News Home Boats for Sale MarineBusiness-World Sail-World Racing Cruising Int Magnetic Is RW Photo Gallery FishingBoating : Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? The 4R's of rescue
Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? The 4R's of rescue

'Drowning - why more New Zealanders?'    .

Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? Going boating or sailing puts people right in the right place to drown if circumstances collide to make a dangerous situation. New Zealand is in the unenviable position of having the third highest drowning rate of the developed countries (3.3 per 100 000), only less per capita than Brazil and Finland (ILSF 2007 World Drowning Report), a rate twice that of Australia (1.5 per 100 000).

Drowning is the third highest cause of unintentional injury death in New Zealand for all age groups, but second highest for the under-25 age group.

To put it more graphically, Dr Kevin Moran, Chairman of WaterSafety Auckland, recently told the NZ Herald that between 1980 and last year, 81 people drowned in New Zealand while trying to rescue others. Of these, most (80 per cent) were male. Maori (33 per cent) and Pasifika (12 per cent) people were over-represented.

Last month a man and his nephew drowned off the Hawkes Bay coast while trying to save a young girl who made her own way to shore. What was supposed to be a weekend of family celebrations became a double tragedy.

The Drowning Prevention Strategy is in place with New Zealand's Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) as the lead agency.

In Australia, Queenslanders Dr John Pearn and Bernard Franklin have analysed the loss of life while trying to rescue children in their study, 'Drowning for Love. The Aquatic Victim Instead of Rescuer Syndrome.'

However, there is a 'now' solution for reducing the number of drowning deaths in both countries - the Four R's.

Dr Moran said, 'Fewer people would be lost if they understood the Four Rs of bystander rescue - Recognise, Respond, Rescue and Revive.'

Using the Four Rs:

• Recognise - a would-be rescuer would assess victim distress, the urgency and the dangers in a rescue attempt and, importantly, look for a flotation device.

• Respond - the first priority is to stop the drowning process by providing flotation to the victim while still assessing the dangers of a rescue and the urgency. This is especially true if the victim cannot be immediately removed from the water. It is at this stage that the bystander should send for help.

• Rescue - a land- or craft-based rescue minimises risk for the rescuer but, if a water-based rescue is necessary, a non-contact rescue using flotation is the safest method.

• Revive - this phase covers the possible need for CPR and other medical assistance as required.

Dr Moran told the Herald that New Zealanders struggle to understand the areas of Recognise and Respond.

A nationwide water safety survey of New Zealand youth found 35 per cent considered they had no rescue ability, and 59 per cent expressed doubts about their ability to perform a deep-water rescue.

A recently published Auckland study of 415 people at last March's Pasifika Festival suggests many lack an understanding in water safety.

The findings provide evidence of questionable readiness to respond in a rescue role as a bystander confronted with a drowning emergency.

Despite a desire to respond in a rescuer role, many people may lack the physical competency and knowledge to safely attempt a rescue.

While it is hard to imagine not following your gut instincts and trying to rescue someone in need, especially a family member, would-be rescuers need to remember the four Rs of Recognise, Respond, Rescue and Revive if they are going to attempt a rescue safely.

by Watersafe Auckland/Sail-World Cruising


Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

11:18 PM Sun 8 Dec 2013GMT

Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Sail-World Cruising News - local and the World

A case of crossed wires? A shocking situation! by Stuart Carruthers, RYA Cruising Manager,

Canal Boating in the Alsace with the Galley Guys by Greg Nicoll with John Armstrong,

World ARC fleet arrives in Darwin by World Cruising Club,

Dangers of the Dinghy trip back to your boat by Rob Kothe & the Sail-World Team,

Where in the world are our strongest corals? by Hanny Rivera - Cohen's Lab,

Barnacle Busting by Neil and Ley Langford,

Polar research: Six priorities for Antarctic science by Mahlon C. Kennicutt II and colleagues,

Garcia Yachts Exploration 45 - Jimmy Cornell's newest adventure
Sustainable Seafood - How to purchase with confidence
Risks to penguin populations continues
Dangerous conditions for boaters from this afternoon
ARC Baltic fleet head from Helsinki to Stockholm
Follow these tips when anchoring
Swedish couple rescued off Cook Islands
Elaine Fowler, RPAYC's first female life member elected
Refurbished Protector project 'better than buying new'
Galley Guys meet the Spice Lady
Discover science of maritime exploration at National Maritime Museum
Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club’s Jack Gale training centre born
Multihull Central launches Aquila range at SIBS *Feature
If all else fails read the instructions!!
ARC Baltic fleet cruising and anchoring in the Finnish archipelago
Phuket Yacht Show: new kid on the block taking on PIMEX? *Feature
Endangered species are like Movie Stars - Charlie Sheens and Tom Hanks
Vanuatu Customs making life easier for visiting cruising yachts
Multihull Central - Covering all the bases *Feature
Baltic 4 Nations rally is now in full swing
Flags at Sea, an infographic by John Tissott   
Cruising lessons from ocean racers   
Sydney International Boat Show - Day 2 *Feature   
Marine Rescue volunteers celebrate new unit and $120,000 vessel   
Procedures set out for waterborne visitors to Vanuatu   
17-year-old RNLI volunteer saves child in first rescue mission + Video   
Teen names latest RNLI Shannon class lifeboat in Poole + Video   
Fascinating opportunity with OceansWatch   
Pantaenius Insurance - being seen in yellow, green and orange *Feature   
Fake GPS signals detected when cruising the high seas   
Sydney International Boat Show - Changed conditions on Sydney Harbour   
Our new Cruising Editor editor remembers his first offshore adventure   
World Odyssey Race - Bringing back the Corinthian spirit   
Blue Planet Odyssey Rally - Raising climate change awareness   
Pacific Circuit Rally - 2015   
All Points Rally departs this November   
Gold Coast Broadwater no closer to welcoming supermaxis *Feature   
2014 Magnetic Island Race Week Cruising North - One for Poppy? *Feature   
World ARC 2014 reaches Australia   
A Mooring in Iceberg Alley   

For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News  

Switch Default Region to:

Social Media





New Zealand

United Kingdom

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World






Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text


Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery


Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery





Privacy Policy



Cookie Policy



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph, contact the photographer directly.
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT