sail-world.com
 
 
News Home Cruising Australia Cruising USA Cruising Canada Boats for Sale Sail-World Racing Photo Gallery FishingBoating
Video Gallery Newsletters
Sail-World.com : Look like a seasoned old salt on your first sail - some nautical terms
Look like a seasoned old salt on your first sail - some nautical terms


'Nautical terms - a beginning'    .

So you've just bought your first boat, or you've been invited on board someone else's boat for a sail. What you'll need is some nautical terms to show the rest of the crew how cool you are. You don't want to look like a land lubber when you're trying to impress the Sunday crowd.

The truth is, many nautical terms are extremely confusing, but it's vital to get them right. There are many hundreds of these, but here are few really important ones to start with and make you look like a real cool cat on your next sail:

   
Abandon ship! This is a good one to start with, just in case.  Remember, once you are abandoning, it becomes a ship, not a sailing boat.
Abeam in line with the widest part of the boat. 'Come abeam' to a nearby yacht is the cool way to address a nearby boat
Above board Has nothing to do with honesty, just means 'on the deck and not below'
Admiral Courtesy title given to the galley slave
Adrift When the engine fails and the wind dies, this is what happens
Ahoy The only respectable call from one boat to another – 'Hello', 'Hey', and 'excuse me' are all inexcusable on a boat
Ahull How the boat lies when the sea comes up after being adrift
All hands On a cruising boat usually applies to the 'other half'
   
Anchors aweigh This is a smart call when you are leaving an anchorage – shows you really know your stuff
Ashore Where you end up after too many navigation mistakes. Probably time to leap off and walk home.
Aground Similar to ashore, but still stuck out in the water, and can't even walk home
Athwart Nothing to do with disagreement between the skipper and 'all hands', it means at right angles to the centreline of the boat
Avast The nautical term for 'stop', which is definitely unnautical. 'Avast ye hearties' has a certain ring
Awash What happens when the freeboard is close to, or below, zero.
Aye aye The coolest way of saying 'ok'
Backstays Nothing to do with mother's corsets. The line from stern to masthead, helping to stop the mast from falling over
Bailer Any device which will assist the boat from not being awash
Bank The joint owner of your sailing boat perhaps, but can be a large area of elevated sea floor
Bar What you hope to reach at the end of a day's sailing, or the bank at the entrance to a river.
Bareboat charter Does not relate to the amount of equipment on your charter boat, merely that it comes without crew
Bark Nothing to do with trees or taking your dog along for a sail – it's a sailing vessel with three or more masts, two square-rigged, and the aft fore and aft rigged
Batten down the hatches This is yelled when you see a storm coming, even if you don't have any hatches
Beaching The best thing to do if your boat is sinking – running it onto the nearest beach
Berth This is where the boat is docked, and also where one sleeps – never in the bed, perhaps in a bunk
Bilge The area below the sole – the very bottom of the boat, inside.
Bitter end Nothing to do with your yacht grounding or sinking – it is the loose end of a line or rope
Burgee The small flag denoting club membership – NEVER call it a flag
Cable Very cool to talk in cables. It's 1/10 nautical mile, about 600 feet or 220 metres.
Cape Horn Fever The neatest way to say you're scared as hell
Captain Respectful term used for the skipper of a boat – can be dropped when appropriate
Cast off Much more nautical sounding than saying 'let go the lines'
Charts Never, never, never say 'maps'
Close-hauled Sailing as direct as possible into the wind. Great term to bring out on occasions
Coaming This is a great one to throw around, and means the raised edge of the boat keeping out the water
Cockpit When you're in the cockpit, you are NOT on deck. The deck is the deck, the cockpit is the cockpit
Companionway there are NO stairs on a boat. It's a companionway
Cuddy what you call your allotted cabin if you think it's too small
Decks awash What happens just prior to sinking
Depth Don't whatever you do talk about feet or metres. The cool thing to do, to show just how long you've been sailing, is fathoms. It's a cinch that those under thirty will hever have heard of them
Ensign Flag denoting the nationality of your boat – much cooler than 'flag'
Fluke Wedge-shaped anchor arm that digs into the bottom – digging into the bottom securely, however, should not be a fluke.
Following sea When the waves follow behind your boat, often when sailing downwind.  This is very nautical-sounding.
Freeboard How much freeboard do we have?' does not related to food. It's the distance from the deck to the water.
Gunwale This is pronounced 'gunnel', and is the upper edge of the hull.  If you pronounce it right, you'll be taken for an experienced sailor straight up.
jibing and tacking Don't get them mixed up. When you jibe, you turn AWAY from the wind and the boom will swing and need to be contolled. When you tack, you turn INTO the wind and the boom remains easily under control.
Halyard This is a line used to raise the head of a sail and is usually seen lying flat against the mast
Head The origins of this relate to the fact that the latrine was always in the bow of the boat, not to the intelligence on board – but NEVER call it a toilet.
Hitch Nothing to do with trousers. Any knot which is used to attach a line to a fixed object on the boat
In irons When the boat is into wind and unable to manoeuvre, something to be avoided as it will show immediately that you are a novice
Iron headsail The engine.
Knot It simply isn't cool to talk in Mph or Kph. Knots are the distance measure used
Latitude Think 'Ladder-tude' and you'll never mix up latitude and longitude again
Lee-oh The instruction to tack the boat.  Make sure you either give the correct instruction or know what it is when the skipper calls it.
leeway The distance that the boat is being pushed sideways by the wind.  Good for comments: 'Mmmm, we have quite a lot of leeway here'.
MOB This means 'man overboard'. There's no term for 'woman overboard'. That's because they're more careful
Nay The opposite of aye aye, but not acceptable on a sailing boat when given an instruction
Nautical mile This is the same as a knot – a distance measure, about 1.15 longer than a mile.
Oilies the slang name for wet weather gear (comes from oilskins)
Over-canvassed this is a good term for when there is too much sail up – will impress well
Painter You've got to get this right, and it's nothing to do with painting. This is the rope between the dinghy and the boat.
pitchpole this is when the boat capsizes bow first, rather than by rolling over sideways.  Goes well if you want to tell some imaginary sailing yarn
reaching This is sailing across the wind rather than into it or away from it.
Ready about this is the call to get ready to tack, is called just before Lee-oh
Red to red This is a lovely one to display your nautical knowledge. When you are passing another vessel, it means 'red light to red light' or port to port and is the safest way to pass
reefing Nothing to do with coral or rocks. This is reducing the amount of sail on your boat, without actually removing the sail
Rigging Nothing to do with accountancy. It is the system of masts and lines.
Rode Do use this. It is the name of the line for the anchor – the anchor rode
Rope the only rope on a boat is attached to a bucket. The others are lines or sheets
Shrouds Nothing to do with death. The stays which are used to hold up the mast from side to side
Stay Nothing to do with corsets. They are the wires which hold the mast up, by being attached between the top area of the mast and the deck
Sloop Any yacht with just one mast – much cooler than using 'yacht'
Spindrift If the wind gets high a fine mist of spray is swept from the top of each wave. Very handy in conversation
Springs Very important to know. When berthing a boat, these are the lines which prevent the forward and aft movement of the boat.  'I'll do the springs!' - if you know what to do...
Stanchions The vertical posts on the edge of the deck, supporting the life lines.  DON'T call them posts or any other such substitute.
Stow On a boat, you don't put your gear away, you STOW it
Tack See jibe
Tell tales Nothing to do with the tall tales being told on the boat.  Small pieces of wool or yarn tied to a stay or sail to tell the direction of the wind
Transom The flat surface of the stern of a boat – get it right. It is not 'the stern' or 'the back'
Vang Most commonly the boom vang, a small strut that holds the boom down, attaches from the underside of the boom to the bottom fo the mast
Weigh anchor Much cooler to 'weigh' anchor rather than lifting the anchor.
Wide berth Giving someone one of these does not relate to the size of their bed, but to distance between you and the next boat
Windage the wind resistance of the boat itself – handy phrase, particularly when reaching.  'Mmmm the windage is giving the boat a lot of leeway'.
   


by Lee Mylchreest


  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.sail-world.com/index.cfm?nid=119559

7:51 PM Sun 23 Feb 2014GMT


Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.







Sail-World Cruising News - local and the World

Take a look at some ideas from The Green Blue to make your boating greener in 2015. Small changes can make a big difference. Whether it’s making that first passage across the channel, running a marathon or losing a few pounds, only one in ten of us will actually achieve our New Year’s resolution. ... [more]  

It’s that time again when the New Year will be ushered in with a blizzard of resolutions to lose weight, quit smoking, eat healthy food, get fit and drink less, learn Mandarin, etc, etc. However, these simple declarations of intent require a considerable amount of will power to succeed and as the last traces of it disappear, most resolutions are abandoned. ... [more]  

The power of the tide by Sam Fortescue, Editor Sailing Today
Sam Fortescue experiences a sticky reminder of the influence of the tide. It was the first time he had been sailing in Turkey for about 20 years, and he was returning to his old cruising grounds around Bodrum. In late September, it was decidedly the tail end of the season, and they flew in on the wings of one storm (and out on the vanguard of another). ... [more]  

It’s impossible to recreate the ocean’s dynamic conditions in the laboratory. And the ocean is a tough place to bring in delicate scientific instruments and get them to survive, let along work. That hasn’t deterred Craig Taylor, a biologist at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. More than two decades ago, he began working with WHOI engineer Ken Doherty to develop an instrument they called SID. ... [more]  

For Christmas a Shiny new Sail-World.com *Feature by Brendan Maxwell
Santa’s elves started on January 7th 2014 building a set of shiny new Sail-World.com websites and just minutes before Christmas morning in one of Santa’s first touch downs Auckland New Zealand , TetraMedia General Manager Jedda Murphy flicked the switch on the dedicated TetraMeda servers in Frankfurt Germany to take almost all our world-wide audience to the new Sail-World sites. ... [more]  

The spirit of the ARC is the spirit of camaraderie and adventure, which makes every one of the 1,250 ARC sailors a winner, not just those on stage to receive awards. After a 20-hour delay to the scheduled start, caused by strong winds in Gran Canaria, ARC 2014 got off to a flying start for this trade wind classic. ... [more]  

The Atlantic hurricane season will officially end on November 30, and will be remembered as a relatively quiet season as was predicted. Still, the season afforded NOAA scientists with opportunities to produce new forecast products, showcase successful modeling advancements, and conduct research to benefit future forecasts. Improved model, new surge forecast products and research projects debuted. ... [more]  

The second edition of this alternative route to the traditional ARC route saw 50 yachts and over 200 crew enjoy the same great activity programme before and after their ARC crossing, but also an interesting and enjoyable stopover on São Vicente, one of the less visited of the Cape Verde islands. Crews were full of praise for ARC+ route, now an integral part of the Atlantic Rally for Cruisers. ... [more]  

Waves within waves by Leslie G. Baehr
Scientists have a name for this phenomenon—internal waves. By definition, internal waves occur in the deep, well beyond people’s purview. Scientists have generated miniature internal waves in small tanks in the lab, but out in the wild, they’re as elusive as a white horse in a snowstorm. ... [more]  

The Cruising Yacht Club of Australia has received overwhelming support for its Parade of Sail, to be held prior to the Rolex Sydney Hobart Yacht Race on December 26, and staged in honour of the 70th Hobart and the Club’s 70th anniversary. ... [more]  

Over the past 30 years, the Arctic has warmed more than any other region on Earth. As sea ice continues to thin and melt, understanding the rapid changes going on in this sensitive part of the world and its ecosystems becomes even more crucial. The new vehicle, called Nereid Under Ice (NUI), is remotely operated by pilots aboard a surface ship via a lightweight, micro-thin, fiber-optic tether. ... [more]  

Tabor Boy - A century of service by Capt. James E. Geil
The history of Tabor Boy, the 92-foot flagship of coeducational Tabor Academy, in Marion, Massachusetts, is that of a working vessel. Although she was designed and built in 1914 to support the commercial shipping trade, Tabor Boy’s real calling turned out to be teaching young people about life and the sea. ... [more]  

The Gunboat 55 has been crowned Cruising World’s 2015 Domestic Boat of the Year. The publication’s annual competition is judged by a panel of independent judges. This year’s judges, Tim Murphy, Ed Sherman and Mark Schrader, were unanimous in their praise and selection. ... [more]  

In 2013, over 955,000 boats changed hands on the pre-owned boat market. That meant for a nearly a million boat buyers, hiring an accredited marine surveyor to inspect their potential dreamboat was often the first step after finding it. ... [more]  

In a world first study researchers have found a coral-eating fish that disguises its smell to hide from predators. 'For many animals vision is less important than their sense of smell,' says study lead author Dr Rohan Brooker from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) at James Cook University. ... [more]  

Writing in the Journal of Animal Ecology the authors set out to answer important and fundamental questions on how life in the ocean will respond to projected changes in the coming decades. Despite evidence of increasing acidification of the world's oceans, questions remain over whether marine species will be able to adapt to these changing conditions. ... [more]  

By studying the colour of seabird guano in the infrared part of the spectrum the researchers from British Antarctic Survey (BAS), University of Cambridge and University of Edinburgh were able to identify and isolate the poo's unique spectral signature from bare rocks and snow. ... [more]  

Sail-World is now live testing the changed website format. If you are using this format for the first time, please scroll to the bottom of the site and check that your region is set for your region and not some other. It can be correctly set up using the drop down boxes. Then go to the top, click refresh, and you should be away. ... [more]  

Oceanographer Bob Pickart will never forget his first cruise aboard Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution’s (WHOI) research vessel Knorr. It was February 1997, and the ship was headed to the fierce Labrador Sea in the dead of winter. Sailing into the teeth of wintry conditions was the whole point of the 47-day research cruise. ... [more]  

Fifty-five years ago, the group of twelve nations who’d been involved in the International Geophysical Year of 1957 signed the Treaty. The Treaty has ensured that Antarctica remains a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science. ... [more]  

Scientists urge protection of world's deltas by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Extensive areas of the world’s deltas — which accommodate major cities such as Shanghai, Dhaka and Bangkok — will be drowned in the next century by rising sea levels, according to a Comment piece in this week’s Nature. ... [more]  

The BBC has reported that nine Somali pirates should get thousands of Euros because they were not immediately brought before a French judge, the court ruled. One is to get 9,000 Euros (£7,000) and the others sums of up to 7,000 Euros. The judges faulted France for keeping them in custody for an extra 48 hours. ... [more]  

Yacht lost on Majuro by John Martin
Monday morning I awoke early and watched the sky grow light listening to the quiet morning sounds here in our anchorage off the island of Eneko. At 7:30 the cruiser’s net anchor started off with the usual good morning, and she asked if there was any emergency traffic. ... [more]  

When we taught the intense 12-week Professional Mariner Program at the Chapman School of Seamanship, top priority the first week was to get each student into a mindset where they inspected a boat from stem to stern before casting off and after they tied up. Note the dual inspections. Bookends if you will. Before sailing; after sailing. Every time. ... [more]  

Leopard by Finland crossed the finish line in Rodney Bay Saint Lucia this morning at 01:09:51 UTC (02/12 21:09:51 Local time) smashing the ARC Course Record by 2 days 6 hours 45 minutes and 19 seconds. Sailing across the Atlantic from Las Palmas de Gran Canaria to Rodney Bay, Saint Lucia in a total of 8 days 14 hours, 39 minutes and 51 seconds. ... [more]  

Fort Lauderdale greets Oceans of Hope yacht by Sailing Sclerosis Foundation
Oceans of Hope sailed into Fort Lauderdale this morning at 11:00 a.m. local time to an enthusiastic dockside audience awaiting their arrival. Cheers ensued, horns blared and the crew looked happy to arrive in the tropical landscape of Florida. It has been a long and arduous journey for some, including Christina Lamb Sidell, who joined the Oceans of Hope crew several weeks ago in New Jersey. ... [more]  

As I look back over nearly 40 years of sailing around Mediterranean waters I can't help but reflect on time passing by. 'Isn't it a bit like painting the Forth Bridge?' a friend asked of my pottering around looking at harbours and anchorages. ... [more]  

Try as you might, it just won’t work. Ropes are for pulling, and pulling alone. Similarly, most things on a boat and in a rig have a specific job to do and hence reason for the way they’re designed. Form follows function, after all. So with this adage firmly in mind, let’s see what Sydney Rigging Specialists have been up to and why they stick to this theory, like rust marks on a trusty kite. ... [more]  

2014 has truly been an Odyssey year, as our boats have criss-crossed the Atlantic on epic journeys, starting in January when the Atlantic Odyssey II yachts sailed from La Palma to Grenada, and followed by the summer adventure of the Blue Planet Odyssey yachts up in the High Arctic attempting the transit of the North West Passage. ... [more]  

Sailing within the ARC+ fleet, Alubat Cignale 18 Eleonora 2 crossed the ARC+ finish line at 07:38:46 local time after a fast 2100NM passage from Mindelo in the Cape Verde Islands. The international crew on board were in great spirits having enjoyed their 12 days at sea and are now looking forward to experiencing the delights of the Caribbean. ... [more]  

Every year, thousands of people suffer from CFP, a poisoning syndrome caused by eating toxic reef fish. CFP symptoms are both gastrointestinal and neurological, bringing on bouts of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, muscle aches, and in some cases, the reversal of hot and cold sensations. Some neurological symptoms can persist for days to months to years after exposure. ... [more]  

Little Pines Multimedia has released a new series of instructional apps for Android available at their website Apps4Sailing.com, Google Play and Amazon. ... [more]  

Scientists from the UK, USA and Australia say the new technology provides accurate ice thickness measurements from areas that were previously too difficult to access. The results, published this week in the journal Nature Geoscience (Monday 24 November 2014), step up the pace of research in the polar regions aimed at understanding the dramatic sea ice changes in the context of climate change. ... [more]  

Ultra-low sulphur fuel for yachts
PredictWind launches new Offshore Application for Mac and PC
Govt eases yacht permits for marine tourism boost
FLIR M625 Review – Let there be light!
29th Atlantic Rally for Cruisers sets sail
Sometimes the waiting is just as good as the journey
Tips on boating with dogs
Four Tips - How to safely truck your boat over the road
Atlantic Odyssey – Emergency Medi-Vac from Cocojet III
ARC 2014 - ARC start delayed
Antarctic ‘ghost mountains’ preserved by ice sheet
Clear the Decks!
Sail-World Team holds first Continental Conference at METS
British Cycling grows by over 500%, can sailing do the same?
Extinction risk not the answer for reef futures
ARC+ fleet sets sail for Saint Lucia
Sail safer with these 'landfall light' secrets
Sailing the Mediterranean – An infographic
New transducer line from Garmin boasts scanning sonar
Building on borrowed time + Video
Marion to Bermuda Race announces the M2M2B Yacht Rally   
34 Atlantic Odyssey yachts cross start line off Arrecife   
World ARC fleet explores Zululand   
Visit Doyle Sails New Zealand at METS 2014   
ARC 2014 Opening Ceremony: Flags and bands, one week to the start   
Sailing veteran celebrates his 20th Atlantic Rally for Cruisers   
All set for ARC+ arrivals in São Vicente   
Caribbean 1500 - Lest We Forget: Crews who won't make it to Tortola   
Crews visit ARC Forest at Las Palmas de Gran Canaria   
Security Council renews action to fight piracy off Somali Coast   
World Odyssey Race cancelled   
Caribbean 1500 - One fleet, two very different stories   
Eccletic ARC fleet assemble in Las Palmas   
Antigua 2 Falmouth - Notice of Race released for 2015 edition   
Oceans of Hope yacht arrives in New York City in unique global voyage   
Spirit of Tradition   
Tropical storm-like conditions in Malta and Sicily as Medicane hits   
ARC+ Cape Verde fleet slows, more wind expected tomorrow   
Top 20 cruising realities no-one talks about!   
Busy schedule begins for ARC crews in Las Palmas   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/FaceBook-icon.png  http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph, contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW CRU NH
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT