News Home Boats for Sale MarineBusiness-World Sail-World Racing Cruising Int Magnetic Is RW Photo Gallery FishingBoating : Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? The 4R's of rescue
Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? The 4R's of rescue

'Drowning - why more New Zealanders?'    .

Why do more New Zealanders drown than Australians? Going boating or sailing puts people right in the right place to drown if circumstances collide to make a dangerous situation. New Zealand is in the unenviable position of having the third highest drowning rate of the developed countries (3.3 per 100 000), only less per capita than Brazil and Finland (ILSF 2007 World Drowning Report), a rate twice that of Australia (1.5 per 100 000).

Drowning is the third highest cause of unintentional injury death in New Zealand for all age groups, but second highest for the under-25 age group.

To put it more graphically, Dr Kevin Moran, Chairman of WaterSafety Auckland, recently told the NZ Herald that between 1980 and last year, 81 people drowned in New Zealand while trying to rescue others. Of these, most (80 per cent) were male. Maori (33 per cent) and Pasifika (12 per cent) people were over-represented.

Last month a man and his nephew drowned off the Hawkes Bay coast while trying to save a young girl who made her own way to shore. What was supposed to be a weekend of family celebrations became a double tragedy.

The Drowning Prevention Strategy is in place with New Zealand's Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) as the lead agency.

In Australia, Queenslanders Dr John Pearn and Bernard Franklin have analysed the loss of life while trying to rescue children in their study, 'Drowning for Love. The Aquatic Victim Instead of Rescuer Syndrome.'

However, there is a 'now' solution for reducing the number of drowning deaths in both countries - the Four R's.

Dr Moran said, 'Fewer people would be lost if they understood the Four Rs of bystander rescue - Recognise, Respond, Rescue and Revive.'

Using the Four Rs:

• Recognise - a would-be rescuer would assess victim distress, the urgency and the dangers in a rescue attempt and, importantly, look for a flotation device.

• Respond - the first priority is to stop the drowning process by providing flotation to the victim while still assessing the dangers of a rescue and the urgency. This is especially true if the victim cannot be immediately removed from the water. It is at this stage that the bystander should send for help.

• Rescue - a land- or craft-based rescue minimises risk for the rescuer but, if a water-based rescue is necessary, a non-contact rescue using flotation is the safest method.

• Revive - this phase covers the possible need for CPR and other medical assistance as required.

Dr Moran told the Herald that New Zealanders struggle to understand the areas of Recognise and Respond.

A nationwide water safety survey of New Zealand youth found 35 per cent considered they had no rescue ability, and 59 per cent expressed doubts about their ability to perform a deep-water rescue.

A recently published Auckland study of 415 people at last March's Pasifika Festival suggests many lack an understanding in water safety.

The findings provide evidence of questionable readiness to respond in a rescue role as a bystander confronted with a drowning emergency.

Despite a desire to respond in a rescuer role, many people may lack the physical competency and knowledge to safely attempt a rescue.

While it is hard to imagine not following your gut instincts and trying to rescue someone in need, especially a family member, would-be rescuers need to remember the four Rs of Recognise, Respond, Rescue and Revive if they are going to attempt a rescue safely.

by Watersafe Auckland/Sail-World Cruising


Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

11:18 PM Sun 8 Dec 2013GMT

Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.

Sail-World Cruising News - local and the World

Remember to properly dispose of obsolete distress beacons by Australian Maritime Safety Authority,

World ARC fleet bids farewell to Bali by World Cruising Club,

World ARC crews in Bali by World Cruising Club,

Could your sailing navigation use a tune-up? by Captain John Jamieson, Florida

Shedding light on the life of former lighthouse keepers + Video by Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority,

The Boat Cookbook by BoatBooks,

World ARC fleet now arriving in Bali
Skysol Frame Large: A new shading solution for sunroofs
Governor’s Cup Yacht race - Great for cruisers and racers alike
EU Naval flagship- frigate assist yacht twice maydays in pirate zone
Australian Maritime Safety Authority coordinates rescue of solo sailor
An offer a Galley Guy cannot refuse
Dinghy Safety - More to think about
Southport Yacht Club’s annual Sail Past and Blessing of Fleet Ceremony
World ARC fleet to enter Indian Ocean for the first time
Pack this sailing gear for 'hands-free' lighting
New earlier date for ICA’s Cruising Prep Seminar proving popular
World ARC fleet departs Darwin under full sail
Techno-Sciences chosen for AUS/NZ MEOSAR Infrastructure Deployment
Marine Rescue crew saves cruiser in trouble in rough conditions
2014 Mandurah Boat Show - Third largest boat show in Australia
Blue Planet Odyssey - Northwest Passage gate opens
World ARC participants tour Litchfield National Park
Africa Europe Challenge introduces 'Spectator's Package'
Wanted youth circumnavigators on a 'Voyage of Imagination'
The crowd-pleasing comforts of catamaran cruising
Death by Dinghy   
'Sailing Stones' of Death Valley seen in action for the first time   
20 coral species listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act   
Shanghai to San Francisco in under 2 hours via supersonic sub   
Last chance to win a yacht worth $250,000   
A case of crossed wires? A shocking situation!   
How amazingly awe-inspiring the Arctic really is   
New atlas provides thorough audit of marine life in the Southern Ocean   
Canal Boating in the Alsace with the Galley Guys   
Dangerous conditions for boaters from Queensland border to Sydney   
World ARC fleet arrives in Darwin   
Scarlet Runner circumnavigated the globe   
Audi Hamilton Island Race Week - Rock stars of sea take to catwalk   
Dangers of the Dinghy trip back to your boat   
Timeless Tonga - Charter sailing in a Polynesian paradise *Feature   
A fine conclusion to the ARC Baltic 2014   
Where in the world are our strongest corals?   
Incredible efforts to save yacht from being lost at sea   
ARC Baltic fleet visit six countries and six capitals in six weeks   
Barnacle Busting   

For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News  

Switch Default Region to:

Social Media





New Zealand

United Kingdom

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World






Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text


Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery


Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery





Privacy Policy



Cookie Policy



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph, contact the photographer directly.
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT