sailrocket 3 - Over the Horizon
BoatUS speaks out about 'Ethanol-at-all-cost Agenda'
Tidal current installations will increase boating hazards
Eco-Sailboat of the future - Catherine Chabaud at work
Calling yachts in the South Pacific - rally to New Zealand
The final touch - which wax should I use on my boat?
ARC Baltic sets sail to discover Europe's 'east sea'
Another boom death. Australian sailor dies, hit by swinging boom
Galley Guru vital to the life of the cruising sailor
'Boat Handling in Marinas' by Rob Gibson - and how to get it reliably
Heart-stopping moment as whale capsizes Zodiac
If we stop killing parrotfish we can bring back Caribbean coral reefs
Climate change could stop fish finding their friends
Vanuatu ups their welcome to cruising sailors with new approach
Criminal charges mooted for owners of sunk HMS Bounty
Red faces after authorities inadvertently aid boat thief to get away
Mobiles drive traffic - 72% increase in Sail-World.com page view *Feature
Sail Estonia: a VERY new idea
Tie This 'Lifesaving' Bowline in Seconds - the easy way!   
A Beer Bummel on the Thames River   
Online weather routing - possible? Predict Wind says yes   
Why Boats Sink: Ten best tips on prevention   
The North West Passage calls: Who will answer this year?   
Polish adventure sailor in second try at North West Passage   
Whale research - new techniques expand for non-lethal methods   
Jessica Watson, solo sailing star, four years on...   
Americas solo non-stop circumnavigator crosses Pacific for research   
What is an El Niño and how will it affect my sailing? (Part 1)   
The Dinghy Nav Light Solution- a brilliantly dumb idea   
Spike in water temperatures evidence of ‘irreversible’ El Nino *Feature   
Sailing crew's battle to save yacht lost in the Indian Ocean   
Five Top Tips for selecting the best boatyard   
Tips for selecting the best boatyard   
Predictwind unlocks more features on free accounts   
Composite Rigging launches new campaign for ECsix   
When is a Captain not a Captain?   
Free app for managing your yacht   
Amazing MOB survival - 13 hours floating, rescued by fishermen   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL WAS Cru USA
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT