News Home Photo Gallery Boats for Sale Sail-World Racing Cruising Int MarineBusiness-World FishingBoating Magnetic Is RW : Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? The 4R's of rescue
Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? The 4R's of rescue

'Drowning - why more New Zealanders?'    .

Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? Going boating or sailing puts people right in the right place to drown if circumstances collide to make a dangerous situation. New Zealand is in the unenviable position of having the third highest drowning rate of the developed countries (3.3 per 100 000), only less per capita than Brazil and Finland (ILSF 2007 World Drowning Report), a rate twice that of Australia (1.5 per 100 000).

Drowning is the third highest cause of unintentional injury death in New Zealand for all age groups, but second highest for the under-25 age group.

To put it more graphically, Dr Kevin Moran, Chairman of WaterSafety Auckland, recently told the NZ Herald that between 1980 and last year, 81 people drowned in New Zealand while trying to rescue others. Of these, most (80 per cent) were male. Maori (33 per cent) and Pasifika (12 per cent) people were over-represented.

Last month a man and his nephew drowned off the Hawkes Bay coast while trying to save a young girl who made her own way to shore. What was supposed to be a weekend of family celebrations became a double tragedy.

The Drowning Prevention Strategy is in place with New Zealand's Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) as the lead agency.

In Australia, Queenslanders Dr John Pearn and Bernard Franklin have analysed the loss of life while trying to rescue children in their study, 'Drowning for Love. The Aquatic Victim Instead of Rescuer Syndrome.'

However, there is a 'now' solution for reducing the number of drowning deaths in both countries - the Four R's.

Dr Moran said, 'Fewer people would be lost if they understood the Four Rs of bystander rescue - Recognise, Respond, Rescue and Revive.'

Using the Four Rs:

• Recognise - a would-be rescuer would assess victim distress, the urgency and the dangers in a rescue attempt and, importantly, look for a flotation device.

• Respond - the first priority is to stop the drowning process by providing flotation to the victim while still assessing the dangers of a rescue and the urgency. This is especially true if the victim cannot be immediately removed from the water. It is at this stage that the bystander should send for help.

• Rescue - a land- or craft-based rescue minimises risk for the rescuer but, if a water-based rescue is necessary, a non-contact rescue using flotation is the safest method.

• Revive - this phase covers the possible need for CPR and other medical assistance as required.

Dr Moran told the Herald that New Zealanders struggle to understand the areas of Recognise and Respond.

A nationwide water safety survey of New Zealand youth found 35 per cent considered they had no rescue ability, and 59 per cent expressed doubts about their ability to perform a deep-water rescue.

A recently published Auckland study of 415 people at last March's Pasifika Festival suggests many lack an understanding in water safety.

The findings provide evidence of questionable readiness to respond in a rescue role as a bystander confronted with a drowning emergency.

Despite a desire to respond in a rescuer role, many people may lack the physical competency and knowledge to safely attempt a rescue.

While it is hard to imagine not following your gut instincts and trying to rescue someone in need, especially a family member, would-be rescuers need to remember the four Rs of Recognise, Respond, Rescue and Revive if they are going to attempt a rescue safely.

by Watersafe Auckland/Sail-World Cruising


Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

11:18 PM Sun 8 Dec 2013GMT

Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Sail-World Cruising News - local and the World

Five rescued after writing giant SOS by Courier Mail/Sail-World Cruising,

Irish student turns a mobile phone into a VHF radio by Niall Murray, Irish Examiner/Sail-World,

Singapore Yacht Show – more than just a show by Guy Nowell, Sail-World Asia, Hong Kong

'Sailing Adventures in Paradise' by Vincent Bossley by Noonsite Reviewer/Sail-World,

Pam, 90-year-old pearling lugger, to sail again by Sail-World Cruising round-up,

How sailors really do have a voice in the future of our oceans by Sandra Whitehouse, Sailors for the Sea,

Message-in-a-bottle record - 102 years by AFP/Sail-World Cruising,

Simple Boat Step makes it easy to step from dock to deck
Canadian solo sailor rescued north of Auckland
Sailing without effort - holidaying in a gulet
Yacht of the Week: Moody 41
The Hutchwilco New Zealand Boat Show 2014
Ipad and sailing boats in Australia/NZ - What works and what doesn't *Feature
Humpback Whales - Non Lethal research
Dutchman's 'real' Noah's Ark benefits from film's success
Two separate remote baby rescues sure to raise questions
Dramatic MOB Pacific cold-water rescue - the personal account
Merchant Shipping Chalks Up Another Rescue - Tanker Saves Yacht Crew
Check this sailing gear more often during the season
Multihull Solutions Whitsunday Rendezvous 2014 – Entries sailing
SOLAS fundraiser to take place at Gosford Sailing Club
Laura Dekker presented OCC's Award of Merit Sat 05 April in Whangarei
Free online fuel spill course - how much do you know?
Smaller but plenty of space: The Nautitech Open 40
Product of the Week: Chafe guards save lines from friction
Government sneaks through the 'Affordable Boat Act'
Japan's Antarctic whaling program harpooned
Yacht of the Week: Kokomo III - and she could be yours   
To Sea in a Sailing Ship: the glory days - at CYCA TOMORROW!   
Life-shattering event sends 'rookie' couple sailing the world   
Mysteries of the seas, happening right now - missing, sunk, foul play   
Sail Norway and Russia this summer - your own boat, or charter   
Sunshine4kids' 'Fleet of Hope' sets off again   
3,200-year-old boat found in Croatian waters   
Product of the Week: the LineGrabber   
So-called 'Med Mooring' - handy in some anchorages, and here's how   
Canadian storm bomb threat - sailors advised: get off the water!   
Carbon monoxide poisoning - is it possible on YOUR boat?   
Go crazy about whales in a special family fun day at the museum   
Southport Yacht Club achieves Gold Anchor status   
Sailing family condemmed for taking 3-year-old on circumnavigation   
New contract-free plan for satellite communicator on your smart phone   
Melbourne Boat Show earlier this year - 12 to 16 June   
Southport Yacht Club will host a free 'Discover Sailing Day'   
Farmer sails his super-size pumpkin across lake - a New Zealand first   
Yacht of the Week: The Dashew creation: no sails, but eco-friendly   
No laughing! Sailing mistakes I don't want to make   

For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News  

Our Advertisers are committed to our sport, please support them!
This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia Pty. Ltd and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.

Photographs are copyright by law. If you wish to use or buy a photograph you must contact the photographer directly (there is a hyperlink in most cases to their website, or do a Google search.) with your request.

Please do not contact as we cannot give permission for use of other photographer’s images.

Only if the photographer named on the image is,, or
Contact us .
Ph: +61 2 8006 1873 fax: +61 2 8076 0459 or complete our feedback form    Contact us .
   View our Privacy Policy.    [Go Home]     [  Banner Advertising Specification]    [Bot Archive ]

Customised news feeds -Marine Industry companies, Clubs and Associations have their own customised version of our news feed on their website.